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R&D Group - ? R&D Group - ?
R&D Group - ?
http://www.randdethiopia.com/
The Historic Route - Ethiopia Itinerary - Red Savannah The Historic Route - Ethiopia Itinerary - Red Savannah
Tailor-made holidays of Ethiopia's Historic Route: Lalibela, Axum, Gondar & Lake Tana.
http://www.redsavannah.com/
Ethiopia LGBTI Resources - Rights in Exile Programme Ethiopia LGBTI Resources - Rights in Exile Programme
Ethiopia LGBTI Resources - Rights in Exile Programme
http://www.refugeelegalaidinformation.org/
Texas Drug Rehab and Inpatient Alcohol Rehabs TX Texas Drug Rehab and Inpatient Alcohol Rehabs TX
Find private, inpatient rehabs in Texas including many of the Nation's top alcohol and drug rehabilitation centers. TX luxury rehab programs.
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ReligiousLeftLaw.com ReligiousLeftLaw.com
Our aim is to offer a site where progressives from a variety of religious traditions, discuss law, politics, religion, and culture together in mutual respect and affection.
http://www.religiousleftlaw.com/
Home - Renwick Business Home - Renwick Business
Business Brokerage & Estate Agency
http://www.renwickbrokers.co.za/
En Ethiopie, une école de design qui pousse à innover - Hebdo - RFI En Ethiopie, une école de design qui pousse à innover - Hebdo - RFI
L’Ethiopie peut se targuer d’un savoir-faire multiséculaire dans le textile. Mais quand Sara Mohammed a créé son école, il y a onze ans, aucune institution n’enseignait l’art de la mode. Régulièrement, des étrangers venant d’Afrique du Sud, des Etats-Unis,...
http://www.rfi.fr/
Ensete ventricosum - Abyssinian banana/RHS Gardening Ensete ventricosum - Abyssinian banana/RHS Gardening
Find help & information on <i
http://www.rhs.org.uk/
Polygraph Johannesburg - 062 095 4205 - Lie detector tests - Infidelity tests Polygraph Johannesburg - 062 095 4205 - Lie detector tests - Infidelity tests
Polygraph Johannesburg - 062 095 4205 - Lie detector tests - Infidelity tests
http://www.richemp.org.za/
Horse Riding Safaris South Africa - The Ant Collection Horse Riding Safaris South Africa - The Ant Collection
Riding South Africa specialises in luxury horse riding safaris in South Africa on 2 private game reserves, just 3 hours north of Johannesburg. The Ant Collection offers unique horse riding safaris in South Africa on a private 12,500 acre game reserve in the Waterberg area.
http://www.ridingsouthafrica.com/
Ries Engineering Ethiopia Ries Engineering Ethiopia
Caterpillar Dealer. Ethiopia Caterpillar Dealer, heavy machine dealer. construction machinery,machinery. construction. Machine rental, power system, power generator, excavator, dozer, grader, lift truck, loader, trucks, caterpillar ethiopia,used machine. industrial machine, asphalt paving
http://www.riesethiopia.com/
Abyssinia™ – Rockbox Abyssinia™ – Rockbox
Abyssinia™ – Rockbox
http://www.rockbox.com/
Mercato - Ethiopia Travel Guide - Rough Guides Mercato - Ethiopia Travel Guide - Rough Guides
Plan your visit to Mercato, Ethiopia: find out where to go and what to do in Mercato with Rough Guides. Read about itineraries, activities, places to stay and travel essentials and get inspiration from the blog in the best guide to Mercato Plan your visit to Mercato, Ethiopia: find out where to go and what to do in Mercato with Rough Guides. Read about itineraries, activities, places to stay and travel essentials and get inspiration from the blog in the best guide to Mercato
http://www.roughguides.com/
ADDIS ABABA Painting by Ken Beckles - Saatchi Art ADDIS ABABA Painting by Ken Beckles - Saatchi Art
Saatchi Art is pleased to offer the painting, "ADDIS ABABA," by Ken Beckles, available for purchase at $3,710 USD. Original Painting: Plastic on Acrylic. Size is 57 H x 12 W x 2 in.
http://www.saatchiart.com/
Sabguru.com Sabguru.com
17 people killed in tribal clashes in Ethiopia Addis Ababa
http://www.sabguru.com/
Safeway supermarkets Safeway supermarkets
We are a one-stop shopping center for all your household needs and more. We assure you of our irrevocable commitment to the satisfaction of our valued customers.
http://www.safewaysupermarkets.com/
Salem's Designs Salem's Designs
Salem's Designs
http://www.salemethiopia.com/
Salonsaround.com Salonsaround.com
Find best Salons, Spa’s, Massage centers & Deals around Dubai and Sharjah. Salons near me, best Salon Deals, Salons Finder, Salons Around, Salons in Dubai.
http://www.salonsaround.com/
A week in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia – Sam Floy A week in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia – Sam Floy
A week in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia – Sam Floy
http://www.samfloy.com/
Sami carpet - ? Sami carpet - ?
Sami carpet - ?
http://www.samicarpet.com/
Santa Maria Construction Santa Maria Construction
Work Hard , Build Together
http://www.santamariaconstruction-et.com/
Kitfo Recipe - Saveur Kitfo Recipe - Saveur
Kitfo Recipe - Saveur
http://www.saveur.com/
Aigle fabrique en France et vend en Chine - L'a... Aigle fabrique en France et vend en Chine - L'a...
Alors que la plupart de ses concurrents ont délocalisé vers lAsie, le fabriquant de bottes et de vêtements Aigle a choisi daller à contre-courant, avec succès. - L'actualité de la filière cuir
http://www.scoop.it/
Screenafrica.com Screenafrica.com
Screenafrica.com
http://www.screenafrica.com/
Ethiopian Airlines Fleet Info and Seating Charts & Seat Reviews - Updated December 2019 - SeatLink Ethiopian Airlines Fleet Info and Seating Charts & Seat Reviews - Updated December 2019 - SeatLink
Flying Ethiopian Airlines soon? Check out our reviews, seating charts, photos, and upgrade tips for making your trip awesome.
http://www.seatlink.com/
Home - See Us Arba Minch Home - See Us Arba Minch
Home - See Us Arba Minch
http://www.seeusarbaminch.com/
Seneweb - Infos, news & actualités - L'information du Sénégal en continu - seneweb.com Seneweb - Infos, news & actualités - L'information du Sénégal en continu - seneweb.com
Information, Senegal news et actualité politique en continu sur seneweb. Actualité politique, info culture & sports au Sénégal et en Afrique
http://www.seneweb.com/
Get Google Adsense Approval within 3 days in 2016 Get Google Adsense Approval within 3 days in 2016
Did Google disapprove your adsense request? Follow these 12 strategies to get your AdSense approval within 3 days. A 100% working strategy in the year 2016.
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The Best Ethiopian Restaurants in Washington, DC - Serious Eats The Best Ethiopian Restaurants in Washington, DC - Serious Eats
Washington, DC, is home to the largest Ethiopian population in the country—and the second largest in the world. Here are four can't-miss Ethiopian restaurants to try in the District.
http://www.seriouseats.com/
Sakshi Sood- Makeup Artist and Hairstylist - Makeup Artists in Delhi - ShaadiSaga Sakshi Sood- Makeup Artist and Hairstylist - Makeup Artists in Delhi - ShaadiSaga
Sakshi Sood- Makeup Artist and Hairstylist, Delhi - Get quote from Sakshi Sood- Makeup Artist and Hairstylist for your requirements & see Contact info, Reviews, Photos, Prices. Sakshi Sood- Makeup Artist and Hairstylist offers Bridal Makeup, Family, Guest & Party Makeup. Book Bridal Makeup Artists in Delhi @ShaadiSaga
http://www.shaadisaga.com/
Rabtron - Electronic Components Rabtron - Electronic Components
Electronic Components Supplier
http://www.shop.rabtron.co.za/
Last Chance Sale - Raru Last Chance Sale - Raru
Last Chance Sale - Raru
http://www.shopturbo.co.za/
Addis ababa signs Wholesale,addis ababa signs price,signs in addis ababa Addis ababa signs Wholesale,addis ababa signs price,signs in addis ababa
A professional and reliable addis ababa signs shopping center providing a variety of addis ababa Signs,addis ababa signs Wholesale and retail addis ababa signs at sign-in-global.us
http://www.sign-in-global.us/
God Changes Everything   by Katha Pollitt God Changes Everything   by Katha Pollitt
God Changes Everything   by Katha Pollitt
http://www.skeptic.ca/
Nakiska Ski Area - Nakiska Ski Area Nakiska Ski Area - Nakiska Ski Area
Nakiska Ski Area - Nakiska Ski Area
http://www.skinakiska.com/
Sky Limit tour operation - Southern Route Sky Limit tour operation - Southern Route
Contact us today
http://www.skylimittour.com/
Car Rental in Addis Ababa - Compare with Skyscanner Car Rental in Addis Ababa - Compare with Skyscanner
Addis Ababa Car Rental Comparison. We compare car rental deals from all major providers in Addis Ababa. Search and Save with Skyscanner
http://www.skyscanner.ae/
Car Hire in Addis Ababa - Compare with Skyscanner Car Hire in Addis Ababa - Compare with Skyscanner
Addis Ababa Car Hire Comparison. We compare car rental deals from all major providers in Addis Ababa. Search and Save with Skyscanner
http://www.skyscanner.co.nz/
Ethiopian Airlines Cheap Flights & Airfares - Skycanner Australia Ethiopian Airlines Cheap Flights & Airfares - Skycanner Australia
Compare Ethiopian Airlines airfares with other airlines. Find the cheapest airfares from Ethiopian Airlines. Book directly at Ethiopian Airlines - no extra fees from us, only from Skycanner Australia.
http://www.skyscanner.com.au/
Addis Mercato Reviews - Addis Ababa, Ethiopia - Skyscanner Addis Mercato Reviews - Addis Ababa, Ethiopia - Skyscanner
Find reviews and tips from people like you on Addis Mercato Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. 'One place to visit in Addis Ababa is Merkato. It is the biggest out...
http://www.skyscanner.com.sg/
Aéroports de Éthiopie - Skyscanner France Aéroports de Éthiopie - Skyscanner France
Informations sur chaque aéroport de Éthiopie; informations sur les départs et les arrivées en direct, cartes d'itinéraire, compagnies traditionnelles et à bas prix, comparez tous les tarifs à partir d'une seule page Web
http://www.skyscanner.fr/
ADDIS ABABA - Lideta Mercato Mall - U/C - SkyscraperCity ADDIS ABABA - Lideta Mercato Mall - U/C - SkyscraperCity
ADDIS ABABA - Lideta Mercato Mall - U/C Addis Ababa
http://www.skyscrapercity.com/
SLS Trading –Addis Ababa, Ethiopia deals with import of home appliances and products from China, the middle east and occasionally from Europe and America. SLS Trading –Addis Ababa, Ethiopia deals with import of home appliances and products from China, the middle east and occasionally from Europe and America.
Home appliances and products
http://www.sls-tradingplc.com/
Sls trading - Household appliances Sls trading - Household appliances
Sls trading - Household appliances
http://www.slstradingplc.com/
Ethiopian marathon runners Ethiopian marathon runners
Snipview.com - a knowledge network
http://www.snipview.com/
Soccer Ethiopia – The voice of Ethiopian Football Soccer Ethiopia – The voice of Ethiopian Football
Soccer Ethiopia – The voice of Ethiopian Football
http://www.soccerethiopia.net/
Chris Brown Tickets, Tour Dates & Concerts 2020 & 2019 – Songkick Chris Brown Tickets, Tour Dates & Concerts 2020 & 2019 – Songkick
Buy tickets for Chris Brown concerts near you. See all upcoming 2019-20 tour dates, support acts, reviews and venue info.
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Ethiopia CCTV consultants - Security companies - SourceSecurity.com Ethiopia CCTV consultants - Security companies - SourceSecurity.com
Find a list of cctv consultants in Ethiopia from our comprehensive directory of security companies. Contact these cctv companies to make sales enquiries or order product and service literature and fulfill your security and surveillance needs.
http://www.sourcesecurity.com/
44 Football Party Food Recipes Made for Game Day - Southern Living 44 Football Party Food Recipes Made for Game Day - Southern Living
In the South, football party food is just as important as the game itself. Make your house a game day headquarters with these recipes for delicious dips, hot wings, and more.
http://www.southernliving.com/
South Star International Hotel South Star International Hotel
EXPERIENCE <br
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Welegaoromo - Spanish Translator Welegaoromo - Spanish Translator
Translate Welegaoromo. See Spanish-English translations with audio pronunciations, examples, and word-by-word explanations.
http://www.spanishdict.com/
Addis Ababa Ketema :: Sport Epoch Addis Ababa Ketema :: Sport Epoch
Addis Ababa Ketema - Live Soccer TV - football news, TV and online streaming listings, fixtures, results, tables, stats, videos and more.
http://www.sportepoch.com/
Best Ski Resorts Lake Tahoe - Squaw Valley Alpine Meadows Best Ski Resorts Lake Tahoe - Squaw Valley Alpine Meadows
Book your next winter vacation at Squaw Valley–Alpine Meadows, one of the finest Lake Tahoe ski resorts in California.
http://www.squaw.com/
Page not found Page not found
Page not found
http://www.standard.co.uk/
Personal and Business Banking - Standard Bank Personal and Business Banking - Standard Bank
Open a bank account, get a personal or business loan, make offshore investments and sign up for Internet Banking. With Standard Bank, you’re good to go.
http://www.standardbank.co.za/
Startribune.com Startribune.com
With weeks or months away from home and wages lagging inflation, long-haul driving takes a different breed.
http://www.startribune.com/
Investment Climate Statements: Custom Report Excerpts - United States Department of State Investment Climate Statements: Custom Report Excerpts - United States Department of State
Investment Climate Statements: Custom Report Excerpts - United States Department of State
http://www.state.gov/
Thanks a Thousand – Stay Tuned Darien, CT Thanks a Thousand – Stay Tuned Darien, CT
Thanks a Thousand – Stay Tuned Darien, CT
http://www.staytuneddarienct.com/
EFI/Electronic Fuel Injection Systems at Summit Racing EFI/Electronic Fuel Injection Systems at Summit Racing
Find EFI systems from Edelbrock, FAST, Holley, MSD Ignition, ACCEL, and more at Summit Racing and get fast shipping and great service
http://www.summitracing.com/
Sun direction in Ethiopia - Sun Direction Sun direction in Ethiopia - Sun Direction
Sun direction in Ethiopia, sun orientation in Ethiopia, sunrise in Ethiopia, sunset in Ethiopia
http://www.sun-direction.com/
SustainabiliTank: Addis Ababa SustainabiliTank: Addis Ababa
Sustainabilitank.info: The Sustainable Development Media Think Tank - Addis Ababa
http://www.sustainabilitank.info/
Addis Ababa - Stockholm Arlanda Airport Addis Ababa - Stockholm Arlanda Airport
Capital of one the world's fastest-growing economies, Addis Ababa (also spelled Addis Abeba) is a city in motion, catching up to Ethiopia's zooming commercial development in its stride. At times gauche and somewhat rough around the edges, it is nonetheless worth more than a single night in transit, if only for the country's finest dining, shopping, and of-the-moment urban developments.
http://www.swedavia.com/
Addis Ababa - Stockholm Arlanda Airport Addis Ababa - Stockholm Arlanda Airport
Capital of one the world's fastest-growing economies, Addis Ababa (also spelled Addis Abeba) is a city in motion, catching up to Ethiopia's zooming commercial development in its stride. At times gauche and somewhat rough around the edges, it is nonetheless worth more than a single night in transit, if only for the country's finest dining, shopping, and of-the-moment urban developments.
http://www.swedavia.se/
The Best Sports Store in SA – Sportsmans Warehouse – South Africa The Best Sports Store in SA – Sportsmans Warehouse – South Africa
We stock the widest range of sports equipment, running footwear, exercise apparel and fitness gear in South Africa.
http://www.swh.co.za/
Pizza State - Home delivery - Order online - Sector 19 Panchkula Chandigarh Pizza State - Home delivery - Order online - Sector 19 Panchkula Chandigarh
Order Food Online from Pizza State Sector 19 Panchkula and see it's menu for Home Delivery in Chandigarh. Fastest delivery - No minimum order - GPS tracking.
http://www.swiggy.com/
Can You RUN It - Can I Run It - Can My PC Run It Can You RUN It - Can I Run It - Can My PC Run It
Check your system requirements. Can I Run it? Test your specs and rate your gaming PC.
http://www.systemrequirementslab.com/
Football Appetizer Recipes, Dishes and Ideas - Tablespoon.com Football Appetizer Recipes, Dishes and Ideas - Tablespoon.com
Theres no day like game day to go big. Were pulling out all the stops with our best-ever football appetizers like dips, wings, jalapeo poppers and chili recipes—and thats all before kickoff! Stick around for halftime drinks and fourth-quarter desserts, all of which is guranteed to score major points with your home team.
http://www.tablespoon.com/
Tadesse Filatea PLC Tadesse Filatea PLC
Tadesse Filatea PLC
http://www.tadessefilatea.com/
Profiles archive at Tadias Magazine Profiles archive at Tadias Magazine
Ethiopian Business and Lifestyle
http://www.tadias.com/
Operations Consulting, Supply Chain and Lean Consulting Firm Operations Consulting, Supply Chain and Lean Consulting Firm
TBM Consulting is an global operations consulting firm with emphasis on operations, lean, and supply chain consulting for manufacturers and distributors.
http://www.tbmcg.com/
Teena in Toronto: Fionn MacCool's, Vaughan, ON Teena in Toronto: Fionn MacCool's, Vaughan, ON
Teena in Toronto: Fionn MacCool's, Vaughan, ON
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Full length Ethiopian movies Full length Ethiopian movies
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http://www.tewnet.com/
The African Aviation Tribune •: ? NIGER: Remembering UTA Flight UT772, twenty three years ago today. The African Aviation Tribune •: ? NIGER: Remembering UTA Flight UT772, twenty three years ago today.
The African Aviation Tribune •: ? NIGER: Remembering UTA Flight UT772, twenty three years ago today.
http://www.theafricanaviationtribune.com/
Ethiopian Coffee Brands - The Coffee Bean Menu Ethiopian Coffee Brands - The Coffee Bean Menu
I WANT the best Ethiopian Coffee Brands!! We review the top 5 best Ethiopian Coffee Brands for flavor, cost, and the opinions of users around the world.
http://www.thecoffeebeanmenu.com/
Africa's Best Top 35 High-End Nightclubs & Nightlife Africa's Best Top 35 High-End Nightclubs & Nightlife
Check out Africa's best top 35 high-end nightclubs, high-end nightlife events and private members' clubs.
http://www.theinternationalman.com/
UN consultant among Indians killed in Ethiopian plane crash: Sushma - The Kashmir Monitor UN consultant among Indians killed in Ethiopian plane crash: Sushma - The Kashmir Monitor
Four Indians, including a UN consultant attached with the Environment Ministry, were among those killed when a Nairobi-bound Ethiopian Airlines plane crashed after taking-off from Addis Ababa, Foreign Minister Sushma Swaraj said.
http://www.thekashmirmonitor.net/
January 2015 - The Life Nomadik January 2015 - The Life Nomadik
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http://www.thelifenomadik.com/
Pickpockets, Scammers, and Jesus: Welcome to Addis Ababa. — The Sleepy Cheese Pickpockets, Scammers, and Jesus: Welcome to Addis Ababa. — The Sleepy Cheese
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15 Soccer Stars Who Were Rich Before They Made It Pro 15 Soccer Stars Who Were Rich Before They Made It Pro
Soccer is often seen as a rags-to-riches sport. Most players have shared stories of rough upbringings and have the game to thank for bringing them immense wealth. Everyone loves such a story. But much
http://www.thesportster.com/
Icelandic engineering group signs contract for Tulu Moye geothermal project, Ethiopia - Think GeoEnergy - Geothermal Energy News Icelandic engineering group signs contract for Tulu Moye geothermal project, Ethiopia - Think GeoEnergy - Geothermal Energy News
M-V, a joint venture by Icelandic engineering groups Mannvit and Verkís has signed a consulting agreement for owner engineering services for the Tulu Moye geothermal project in Ethiopia, East Africa.
http://www.thinkgeoenergy.com/
Thisisplace.org Thisisplace.org
Place is a news and information website designed to shed light on the many issues revolving around land and property rights.
http://www.thisisplace.org/
Tutorial - Using Unicode in Visual Basic 6.0 - Free Unicode Controls Tutorial - Using Unicode in Visual Basic 6.0 - Free Unicode Controls
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http://www.toolboxw.com/
Top 40+ des restaurants insolites de Paris, les plus originaux et atypiques - Topito Top 40+ des restaurants insolites de Paris, les plus originaux et atypiques - Topito
Marre du traditionnel « oeuf mayo / entrecôte / crème brulée » ? Après les restos insolites dans le monde, les restaurants insolites en France, découvrez de
http://www.topito.com/
Totot Traditional Restaurant Totot Traditional Restaurant
Totot Traditional Restaurant
http://www.totottraditionalrestaurant.com/
Pour quels Pays faut-il un Visa avec un Passeport Français ? Pour quels Pays faut-il un Visa avec un Passeport Français ?
Découvrez notre liste complète et mise à jour en continu des pays pour lesquels il faut faire un visa quand on a un passeport français.
http://www.tourdumondiste.com/
Ethiopian coffee - Trabocca - In pursuit of great coffee Ethiopian coffee - Trabocca - In pursuit of great coffee
Ethiopian coffee brings forth complex flavor profiles that are hard to find elsewhere. Read more about this intriguing coffee country.
http://www.trabocca.com/
Soft Toys In Chandigarh, Soft Toys Dealers & Traders In Chandigarh, Chandigarh Soft Toys In Chandigarh, Soft Toys Dealers & Traders In Chandigarh, Chandigarh
Find the top soft toys dealers, traders, distributors, wholesalers, manufacturers & suppliers in Chandigarh, Chandigarh. Get latest & updated soft toys prices in Chandigarh for your buying requirement.
http://www.tradeindia.com/
Ethiopia - Bizarre Foods - Travel Channel Ethiopia - Bizarre Foods - Travel Channel
Andrew explores Ethiopia, an African country famous for its cuisine. But the food he eats is not on the menu at your neighborhood Ethiopian restaurant. Watch as he tastes a real Ethiopian delicacy - raw meat.
http://www.travelchannel.com/
Flight Ticket from Addis Ababa to Palangkaraya - Traveloka Flight Ticket from Addis Ababa to Palangkaraya - Traveloka
Traveloka helps you find cheap and promo flights from Addis Ababa to Palangkaraya. Search and book cheap flight tickets of Lion Air, Sriwijaya, Garuda and many more.
http://www.traveloka.com/
Travelshoppe.co.ke Travelshoppe.co.ke
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Cheap Flights To Addis Ababa - Travel Wide Flights Cheap Flights To Addis Ababa - Travel Wide Flights
The cheap flights to Addis Ababa will be the ultimate blog that will going to help you in the highly effective manner while offering.......
http://www.travelwideflightsuk.co.uk/
Things you will love to do in Gondar, Ethiopia - TravelWithKatchie
Things you will love to do in Gondar, Ethiopia - TravelWithKatchie
http://www.travelwithkatchie.com/
Football & Soccer News, Transfers, Rumours, Video & more - Tribal Football Football & Soccer News, Transfers, Rumours, Video & more - Tribal Football
24/7 breaking football news from around the globe - Get all the latest football news, transfers, rumours, video and much more from Tribal Football.
http://www.tribalfootball.com/
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http://www.tridindia.com/
Trio Craft - ?Handmade for You Trio Craft - ?Handmade for You
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http://www.triocraftethiopia.com/
Ethio Travel and Tours (Addis Ababa) - 2019 Qué saber antes de ir - Lo más comentado por la gente - TripAdvisor Ethio Travel and Tours (Addis Ababa) - 2019 Qué saber antes de ir - Lo más comentado por la gente - TripAdvisor
Reserva Ethio Travel and Tours, Addis Ababa en TripAdvisor: Consulta 615 opiniones, artículos, y 314 fotos de Ethio Travel and Tours, clasificada en TripAdvisor en el N.°5 de 200 atracciones en Addis Ababa.
http://www.tripadvisor.com.ar/
Addis Mercato (Addis Ababa) : 2019 Ce qu'il faut savoir pour votre visite - TripAdvisor Addis Mercato (Addis Ababa) : 2019 Ce qu'il faut savoir pour votre visite - TripAdvisor
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http://www.tripadvisor.com/
LAS 15 MEJORES cosas que hacer en Addis Ababa: actualizado 2019 - Lo más comentado por la gente - TripAdvisor LAS 15 MEJORES cosas que hacer en Addis Ababa: actualizado 2019 - Lo más comentado por la gente - TripAdvisor
Reserva los mejores atracciones en Addis Ababa, Etiopía en TripAdvisor: Descubre 12.210 opiniones de viajeros y fotos de 58 cosas que puedes hacer en Addis Ababa.
http://www.tripadvisor.es/
LES 10 MEILLEURS hôtels à Addis Ababa en 2019 dès 17€ - TripAdvisor LES 10 MEILLEURS hôtels à Addis Ababa en 2019 dès 17€ - TripAdvisor
Réserver les meilleurs hôtels à Addis Ababa sur TripAdvisor : consultez 7 692 avis de voyageurs, 4 231 photos, les meilleures offres et comparez les prix pour 592 hôtels à Addis Ababa, Ethiopie.
http://www.tripadvisor.fr/
Clubes e Discotecas em Adis Abeba: confira Clubes e Discotecas em Adis Abeba - TripAdvisor Clubes e Discotecas em Adis Abeba: confira Clubes e Discotecas em Adis Abeba - TripAdvisor
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http://www.tripadvisor.pt/
Addis Ababa: Health Addis Ababa: Health
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http://www.triposo.com/
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http://www.tvsc.co.za/
Ukexportnews.co.uk Ukexportnews.co.uk
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Muslim Names - Arabic Names - Urdu Names - Baby Names - Boys Names - Girls Names - Names Meanings - Urdu Meanings of Names - Page 3200 Muslim Names - Arabic Names - Urdu Names - Baby Names - Boys Names - Girls Names - Names Meanings - Urdu Meanings of Names - Page 3200
UrduEngilshDictionary.org - Online Urdu Engilsh Dictionary, Web Directory, Urdu to English Dictionary, Urdu to English Lughat
http://www.urduenglishdictionary.org/
Denke Gergely: Csehország 2005 - Útikalauz Denke Gergely: Csehország 2005 - Útikalauz
Dr. Denke Gergely: Csehország - 2005 Tizenkét nap száguldás Csehország 41 településén, szebbnél szebb román, gótikus és reneszánsz stílusú muemlékek között - sok-sok építészeti és turisztikai háttérinformációvalHelfstyn, Sternberk, Olomouc, Litomysl, Hradec Králové, Pardubice, Kutná Hora, Caslav, Kolín, Krivoklát, Konepruské, Karlstejn, Libis, Melnik, Kokorin, Bezdez, Nymburk, Cesky Sternberk, Konopiste, Tábor, Prága, Bechyné, Ceské Budejovice, Cesky Krumlov, Rozmberk nad Vltavou, Vyssi Brod, Trebon, Telc, Trebic, Velka Bites, Tisnov-Predklasteri, Jihlava, Zvíkov, Blatná, Strakonice, Rabí, Pisek, Milevsko, Sobeslav, Cervena Lhota, Jindrichuv Hradec, Znojmo, Brno Ebben az évben a valaha volt Osztrák-Magyar Monarchia területén maradtunk, és Cseh- Morvaország tájait vettük célba. Az elokészítés aprólékos, sok mindenre kiterjedo volt, így a megismerhetoség határait földrajzilag és idobelileg is meghúztuk, természetesen a minket érdeklo muvészeti korok terén is - vagyis a reneszánsszal bezárólag kerültek górcso alá.A csehek a turizmust igen jól csinálják, remek propaganda-anyagokat találtam már a 2004-es Utazás Kiállításon is, és a 2005-ösön pedig kifejezetten kerestem ezeket. Igaz, ekkorra már az út váza készen volt, de újabb átgondolásra késztetett, többnyire megerosítve az elképzeléseimet, de néhol újabb helyeket tett fel a térképünkre. Így sikerült a 12 napra tervezett utat sok-sok látnivalóra felfuzni, a korábbi évek gyakorlatának megfelelo taktikával. Vagyis várak, városok, templomok és egy cseppkobarlang várt ránk: szám-szeruen - várak, kastélyok, romok száma 29, a belülrol is látott templomoké 46 - ebbol 43 gótikus és régebbi, a csak kívülrol látott templomok száma 32 - ebbol 27 gótikus és régebbi. A szállások jók voltak, bár az elso az egyszeruség alsó határán mozgott. Huto nem volt egyik helyen sem, ez egy tanulságos helyzet volt. A szállást egy szlovák utazási irodán - Satur - keresztül intéztük, napi 15.500Ft volt éjszakánként - reggelivel együtt - összesen négyünknek. A második helyen a szoba és a reggeli is jobb volt, ezt a helyet bátran ajánljuk mindenkinek: Novy dvur - Tyn nad Vltavou-tól északra, Hosty falu mellett pár km-rel - www.novydvursro.cz . Prágától délre van kb. 120 km-re, vagyis innen a dél-csehországi célpontok jól bejárhatók. Ok "rekreációs központ"-nak nevezték, én "reaktivációs"-nak, mert innen úgy 15 km-re van a temelini atomeromu - az egyik fobb út párszáz méterre megy el a hutotornyoktól. A reggeli svédasztalos volt, és lehet ebédet és vacsorát is elofizetni. Van itt 28 szoba, camping, étterem, sörözo és többféle sportpálya. A Luznice folyó kanyarulatában van - a Moldvába beömlés elott közvetlenül-, a horgászok álma egy ilyen hely. Voltak is ott többen. Az út hossza 3.872 km volt, ami szintén a tervezettnek megfelelo, a Kolínban levo illetve Tyn nad Vltavou melletti szállásról barangoltuk be a területet csillagtúrával. Az utak jobb állapotúak a hazaiaknál, igaz, a sztráda viszont a régi M7-esnek megfeleloen zötykölodos - bár a sztrádákon nem túl sokat mentünk. Az élelmiszer hasonló árban van, mint itthon, ott is vannak a nagy nemzetközi hálózatoknak üzletei, pl. Interspar, Billa, Lidl - ezekben vásároltunk. Az viszont feltuno volt, hogy a pizzériák, éttermek árai barátságosabbak a hazaiaknál. Igaz, mi ezekbol túl sokat nem tettünk próbára, csak amit a gyerekek megesznek, olyanra mentünk be - pizza, McDonald's, KFC. Egyébként magyar termékek is voltak szép számmal, kolbászok, szalámik. Többször vettünk - amikor meleg volt - jégkrémet, fagyit, ezek is elég jók voltak, bár különbségek azért voltak. Kaptunk egy friss, ottani kiadású térképet tavasszal, azt nagy haszonnal forgattuk. Nagyobb eltévedés így nem volt, mindössze egyszer kerültünk kb. 20 km-t, és egy-két esetben fordultunk. Most a városokból való kimenetekkel nem voltak akkora gondjaink, több szerencsénk volt, mint szokott lenni. Igaz, hogy Prága belso részébe nem mentünk be autóval, a városba bevezeto úton csak egy villamos végállomás melletti lakótelepig mentünk, ott tudtuk hagyni - parkolási díj nélkül - egész napra nyugodtan.Tankolni minden gond nélkül tudtunk, az utolsót kivéve - amikor is a maradék készpénzt költöttük el - mindig bankkártyával fizettünk, dombornyomásúval. Ez az átváltás szempontjából is jó volt, én még 8,70-ért vettem a készpénz koronát, és 8,30 volt a legmagasabb, amit a bankkártyás átváltáskor számítottak. A bankkártya-elfogadás elterjedtsége ugyanolyan, mint itthon, vagyis jól lehet támaszkodni rá a nagyobb boltokban, de a múzeumokban ritkán. Azért vittünk készpénzt is rendesen. A belépok igen változatosak, és nem lehet korrelációt felfedezni a belépodíj nagysága és a látnivaló nagyszeru-sége között. A "pálmát" a prágai zsidó múzeum vitte el családi szinten 1.680 koronával, vagyis 14.500 Ft-tal, amelyet két részre osztottak - az egyik fele a Régiúj zsinagóga gótikus épülete, a másik fele a régi temeto és a többi zsinagóga és zsidó emlék - vagyis a két valóban szenzációt ketté vették, és ha mindenhova veszel jegyet, akkor sincs kedvezmény, egyszeruen összeadták a két rész árát.Az ellentétes példánk Zvíkov vára, amelybe 150 koronáért mehettünk be, és ami egy fantasztikus, részben romos vár. A belso turizmusuk igen nagy, pl. Zvíkovba a nyitáskor érkeztünk, a miénk volt a 8. autó, amikor eljöttünk kb. 100 volt és szinte kivétel nélkül cseh rendszámúak voltak. De ezt tapasztaltuk máshol is, a nem prágai felkapott helyeket, meg Kutna Horát kivéve. Magyar nyelvu füzet, leírás egy helyen volt, de az is nagyon rossz fordítás, valószínuleg szótárgéppel ferdítették - nem is lehetett minden mondatát megérteni. Francia nyelvu prospektus több helyen volt, de igazából csak az angol/német nyelvueket lehet biztosra venni. Sajnos pl. Zvíkovban nem volt semmilyen füzet, pedig arról nagyon szerettünk volna venni. Az bevett dolog, hogy egy kb. 2 óra alatt megnézheto várhoz parkolásnál napijegyet kell megvenni, ami 20-50 korona között van. Ezt egyszerubb a belépojegy részének tekinteni, mert egyébként bosszantó. Csehországban a természeti szépségekbol is boven van, mi ezeket csak a cseppkobarlangban és néhány megálláskor csodáltuk, no meg a Moldva (Vltava) felso, déli szakaszán irígykedtem a vízitúrázókra. Itt volt egy olyan 20-25 km-es rész, ahol többen voltak a folyón, mint az úton. A várak tornyaiból is gyönyöru kilátás volt a környékükre. Ennyi bevezeto után itt a megvalósult út menetrendje, majd pedig a részletes leírás. A cseh ékezeteket nem használom, bajos lenne, ezért elore is elnézést kérek. Július 26. kedd: Helfstyn; Sternberk; Olomouc; LitomyslJúlius 27. szerda: Hradec Králové; Pardubice; Kutná Hora; Caslav; KolínJúlius 28. csütörtök: Krivoklát; Konepruské; KarlstejnJúlius 29. péntek: Libis; Melnik; Kokorin; Bezdez; NymburkJúlius 30. szombat: Cesky Sternberk; Konopiste; TáborJúlius 31. vasárnap: PrágaAugusztus 1. hétfo: Prága; BechynéAugusztus 2. kedd: Ceské Budejovice; Cesky Krumlov; Rozmberk nad Vltavou; Vyssi Brod; TrebonAugsztus 3. szerda: Telc; Trebic; Velka Bites; Tisnov-Predklasteri; JihlavaAugusztus 4. csütörtök: Zvíkov; Blatná; Strakonice; Rabí; PisekAugusztus 5. péntek: Milevsko; Sobeslav; Cervena Lhota; Jindrichuv HradecAugusztus 6. szombat: Znojmo, Brno A terveknek megfeleloen reggel 6-kor már gurultunk Gyorben, így a gyors két határral együtt negyed tízkor már leparkoltunk az Olomouc melletti Helfstyn morva vára parkolójában - 500 méterre a vár bejáratától, szintben pedig úgy 30 méterrel alatta. A hegy tetejétol lefelé építették a XIV. századtól kezdodoen, 3 udvarral, van, ahol közöttük árokkal - a mai romvár megorizte régi jellegét. Egy-két kisebb tornyában, alsó épületében van kiállítás, de az is képzomuvészeti. A belso vár épületegyüttese romosságá-ban is igen tetszetos, teto nincsen, de két szintnyi falak vannak, jó kamara méretu részek a termekbol nyári eloadásokhoz. A belso vár egyik bástyáját kilátótoronynak fabrikálták - fából lépcsot és kilátóhelyet csináltak belülrol, ahonnan jó kilátás nyílt a vár udvaraira és a környékre is. A második Sternberk vára volt, a könyv szerint a morva várak öcsikéje. Ez annyira igaz, hogy alig találtuk meg, beleveszett a városka egyébként is dimbes-dombos környezetébe. Harmadik nekifutásra aztán csak meglett a XIII. század második felében elkezdett váracska. Ahova be lehetett menni ingyen, azt meg-néztük, de az órakiállítást nem nagyon akartuk, így a külso szépségekkel megelégedtünk. Alapvetoen szép reneszánsz épület a mai múzeum, de vannak gótikus részei is - pl. a kápolna. Olomoucban (Olmütz) kis keresgélés után az óváros szélén csak sikerült találni egy ingyenes parkolóhe-lyet, és még árnyékos is volt. Ahogy mentünk "torony eránt", egy részben magyar nyelvu emléktáblára lettünk figyelmesek: Bolyai János, a matematikus itt szolgált tisztként. Elsoként a Szent Vencel katedrálist néztük meg, amely oda-vissza gótikus, ami azt jelenti, hogy az eredetileg románnak indult bazilikát gótizálták a XIII. században, majd barokkizálták, s végül a XIX. században kapta vissza - valószínuleg nem teljesen - a gótikus mivoltát. A berendezés így is eléggé barokk, gazdagon faragott padsorai, a két Premysl-házi király síremlékével együtt azért nem rossz. A Premysl-ház a mi Árpád-házunknak felel meg, a kihalásuk is szinte azonos évre esik - bocsánat, ha tudja mindenki. Az altemplomban van egy kicsi, de jó kiállítás, gótikus faszobrokkal és barokk kegytárgyakkal - az elobbiek jobban tetszettek. A Káptalan utca reneszánsz, és foleg barokk házai, palotái ismeros hangulatot árasztottak, Egerben éreztem magamat a Kossuth utcán. A fotér közepén álló Városháza sorsa nagyjából megegyezik a katedráliséval, azzal a különbséggel, hogy itt a barokkosításon kívül a reneszánsz részek igen hangsúlyosak. Mindennel együtt nekem nagyon tetszett az épület, az udvarába beengedtek egy fotó erejéig, de a termekbe sajnos nem lehet bemenni - most hivatal. Az óratorony nem rossz, de nekem a reneszánsz loggiák és lépcso volt a kedvencem. A téren van a Világörökség részét képezo Szentháromság-oszlop barokk szoboralkotása - óriási méretu, sok szoborral, természetesen aranyozva. Vigyáznak rá nagyon, a körben futó vastag vasláncra leült egy kisgyerek, de jöttek is pár percen belül a rendorök letessékelni!A fotérhez igen közel van a Szent Móric-templom. Két, különbözo formájú, erodszeru csonkatornya robosztus külsot ad neki, de belépve a gótika könnyedsége elvarázsolt. Híres orgonája van, de nem hallottuk - egy Cesar Franck CD-t vettünk itt a magyarul is tudó or bácsinál - a magyarul tudóval való találkozás az egyetlen volt egész utunk során. A bordák az errefelé nem ritka erosebb rózsaszínnel voltak kiemelve, és még némi freskó is maradt a régi idokbol. Nagy barokk orgonaszekrényben van a hangszer, de a szószék (valószínuleg neo)gótikus.A templomból kilépve egy másik gótikus templomból is lehetett valamit látni, amirol viszont semmit sem írt a könyvünk, nem is említette. Ez dominikánus templom, a hajója klasszikusan gótikus, azonban itt találkoztunk eloször a szintén gótikus, de óriási méretu, látványtömegu és magas tetovel a hajó felett. Óriási élmény volt, azzal együtt, hogy csak a belépobe lehetett lenni, vagyis "kukucska" helyzet volt. De amit látott az ember ezen a szuk keresztmetszeten is, az gyönyöru volt - jelentos méretu freskótöredékekkel, tiszta gótikával. A nap utolsó néznivalója Litomysl városa volt, ami szintén a Világörökség része. Remek kisváros. Egy gótikus templom mellett parkoltunk, amelynek a sekrestyéje vagy kápolnája talán még érdekesebb és szebb volt, mint maga a fohajó - tisztább ívek a boltozaton, freskórészletek a falakon, sot egy dombormu is. A templomhoz hozzáépített épületszárny alatt vezet át egy utca, hasonló, mint amilyet Rostockban láttunk. E templom mellett van egy kolostor, templommal, de ez most kiállítóhely. A kertje egy szabadtéri szoborpark, kellemes vizes medencékkel, jópofa alkotásokkal, nagy zöld felületekkel. Sok gyerek és fiatal volt ott, nagyon belakták. Ezt követoen mentünk a kastélyhoz. Sajnos a régi serfozdét, amelyben Smetana született, éppen renoválták, és teljesen beborította az állvány és a védofonat - vagyis semmit nem lehetett az épületbol látni.A kastély egy igen jellegzetes, emblematikus és méltán híres reneszánsz épület - egy régi várból átépítve. Monumentális, mégis könnyed, vidám hatása van. A XVI. század második felében építették át, van benne minden, ami egy ilyen épületben kell, sajnos épp zártak, amikor odaértünk. A falakat kívülrol sgraffitó díszíti mindenütt. Ez a reneszánsz korban igen kedvelt technika volt, a falat egy alapvakolattal látták el, majd egy másik színuvel újabb réteget hordtak fel. Ezt követoen a felso réteg levakarásával mintákat, rajzolatokat készítettek - a két színt így használták. Ezzel a technikával rengetegszer találkoztunk Csehország minden részén, változatos díszítéseket készítettek az egyébként sima falakra - néhol párkányzatokat, máshol grafikus rajzokat, óriási képeket, borduröket. Az épület földszint + két emelet magas, szép árkádsorral a folyosókon, amelyek közül egy a homlokzaton is díszül szolgál. A kápolna ablakai gótikusak, de az egész hihetetlen harmóniában van a reneszánsz stílussal. Van még több kiszolgáló épület is, amelyeket szintén felújítottak az utóbbi években. A kastély parkja egy szabadtéri színházban végzodik, ezt csak a kastélytól néztük. A közelben volt még a Vörös torony, amely szintén a középkori épületek egyike. Egy fedett lépcson leereszkedtünk a fotér felé, útközben még egy apró gótikus templomot körbejártunk - sajnos ez is zárva volt, pedig szép, tiszta vonalai voltak. A fotér lábas házak sorával, és egy reneszánsz városháztoronnyal dicsekedhet. Körbejártunk, kellemes hely - a lábas házak alatt mindenütt üzletek, kávézók vannak, s természetesen információs iroda. Egy szép tornyot is láttunk még, de ellenfényben csak az - egyébként nekem nagyon tetszo - sziluettjét. Ezt követoen már a Kolínban levo szállásunkra igyekeztünk, innen azért még jó másfél órát kellett menni. Hála az interneten talált nagyon részletes cseh térképnek, teljesen pontosan tudtuk, hova kell mennünk, így csak a kinyomtatott részletes térképen be kellett azonosítanunk magunkat. Mivel a fotér egyik oldalának túlsó oldalán volt az utca, ahova mentünk, így a városcentrum irányt kellett csak tartani, no meg a forgalom elol elzárt területet megfeleloen kikerülni. Mindez jól sikerült, és hamarosan el is foglalhattuk a szlumosodott utca hasonló, sörözo/étterem feletti szobáinak egyikét. Tiszta, kicsit kopott négyágyas szobánk ezzel együtt jó volt, de mint a bevezetoben jeleztem, az alsó határát súrolta a megfeleloségnek.Még lefekvés elott sétáltunk egyet, az itteni fotér azon ritka kivétel volt, ahol még nem újítottak fel mindent. Természetesen itt is van sgraffitós épület. Itt is egy méretes gótikus templom van, amelynek három tornya van, a harmadikat azért építették, hogy a hatalmas harangot elbírja. Fantasztikus épület, késobb egy vecsernye elotti pillanatokban sikerült belülrol is megnéznünk. Különleges abban a tekintetben, hogy csak az egyik oldaláról lehet látni, mert a többi vagy be van építve, vagy pedig kerítéssel lezárva. Egyébként ezen a templomon is dolgozott az egyik Parler, aki a prágai Szent Vituson is dolgozott. Nekem az érkezéskori pirosas lemeno napfényben tetszett legjobban az épület, szinte fajelleguvé varázsolta a követ. A következo napot a régi Königgraetzben, a mai Hradec Královéban kezdtük. Jókor reggel sikerült még egy ingyenes parkolót találni az óváros szélén, az Elba partján - itt folyik bele egyébként az Orlice nevu folyó - e két folyó közötti magaslaton van az óváros. A fotér egy háromszög alakú régi tér, oldalán több-nyire lábasházakkal. A legrövidebb oldalának két meghatározó épülete a XVI. századi reneszánsz Óvárosháza - amit azóta azért alakítgattak, de így is tetszett, valamint a Szentlélek-katedrális. 1307-ben épült tégla, koragótikus stílusban. A két tornya impozáns, ezekhez képest a templom kicsi. Sajnos itt is csak a "kukucska" helyzet volt, vagyis a gyönyöru gótikus boltozatból csak ízelítot kaphattunk. A boltozati kazettákban címerek voltak, szépen látszanak, ha a fényképet felnagyítom a számítógépen. A Fotérrol régi lépcsosoron mentünk le az Orlice partjára, ahol egy parkban egy XVIII. század elejérol való szlová-kiai fatemplom van, és itt a mókusok is szinte szelídek - nagy sikerük volt a lányoknál. Következett Pardubice. Egyébként itt nem volt könnyu az óvárost megtalálni, mert nem emelkedett ki a modern épületek közül, csak akkor látszott, amikor már odaértünk. Egyébként kellemes város, több jó épülettel. A Szent Bertalan késo gótikus templom, némi reneszánsz beütéssel, festése ornamentális díszítésu, de jóval késobbi. A szentély felol nagyon kecses. Ezt követoen a várkastélyt néztük meg, amely gótikus eredetu, de a reneszánsz külso és belso alatt ezt elég nehéz észrevenni. Kívül felújított sgraffitó díszítésu, belül pedig nem kevés feskórészlet maradt meg. A gazdagon díszített teremmennyezetek él-ményszámba mentek. Végül a kis utcákon a fotérre mentünk, amelyet szokásosan szép és rendbe tett házak öveznek. Itt van a Zöld-kapu is, amelynek erkélyérol remek kilátás lehet - sajnos épp déli szünetet tartottak, így errol le kellett mondanunk. A következo állomás Kutná Hora volt - szintén a Világörökség része. Eloször a ciszter templom akadt az utunkba, amely kívülrol gótikus, belülrol már kissé barokkizált - épp renoválás alatt áll, de legalább a munkálatok miatt be tudtunk nézni. Innen közel van a Csontkápolna, amelyben a renoválásokkal a barokkból az eredeti gótikus felé alakítgatták vissza az épületet. Az alsó részben kb. 200.000 csontvázból van sokféle, nekem borzalmas dolog, a csillártól kezdve a címeren át egyéb díszekig - csupa emberi csontból. Elborzasztó, még ha tudja is az ember, hogy a huszita háborúk, járványok miatt meghaltak csontjairól van szó, hogy kelloen fertotlenítették. Nem éreztem a méltóságot, csak a szinte perverz extremitást - persze mindenkinek megvan a joga a saját véleményéhez. A felso részben volt egy régi kicsi orgonakópia, jó lett volna megszólaltatni. A Koház következett, amely egy XV. század végi polgári ház, szép zárt loggiával, majd pedig ugyanebbol az idoszakból a Kokút - vagyis gótikus, kb. 10m átméroju, tizenkét szegletu kútház, amin szép díszek vannak faragva.Szerettük volna a XIV. századi Szent Jakab-templomot is megnézni, de sajnos nem volt nyitva, pedig a külseje tiszta vonalú volt. A templom mellett van az ún. Olasz-udvar, amely egy XIV. század eleji gótikus palota, persze késobb alakítgattak rajta, de reneszánsz stílusban, ami még azért nem nagy baj - most restaurálás alatt áll egy része, de az épület nagy része már készen van. Az épület belsejébe nem tudtunk bemenni, de az udvara mély benyomást tett rám, ahogy a régebbi boltozatokat, fülkéket láthatóvá tették. Az épület részben körüljárható, így számos szép részlet szolgált a szemnek "eledelül". Továbbmenve a Hradek (váracska) késogótikus épülete állított meg, amelyben most bányászati múzeum van - nem mentünk be, csak bekukkantottunk az udvarra. Szép szobafülkéi a gótika tipikus díszítési sémáit mutatták kívülrol, nyugodt harmóniát árasztva. Belül az ajtóbélletek tetszettek - ahogy a kiállításra beláttunk.Végül a nap csúcspontja következett: a Világörökség része, öthajós Szent Borbála-katedrális. Óriási gótikus alkotás, három óriási, sátor formájú tetoszerkezetével különleges kinézete van. Az egyik Parler kezdte építeni (prágai Szent Vitus), majd tanítványai folytatták. A fohajó feletti boltozat bordázata virágokat alkot, amelyekben címerek, egyéb freskók vannak, a szentély fölötti részen a bordázat hálózata lélegzetel-állító, és a csomópontokban faragott zárókövek díszítik, közben pedig minden mezoben címerek vannak. Egy heraldikus itt aztán kiélhetné magát. A szentély körül a fülkéknél legyezoszeru bordacsodákat ámulhattunk meg, s ezen a részen még az 1500-ból való freskók is virítanak. Szóval kívül-belül, elölrol-hátulról nagy kedvencem lett ez a templom. A nap végén még Cáslav, a cseh történelemben kétszer is szerepet játszott gótikus templomával. Tornya már messzirol utat mutatott, bár kissé becsapós volt, hogy egy neogót templom is van, amely igencsak hasonlít a régihez - ez a protestáns régi templom, mert van egy még újabb - kissé szocreál. A gótikus templomba úgy jutottunk be, hogy két hölgy rendezte a templomot, s ok nyitották ki nekünk az ajtót. Sajnos nem engedtek videózni - bár sem képeslap, sem másféle anyag nem volt kapható a templomról. Egyébként egy szép, néhol megmaradt freskókkal rendelkezo templom, amelynek reneszánsz a szószéke, és néhány külso része.A folyó felé még városfalrészek is vannak, többféle formájú bástyákkal - romos állapotban. A protestáns ingatlanok sora következett, a régebbi, úgy 100 éves neogót templom; az új szocreál templom, majd a régi protestáns iskola - Komenskyrol, vagyis Comeniusról elnevezve, amirol régi emléktábla is van. Az épület egyébként egy kétemeletes, tipikusan a szocializmus alatt tönkrement, valaha igényesen megépített épület, amit teljesen fel kellene építeni. Most többcélú pedagógiai intézményként hasznosítják az épület alsó részét. Az újabb napon Krivoklát várába mentünk. Prágától nyugatra van ez a vár, úgy 40 km-re, így eléggé felkapott (lehet bankkártyával is fizetni, ami az ilyen helyeken ritkaság). A XIII. században kialakult a mai formája, bár kétszer a tuzvész után kellett újjáépíteni. Alapvetoen egy nagy udvara van, ehhez az épületek között még továbbiak is csatlakoznak. Román és gótikus stílus a jellemzo rá, némi reneszánsz felhanggal; csak vezetéssel látogatható, mai nagy idoveszteséget jelent. Sajnos nem mutatnak meg mindent, pl. a könyvtárat sem, és az egyik nagyobb terem is házasságköto terem - itt is nagy divat történelmi helyen tartani az esküvot -; amikor vártunk, akkor kezdodött egy ilyen esemény. A nagyterem falán sokévszázados gyermekrajzok is láthatók voltak, ami érdekes lelet. Ekkor még kánikula volt, így a megváltozott útirányban egy husíto célpontot kerestem - a Koneprusy cseppkobarlangot. Ez egy kb. háromnegyed óra alatt bejárható, háromszintes kisebb cseppkobarlang, amit réges-régen pár évig egy pénzhamisító banda muhelyül is használt. Szép kövek voltak, meg egyálta-lán jó dolog egy cseppkobarlangban a rekkeno hoségben sétálni. Utána nem is esett jól újra a hoségben folytatni az utat. De rövid autózás után ott állt elottünk a Világörökség része címre pályázó Karlstejn vára. A parkolás lent a völgyben van, s innen eléggé hosszan kell felfelé kapaszkodni - mindkét oldalon üzletecskék sora között. Minden második üveg-, kristály- és féldrágako díszeket árul - ezt mi sem hagytuk ki a végén, egy nyaklánc erejéig. Sajnos itt is a vezetéses metódus van. A cseh nemzeti állam megalapítóját, IV. Károlyt emlegették folyamatosan, tény, hogy ez a fénykoruk - XIV. század. A könyvhöz képest vagy nem mutatnak meg már mindent, vagy kissé felüldicsérték a helyet. Így is szép, de én a kápolnára nem emlékszem, mint fantasztikus helyre. Vannak régi freskórészletek, van két kb. 1x1 méteres alapvetoen keresztet formázó díszítésu aranykép - a háttere pedig sötét színu féldrágako, amely kiadja a mintát. Volt itt egy olyan akció, amely nem tetszett túlzottan - egy pár perces tételt játszott egy vélhetoen foiskolás vonósnégyes, és utána várták az adományokat. Kicsit furcsa volt az egész, pedig szeretem a zenét is. Egyébként nem ját-szottak rosszul. Kívülrol különben látványosabb az épület - pedig régen ez királyi vár volt, vagyis belülrol is gazdag lehetett. Ezzel a kis fanyalgással együtt is kihagyhatatlan, már csak a Prágához való közelsége okán is. A másnapot Prágától északra terveztük. Az elso állomás Libis lett - Neratovice északi része - ahol az evangélikus templomban magyar nyelvu felirat is van - mi nem jutottunk be megnézni. Ennek oka, hogy a türelmi rendelet után protestáns lelkészeket kértek a cseh testvérek, és több mit nyolcvanan mentek Magyarországról, foleg avangélikusok. A városban elterelés volt, így azt sem tudtam, merre vagyunk pontosan, csak az érzék vitt elore. Aztán próbáltunk templomtornyot keresni, de az nem volt sehol, aztán épp a jó utcába fordultam be - egy torony nélküli kis templom volt, amit keresnünk kellett. A templom-kertben két magyar származású lelkész sírja is van (Molnár és Tardy) -, amelyeket a temlomkertkapuból látni lehetett, ami egyértelmuvé tette, hogy jó helyen vagyunk. Melnik városa ismét több látnivalót nyújtott. A Péter-Pál-templom román indítású gótikus épület, tornyának sisakja már reneszánsz. Gótikus boltozata teljes, a kazettákban a szentélyben freskók, a hajóban ornamentális díszítés van. A szentély alatti altemplomban csontkamra van, 10-22 ezer ember csontjai van-nak itt - ez sokkal kisebb és a borzalmasságával együtt is elfogadhatóbb, mint a Kutna Hora-i volt. A koponyákból az Ecce mors - "Íme a halál!" feliratot rakták ki. Csehországban egyébként 30 csontkamra van - a könyv szerint. A templom mellett van a foleg reneszánsz várkastély, amelyet a tulajdonosok visz-szakaptak, és így magánmúzeum. Nem is olcsó, és azért nem is olyan nagy szám. Foleg a XIX. századi dolgok dominálnak, elotte néhány barokk bútor volt csak. Maga az épület remek, sgraffitós falakkal, loggiával, napórával. Az a része tetszett, amelyben régi nagy metszetek voltak Európa híres városairól. Foleg azokat volt jó nézegetni, amelyekben jártunk már, és a régi és a mostani képét gondolatban összevetni. Az étterem falán is sgraffito díszítés volt a rövidebb oldalakon, a mennyezet gerendázata és borítása festett mintás díszítésu. A kápolnában volt egy-két nagyon szép részlet és egy csodás gótikus fa corpus.A város fotere a szokásos gótikus és reneszánsz lábasházakkal, néhol a vakolat alól kibontott régi boltozatokkal, ablak- és ajtókeretekkel. A fotér alatti részen vannak városfalmaradványok is, de ezek nem túl jelentosek. Egy XVI. századi városkapu, a Prágai-kapu megmaradt, emblematikus épülete Melniknek. Van még egy Szent Ludmilla-kápolna fából, de annak a kora meghatározhatatlan - valószínu, hogy nem olyan régi. Egyébként Szent Ludmilla Szent Vencel (Szent Istvánnak megfelelo) nagyanyja volt. Innen Kokorin várát vettük célba. Természetvédelmi terület közepén fekszik, egy folyócska - több helyen duzzasztott tavacskával - mentén poroszkáltunk, aztán egy szokásos parkolóból vezetett fel a gyalogút egy szikla tetejére, a várba. Ez a 20-30 perc gyönyöru volt, nemcsak a dús növényzet, hanem a sziklák formája, színei, darabolódásuk, stb. Volt, ami úgy nézett ki, mint egy hatalmas méhkaptár. A fák élniakarása is csodálatos, ahogy ezen a sziklás talajon minden kis földrögöt megfognak, fölhasználnak. Volt, ahol két szikla közötti arasznyi résben nott fel 3 métert is egy fa. Az út fölött összeértek a fák koronái, így délben is csupa nedvesség volt az út, pedig kánikula volt. Az 1320-ban épült vár a XIX. század-ban már igencsak romos állapotban volt, bár még akkor is elbuvölo és sokat sejteto volt. Ebbol az állapotból álmodták újra, ami nem sikerült rosszul, de azért csak nem eredeti. A tornyából jó kilátás nyílik a vár többi részére. Itt is vezetéssel mehettünk be. A kiállítás kicsit csalódás volt, romantikus újjáálmodás az egész. Elindultunk a következo úticél felé: Bezdez vára már messzirol látszik, ahogy egy magas hegy tetején csábítóan - régen fenyegetoen - vár a látogatókra. Csodálatos látvány a gerincen lenyúló, keskeny, több udvaros, romos vár. Ez egy fantasztikus, XIII. század végén épült gótikus vár, amelyhez az utolsó 2-3 km-t gyalog lehet csak megtenni, részint aszfalton, de jobbára erdei úton. Az utolsó 800 métert köveken kell felfelé kapaszkodni, igen meredek, ide autóval nem is lehet felmenni - nem lennék az építok, felújítók helyében. A végén ráfordulunk a hosszú várudvarra. Az elso épület az apró gótikus kápolna. Aprósága inkább elonyére szolgál, közvetlen közelrol nézheti az ember a régi mesterek keze munkáját, a hihetetlen harmóniát közvetíto kocsipkéket. Az oltár helyén lévo lekopott szikladarab is olyan helyénvalónak ítélte-tik általam, így az itteni teljességet nézhetjük, nem zavar semmi. A fényképezogép látószögének persze kicsi a hely, az erkélyrészre nem lehet felmenni - onnan lenne ideális a fényképezés. Az ablakok két sor-ban vannak, egy sor a külso falon, egy pedig egy belso falon. Alul ülofülkék teszik gyakorlatiassá a lát-ványt. A kápolna folytatásában a vár foépülete van, amelynek a belso födémei hiányoznak, így a két szint minden megmaradt szépsége egyben látszik termenként - jobban mondva szobánként. A legszebb részle-tek, ahol a régi boltozatok falból indításai kezdodnek, ahol meg még egyéb is van, pl. kandalló maradvá-nya, az már egészen varázslatos. Van olyan épület is, amelynek nincsen teteje, és van olyan is, amelyet helyreállítottak teljesen - most kiállítóterem. Jó volt felmászni a kerektoronyba, s visszanézni az alul levo épületekre, és a gerincen leszaladó védmuvekre. Visszafelé még rávettem a családot arra, hogy, ha már útba esik, menjünk be Nymburk városába, egy kis körre. A templom mellet parkoltunk le, mert a fotér zsúfolt volt. A XIII. századi gótikus téglatemplom inkább a tégla miatt számít érdekességnek errefelé, bár a tornya kobol van. Belülrol is letisztult gótikát mutat, freskókkal a bordázat kazettáiban. Az ablakok felso részének kodíszítése ablakról ablakra más és más, szóval volt fantáziájuk az építoknek. Ide közel van egy igen épen megmaradt városfalrész, vagy öt tornyocskával, az Elba partjára megy le ez az erodítés. A fotéren volt még egy nagyon szép lábazatú reneszánsz régi városháza épület, de ezt a forgalom miatt nem vettük észre, csak az utolsó pillanatban, az autóból. Reggel korán elindultunk, így még korán is odaértünk Cesky Sternberk várához. Ez is egy magas sziklán épült vár, amelyet a tatárok elleni védekezésül kezdtek el építeni. Mivel semmilyen érdemi támadás nem érte, teljes pompájában megtekintheto ma is - vezetéssel. 1949-ig birtokolta a család, így a technikai fejlodés vívmányai az összképet "kelloen" árnyalják. Ennek megfeleloen gyakorlatilag a XVIII. század második felébol van a legrégebbi berendezési tárgy, inkább még késobbiek. Ami végülis teljesen értheto, ha ott lakik az ember - turistaként mást tartok érdekesebbnek. Szóval nekem nem nagyon tetszett, annak ellenére, hogy a nagyteremben két magyar címer is van, amely a Sternberk család Mátyás királlyal való rokoni kapcsolatát jelképezi - ami inkább sógorság volt. Van egy alsóvárnak is nevezheto alsó udvara, ebben kis franciakertet építettek. A vár udvarán sólymok, sasok, baglyok vannak kikötve, a turisták is részt vehetnek a bemutatókban - a kezükre ülteti a madarász az állatokat- persze vastag madarászkesztyuben. Sokan éltek ezzel a lehetoséggel, buzgón fényképeztették magukat. Következett Konopiste vára - itt is a völgyben volt a parkoló és párszáz méteres séta vezetett a dombon levo várkastélyhoz. Egy XIV. századi várat építettek át többször is, amely így egy kényelmes kastéllyá vált - alapvetoen tetszetos, reneszánsz külsovel. Leghíresebb tulajdonosa Ferenc Ferdinánd volt, aki sok idot töltött itt, tárgyalásokat is folytatott itt. A régi fobejárat vizesárkában most medvék vannak - a látogatók nagy örömére. Maga a vár teljesen rendbe van téve, és a hírverés is igencsak megfelelo körülötte - szóval nagy a tömeg. Van egy alsóépület vagy lehet hogy pincebejárat, netán családi kripta, amelynek a falán több régi sírko és egyéb márványemléktábla van - szépek. Mivel fegyver-, trófea-, porcelán- és szoborgyujteményt írt a könyv, így a belso megtekintéstol elálltunk - valószínuleg nem is lett volna olcsó a belépo, de már azt sem néztük meg. Ameddig lehetett, bementünk, vagyis a belso udvarra is, amely igencsak lejtos, így nem lehet egyébre használni a teret, mint várakozásra - hangversenyre, színházra nem. Épp ekkor játszott az egyik sarkot - késobbi építésu - negyedkörösen lezáró erkélyes "negyedtorony" erkélyérol négy kürtös vadászdallamokat. A kastélynak óriási a parkja, van, ahol madarászprogramra invitáltak, volt, ahol halásztanyára - mert kisebb tó is van a park szélén, és egy szép üvegházat is meg lehet nézni trópusi növényekkel. Mi az ingyenes programot választottuk, sétáltunk egy kicsit a parkban és a rózsakertben. Itt barokk szobrok is voltak, a kor szokásának megfeleloen és négy "mini obeliszk", ami minden valószínuség szerint utánzat - 4-5 méter magasak voltak.Tábor városa mint a husziták fellegvára, névadó helye nem maradhatott ki a programunkból. Nem is bántam meg, mert valóban remek kis hely. Az elso muemlék, ami utunkba került, az a Kotnov várának maradványa a henger alakú öregtoronnyal a XIII. századból és a vele egybeépített Bechynei-kapu. Ennek helyére sejtik a csehek a markomann fejedelmek székhelyét is, de ezzel nem foglalkozott a múzeum. A kiállított anyag helytörténeti, természetesen leginkább a huszita idokre fókuszálva. Szép kis anyag, eredeti régészeti leletek váltakoznak kiegészített leletekkel, vagy újra elkészített tárgyakkal - pl. egy gyönyöru cserépkályha nagyon tetszett - gótikus mintákból volt áttört díszítéssel az egész. A torony tetejébol szép kilátás nyílt az óvárosra. A kis óvárosi utcákon a fotérre baktattunk, amelynek szinte minden háza szemet gyönyörködteto. Természetesen itt van a késo gótikus plébániatemplom - oromdíszei már reneszánsz stílusban készültek el. Belülrol kissé vegyes a kép, bár a boltozatok szépek. A hajó "klasszikusan" gótikus, vagyis a bordák kobol vannak - ezzel szemben a szentélynél vakolt és fehérre festett mozgalmasabb késogótikus bordarendszer kápráztat el. Ez a megoldás rajzosabb, több fény-árnyék játékot mutató képet ad, a fehérségével együtt nagyon tetszett. A városháza épülete szintén gótikus épület - bár ma inkább reneszánsznak hat -, 1440-ben építették, különösen tornya emlékezetes - ezt a fajtát látjuk mindenütt az országban, a késobb szokásos csúcsban végzodo helyett ezeknél egy, a homlokzattal párhuzamos gerincben végzodo toronysisakkal találkozunk. A múzeumban az egyetlen igazi érdekesség a huszita szekér másolata - bár ez a kapulajban van, így akár belépojegy nélkül is megnézheto. A többi - a huszita mozgalommal foglalkozó terem - nem annyira érdekes, foleg, hogy minden másolat és reprint, esetleg nagyítás. A Panoráma keskeny sorozat 1983-as kiadásában szereplo "rendkívüli élmény" nekem nem jött be, bár ez csak a múzeum megnézése után derülhetett ki.Tábort már 1492-tol a Jordán nevu (természetesen a bibliai Jordánra utaló) mesterséges víztároló látta el vízzel, amely ma is létezik, egy vízesés energiáját használták fel már akkortájt a magasabb részek ellátásához és a ma is meglévo reneszánsz víztorony feltöltéséhez. Maga az épület egyszeru, de szép oromzati díszítésekkel rendelkezo sgraffitós díszítésu épület. A sgraffitóval bástyaszeruvé kívánták tenni, jól néz ki. A technikának nagyon szép grafikus képi megoldásait is láttuk az óvárosban a házakon, nagyon tetszett, mert igencsak feldobja az épületeket. A víztorony a régi városfal belso oldalán van, ezen a szakaszon többszáz méteren megmaradt a városfal, a kisebb kiszögellésekkel együtt - ma sétányok, játszóterek vannak itt. A vasárnap és a hétfo Prágára volt szánva, e két nap alatt kellett megnéznünk azt a rengeteg dolgot, amit kinéztem a könyvekbol, prospektusokból. A hétfoi nap itt is gondot okozott, de legalább volt, amit ekkor is meg lehetett nézni. Persze maradt olyan is, amit nem láttunk - pl. a Boldog Ágnes-kolostort belülrol, ami most Szépmuvészeti Múzeum. Igazából az Éhség fal elmulasztása a legbosszantóbb, mert az gyakorlatilag XIV. századi gótikus városfalmaradvány, és kb. 70 méterre voltunk a végétol, de amelyik könyv-bol alapvetoen dolgoztam, az a térképen nem jelölte, és említeni is csak teljesen felületesen, az apró betus részben. Persze itt volt a legszembetunobb a templomok egy részébe be nem jutás problémája - ebben ugye a protestáns templomok viszik a prímet, de a kisebb katolikus templomokkal is sokszor ez a helyzet, és a Psemysl-kori rotundákkkal (körtemplomokkal) meg még inkább - ezekben többnyire hetente egyszer miséznek.Prágában viszonylag kisebb területen összpontosulnak a muemlékek - ez azért a mi esetünkben tágabb kört jelentett - így semmiképpen nem akartam autóval bemenni a város belso részeire, már csak a parkolódíj miatt sem. Böngészgettem a térképeket, és a Prága térképen követve a Kolinból bevezeto 12-es utat, egy villamos-végállomásra találtam, ahonnan 3 vonal is indult, és mellette lakótelep látszott a térképen. Így volt a valóságban is, ennek megfeleloen a végállomástól 500 méterre tudtunk parkolni, házak között, nyugodtan, és még fizetni sem kellett. Mindkét nap ide jöttünk, mert innen kifelé is nagyon egyszeruen tudtunk menni, szóval semmi gond sem volt. A térképen a villamosok útvonalát követtem, és összevetve a mi menetünkkel, megfelelo köröket találtam mindkét napra, így végül elég volt fejenként 5 menetjegy- vagyis nem érte volna meg napijegyet venni. Vasárnap reggel átvillamosoztunk a városon a Kisoldalra, és a Petrin-hegy aljában szálltunk le róla - ekkor voltunk 70 m-re az Éhség-faltól. A Moldva felé indultunk el, és az elso említésre méltó épület a XIII. századi, koragótikus Szent-János templom volt. Tulajdonképpen román jellegu, de a szerkezete már könnyedebb, az ablakai még a román jelleget mutatják. Kicsike, 12 méternél nem hosszabb az egész. Az Ördögárokkal elválasztott Kampa-félsziget felé sétáltunk, majd vissza a Kisoldalra, barokk paloták - amelyek ma közintézmények, vagy nagykövetségi épületek - a Lánc-alatti Szuz Mária-templomhoz mentünk. A románkori templomból, kissé gótizált formában igazából csak a két tornya maradt meg, azok is töredékesen. Beljebb a templomot újjáépítették, de az mára teljesen barokk.A Károly-híd kisoldali hídfojéhez, a Hídtoronyhoz - ami ugyebár két, idoben is igencsak eltéro torony - jutottunk ki, és a Három strucc fogadó 1585-ös reneszánsz épületét is csak megtaláltuk - mert elsore a nagy tömeg miatt nem vettük észre. Eljutottunk a Kisoldali Városházához, amely azonban szerintem igencsak rondára van festve, hiába írja a könyv, hogy 1610-bol származó késoreneszánsz. A kapuja 1660-ból azonban szép. A lépcsokön felkapaszkodtunk a várhoz, de mielott bevettük volna magunkat, egy kis kört csináltunk - a Schwarzenberg-palota hátsó traktusa felé indulva a Városház-lépcson értünk fel a Várkerületi Városházhoz - egy 1596-ból származó sgraffitós címeres kis épülethez. Nagyon tetszett, és eddig még elviselheto volt a turista-suruség. Aztán ráfordultunk a Vár fobejáratára, a Mátyás-kapura. A Schwarzenberg-palota fohomlokzata tejesen fel volt állványozva, így csak elképzelni tudtuk, milyen szép is lehet, a hátsó traktus alapján. Na itt már irdatlan mennyiségben rajzottak az emberek. A bejáratnál TGM felirattal áll Masaryk szobra. A vár udvarán majd elsodorják az embert, annyian vannak, aztán csak elvergodünk a Szent Vitus-katedrálishoz. Sajnos ekkortájt kezdodött egy mise a szentélyben, ezért lezárták a szentély körüli részt - vagyis csak a neogót részben lehetett mászkálni, a régi helyekre csak meszszebbrol tudtunk benézni. Így nem láttuk a Zsigmond-kápolnát sem, és a többi szépséget. Fényképezni lehetett, mert bár ki volt téve itt is a tiltó piktogram, ekkora tömeggel nem tudnak mit kezdeni - mindenki úgy videózott, fényképezett, ahogy akart. Mire jöttünk kifelé, épp kezdték lezárni a bejáratot a mise miatt - ami egyébként sehol sem volt jelezve. Igazából csak kívülrol tudtuk rendesen megnézni. A régi részt láttuk, az oldalbejárat alátámasztásos boltívei nagyon tetszettek. Ezt követoen a királyi palota kiállításra mentünk be, amiben sajnos nincs benne a trónterem (Ulászló-terem). Ez a kiállítás egyébként szép volt és befogadható mennyiségu. Kisebb nehézségek után végül csak bejutottunk a Szent György-templomba. A gond az volt, hogy ide jegy kellett, amit nem lehetett sem a templom bejáratánál megvenni, sem a mellette levo kolostor-múzeum pénztárában (ez érthetetlen), hanem a nagy pénztárakba kellett visszamenni. De hát ez a csodálatos román stílusú templom megérte még ezt a bosszankodást is - ne zavarjon meg senkit a barokk homlokzata. Ezt követoen a lépcson keresztül visszaereszkedtünk a XIV. században épült Károly-híd felé, átsétáltunk rajta. Az Óvárosi hídtorony valóban nagyon szép, az átjáró boltozata is nagyon tetszett, a címerekkel, virágmintákkal, képekkel a kazettákban. A rekonstruált gótikus Betlehem-kápolna felé vettük az utat - sajnos renoválják, így nem lehetett megnézni belülrol. A Szent Márton-templom szenzációs gótikus épület, sajnos ez a Cseh Testvérek egyházáé, vagyis protestáns, így természetesen nem jutottunk be, pedig belülrol is csemege lett volna. Ekkor már kelloen elcsigázottak voltunk, így a közelben levo TESCO áruházban vettünk egy óriási pizzát és hozzá italt, amivel mindenki jóllakott, s újult erovel folytattuk utunkat.A Szent Kereszt-rotunda (körtemplom) XII. századi, román stílusú, az elso volt az ilyenek sorában, amit láttunk. Ezek alaprajza a katicabogárra emlékeztet, hiszen a szentély is körformájú, a bevilágító pedig osztott ablakú. Innen a Vysehradba mentünk, villamossal és jó nagyot sétálva, mert sikerült a távolabbi megállót kiválasztani a térképen. Itt a talán legjelentosebb muemlék a Szent Márton-rotunda a XI. század második felébol. Az egy évszázad különbség nem is látszik meg a két épületen, a méretek, a megformálás szinte teljesen ugyanolyan, viszont ennek a bejárata szép béllettel van díszítve. Itt még az ún. Libuse-fürdo romjait néztük meg - egy falszakaszról lehet rálátni -, ami a középkori vár része. Az itteni neogót templom és a többi nemzeti panteonná kiépített emlékhely nem váltotta ki érdeklodésünket. A Szuz Mária és Nagy Károly temploma igencsak ambivalens érzéseket szított fel bennünk. Valóban gyönyöru gótikus ablakai, szentélye van kívülrol, de a falakat rózsaszín vakolat borítja, és a födém és kupola barokk. Sajnos belülrol nem tudtuk megnézni, épp akkor zárták be, amikor odaértünk, és még észrevenni sem voltak hajlandók minket, pedig három perc alatt végeztünk volna - bár lehet, hogy belülrol is barokkosították, és akkor jobb, hogy nem láttuk. Innentol kezdve már a villamosmegálló felé közelítettünk, de útközben volt még a Szent Apollonius-templom - IV. Károly alapította a XIV. században. Ide sem tudtunk sajnos be-menni, pedig nemcsak kívülrol szép gótikus, hanem a freskói is eredetiek.Hétfon reggel a Szent István-templommal kezdtünk. Ezt is IV. Károly alapította, 1351-ben, gótikus az épület ma is. A tornya XV. századi, az errefelé szokásos fiatornyosból a két szintben fiatornyos változat. Falába régi sírkövek vannak beépítve. A harmadik rotunda következett, a Szent Longinus, amely XII. századi, és a legkisebb a három prágai közül. Ennek a bevilágítója nyolcszögletu, a falai nagyrészt vakoltak, ezekben eltér a másik kettotol. Az utunk az Emmauszi-kolostor felé vitt, amely a 45 év után újra a bencéseké, ahogy 1347 óta is volt. A II. világháborúban megsemmisült a tornya, ezért egy modern, vasbeton kettostornyot emeltek, ami az összhatást nem is rontja el - icipicit emlékeztet Rouen modern, de hasonló okból gótikus templomrészeket magába foglaló templomára. Itt épp misére készülodtek, így bejutottunk a gyönyöru templomba. Három hajója azonos magasságú, oldalfalain a világháború viszontagságait túlélt freskórészletek vannak, 1360-ból. A szentély boltozatán a kazettákban itt is címerek vannak. A jobboldali kápolnában a teljes külso fali freskó megmaradt, a teljes kompozíció látható. A Szent Vencel-templom szintén a Cseh Testvéreké, így csak kívülrol csodálhattuk meg az újabb XIV. századi gótikus templomot - a belseje pedig szép boltozatot és freskót rejt. Egy pillanat erejéig a modern építészet jó példájaként emlegetett Ginger és Fred elnevezésu irodaház mellett mentünk el. Érdekes épület, ezzel együtt nekem egy jó kis gótikus épület sokkal többet ad. A Moldva partján a Sítkovi víztorony XV. szá-zadi, késobb reneszánsz stílusban újjáépített épülete mellett mentünk tovább. S jött a Szent Adalbert-templom - szintén kívülrol. Román indítását ma már nem látni, de a gótikus stílus még mindig a legjel-lemzobb rá, ám barokk beütésekkel - egyébként itt volt orgonista 4 évig Dvorák. A következo megállító épület az Újvárosi városháza gótikus és reneszánsz elemeket mutató épülete. Maga az épület és a tornya impozáns, kár, hogy a nagytermébe nem lehetett bemenni - pedig megpróbáltuk. A Vencel tér mélyebb végénél kicsit vissza kell kanyarodni, és ott találjuk a Havas Boldogasszony templomát, 1347-bol. Európa egyik legkarcsúbb templomának mondják, valóban igencsak nagy a magassága a hajó szélességéhez viszonyítva - úgy 3-4-szeres. A boltozata gótikus, díszítése azonban valóban reneszánsz lehet (csillagos), ahogy a könyv írta. Óriási élmény, és itt alig néhány ember nézelodik, a Vencel tér forgalma után különösen jól esik egy kis nyugalom. Folytattuk a gótikus listát a Szent Henrik-templommal és az utca közepén szigetszeruen emelkedo Henrik-toronnyal. Ez utóbbi 1475-bol való, vagyis mintegy száz évvel fiatalabb a templomnál. Maga a templom is gótikus, a kisebb, egybeépített tornya reneszánsz sisakot kapott; oldalába itt is sírkolapokat építettek. Mellette nagyon szép sgraffitós épület van, 7 angyali-emberi alakkal, de nem tudom, mit jelképeznek, talán a hét szabad muvészetet, de lehet, hogy teljesen mást.Következett a Loportorony, amelyet egy korábbi városkapu helyén 1475 körül kezdtek építeni. Prágát annakidején 13 kapu védte - eloször azt hittük, hogy körbejártunk és újra a Henrik-toronynál vagyunk. Ekkor került az utunkba a KFC étterem, s már épp elég éhesek voltunk, az itthonihoz hasonló árakon megebédeltünk, és a többi szükséget is elintéztük, hogy gond nélkül folytathassuk utunkat.Az Óvárostéren levo Tyn-épületnek különösen az árkádos része tetszett, a gótikus ívek sora. A Tyn-templom építése 1365-ben kezdodött, csodaszép gótikus épület, amelynek a tornyai a kettos fiatornyos kialakítással kis várkastélyoknak hatnak. A belseje már kicsit kevert stílusú, de azért így is tetszett. Az óvárosi Városháza - szép, de itteni mértékkel nézve egyszeru tornyával - is emblematikus épülete Prágának, ennek az oldalán van az Óratorony, az Orloj. Itt óriási volt a tömeg, alig lehetett fényképezni is, mindig jövés-menés volt. Nagyon szépek voltak a kisebb épületek is, itt is volt természetesen sgraffitós díszítésu is. Ezt követte a zsidóvárosi (Josefov) séta. Mint már írtam, ez volt a legdrágább belépodíjas hely. A jegyen nemcsak a helyek sorrendje, hanem egy idointervallumos lista is meg van adva. Ez azért furcsa, mert mi van akkor, ha én másmilyen sorrendben megyek, vagy hosszabb ideig nézelodöm a helyeken. A Maisel-zsinagógában kezdtünk, amely a harmadik formájában áll most, neogót stílusban. Valóban gazdag anyaga van a kiállításnak, bár ezek engem kevésbé érdekeltek, mint maga az épület. Itt a zsinagóga mu-ködéséhez szükséges tárgyak voltak jobbára kiállítva, jellemzoen a XVIII. századtól kezdodoen. Gyönyöru és nagy menórák voltak a karzaton, kecsesek, nemes vonalúak. A Pinkász-zsinagóga eredetileg gótikus épületét reneszánszra építették át, de pl. a boltozata megmaradt vagy visszaállították gótikusnak. A bordák élét arany színure festették, így még vékonyabbnak, grafikus könnyedségunek hatnak. Ez a templom a holokauszt áldozatainak állít emléket, hetvenhétezer mártír neve van a falakra felírva. Az emeletén is e témakörben van egy megrendíto, kis kiállítás. A Régi zsidótemeto sajátos emlékhely, hiszen 1439-1787-ig használták, azóta csak az emlékezést szolgálja és az osök tiszteletét. Az út a Klaus-zsinagógába vezetett, ahol a zsidó népszokások kiállítása nézheto meg. A ravatalozó neoromán épülete után a leghíresebb zsidó épület, a Régiúj-zsinagóga következett. Ez valóban kihagyhatatlan épület, 1270-ben kezdték el építeni. Érdekes keveredése a gótikának és a keleties zsidó motívumoknak. Magáról az épületrol nem lehetne megállapítani, hogy zsinagóga, csak a berendezési tárgyak utalnak eroteljesen a vallási hovatartozásra. Végül a Spanyol-zsinagógába mentünk - itt a karzaton templomi eszközök vannak kiállítva, arany és ezüst igen jelentos számban. Ez az épület a XIX. század végérol való, spanyol-arab jellegu díszítésu, uralkodó az arany, a piros és a zöld szín. Innen a Boldog Ágnes-kolostorhoz mentünk, amely most a Nemzeti Galéria kiállítóhelye. Sajnos nem volt nyitva - hétfo volt -, pedig a cseh középkori muvészet érdekelt volna minket, no meg maga az épület belülrol is. A Szent Castullus-templom - XIV. századi gótikus, részben átépített - mellett vitt tovább utunk a Szent Kelemen-templomhoz. Ez a templom románnak készült, de gótikussá építették át. Szinte mellette áll az 1606-ból származó újvárosi reneszánsz víztorony. Az utolsó prágai templomunk a Szent Péter lett - ezt is románnak építették a XII. század közepén, de a XIV-XV. században gótikussá alakították át. Ennek megfeleloen a szokásosnál robosztusabb építmény, tornyai is egyszeruek, bár hosszú csúcsban végzodnek. Ez utóbbi templomok egyikébe sem tudtunk bemenni, pedig biztos lett volna számos érdekesség, szépség, lencsevégre való részlet.Így viszont visszaértünk egy megfelelo villamoshoz, és az autóhoz mentünk, hogy a második szállásra igyekezzünk. Mivel minden szerencsésen alakult a Prágából kimenetelnél és a megfelelo útra rátalálásnál, gyorsan haladtunk Tyn nad Vltavou felé, sot maradt még idonk útközben egy városka megnézésére. Választásunk Bechynére esett. Ez egy apró városka, amelyet egyébként még részletesen is van értelme megnézni - igaz, csak idegenvezetovel lehetne, ami azért túlzás. Eloször a volt minorita kolostorhoz mentünk, ami most muvészeti iskola, épp nyári tábor volt. Sajnos a gótikus temploma nem volt nyitva, viszont a parkja nagyon jó kis hely, remek kilátás van a kb. 30 méterrel alatta folyó szurdokszeru medrére és a völgyhídra. Van itt egy reneszánsz várkastély is, ennek udvarára bejutottunk, annak ellenére, hogy már bezártak. Ebben van egyébként a porcelánmúzeum - a városban 3 kerámiagyár is van, vagy volt. A plébániatemplom is gótikus, bár barokkosításon is részben átesett - de így is volt fényképre való része. A tornya inkább reneszánsz jellegu. Kisebb keresgélés után ráakadtunk a Tyn nad Vltavou mellett 10 km-re levo szállásunkra. A reggeli nekünk késoi idopontja miatt a további napjainkat át kellett teljesen forgatni, sot egy kicsivel kevesebb is fért bele, ez leginkább a hazafelé jövo napon volt sorsdönto. Azt az alapelvemet kellett feladni, hogy reggel korai felkelés után a múzeumok nyitására oda kell érni az aznapi legmesszibb helyre, és onnan csorgunk visszafelé, így a délután hat óra körüli befejezés után már csak rövidebb utazással vissza is érhetünk. Így viszont többnyire 10 után értünk a legközelebbi helyre, és a legtávolabbi helyen végeztünk, vagyis legalább 1 óra aktív nézelodési idot vesztettünk - és sok hajszálat, mert a gyerekek sokkal nehezebben viselték a napi menet után a hosszadalmasabb autózást visszafelé. Az is igaz azonban, hogy így is többet meg tudtunk nézni, mint amit bejárhatónak véltem, de kevesebbet, mint lehetett volna. Az elso déli napot Ceské Budejovicében kezdtük. Elég korán érkeztünk, így a foútról a városba bevezeto utcán, az óváros szélén találtunk parkolóhelyet. Vizekkel körülvett, gyakorlatilag zárt terület az óváros, ezen a párszáz méteres átméroju körön belül van minden komolyabb muemlék. Hangulatos lábasházas utcán mentünk a reneszánsz stílusú, négyszögletes Fekete-toronyig - ez uralja a várost. A feljárata egy aprócska tégla kerektoronyban van - amit hozzáépítettek, így elég mulatságosan néz ki. Nagyjából mellette van a Szent Miklós-templom, amelynek a szentélye gótikus kívülrol, de a többi része inkább barokk, mintsem reneszánsz. Óriási a tetozete, ez teszi egyedivé. A fotérnek itt is a szokásos jó hangulata van, természetesen díszkúttal a közepén - itt egy barokk Sámson-kút. A városháza épülete nekem nem tetszett, csak a sárkány alakú vízköpoi. Viszont a fotéri lábasházak némelyike igen régi, volt egy gyönyöru gótikus épület is köztük. Az íveket szépen kibontották, az árkád alatt pedig egy kapu és egy háromosztatú, négy-szög alakú ablak kokeretei, díszítései buvöltek el. Néhány városfalrészletet, kisebb tornyocskákkal is megnéztünk a folyó- és csatornapartokon, majd a Szuz Mária-templom következett - gótikus stílusú dominkánus templom. Sajnos csak kívülrol láthattuk, a kolostor is megvan mellette, de ott is csak bekukkantani tudtunk, egy-két részlet azonban ott is szép volt. A templom mellett a régi Fegyverház épülete büszkélkedik - egy hatszintes, gótikus épület reneszánsz átépítéssel, fehérre meszelve, lépcsozetes oromzattal. Még egy látványos, nagyobb várfalbástya várt ránk, s be is fejeztük a sétánkat. Cesky Krumlov jött, és fel is iratkozott a nagy kedvencek sorába - egyébként is a Világörökség része. A város a Moldva kanyarulataiba épült, tulajdonképpen egy fordított S betu belso részeit tölti ki az óváros. Persze mindez elég nagy szintkülönbségekkel van fuszerezve. Ezen a részen a turisták hada hömpölyög. Itt már igen nehezen találtunk parkolót, azt is elég messzire a muemlékektol. A Budejovicei-kapun keresztül "törtünk be" a városba, ez a régi városfal egyik kapubástyája volt - 1598-ban építették. A mélyebb, Moldva-parti részen elég elhanyagolt állapotú kolostor és egyéb épületek voltak, sörfozde és a csuda tudja még mi - egy kerektoronynak volt hangulata, a többi inkább lehangoló volt - rengeteg pénz kellene a rendbetételére. Kis utcákon elvergodtünk a vár bejáratához. Itt van a torony is, amibol remek kilátás nyílt nemcsak a vár udvaraira, hanem a város nagy részére is. A várnak két nagy udvara van, további két kicsi is - ezek az épületek belso udvarai és még egy nagy parkja. A múzeumokat 3 körben lehet megnézni, ez legalább 5 órát jelentene, így sajnos le kellett mondanunk róla. Itt van Európa egyik barokk színháza, az eredeti állapotban - (már Gödöllon is kész van a renovált és restaurált szintén barokk színház). Természetesen évszázadok alatt alakult ki a vár mai képe, a XIII. századtól a XVII. végéig alakítgatták - 300 helyiséget mondanak benne. Ami jellegzetessé teszi többek között, az egy viaduktszeru szintkiegyenlíto építmény, amely egy völgy feletti keskeny épületet "alapoz meg". Kis jóindulattal van némi római jellege. A várépületek inkább külso oldalukkal várszeruek, belso homlokzataik sgraffitósak, vakoltak-festettek - szóval inkább kastélyszeruek. Ha valakinek sok ideje van, itt egy teljes napot el lehet tölteni. És akkor még nem beszéltünk a Moldváról! A kanyarokban kis zúgók vannak, ahol sikongatva jönnek le rengetegen, a víz elég alacsony és tiszta, kánikulában - mint ekkor is volt - kifejezetten csábító. Újabb sodródással a fotérre értünk, ahol körbe-körbe ismét lábasházak voltak. A régi városháza épülete 1580-ból datálódik, két gótikus ház összeépítése - homlokzatán címerekkel. Innen már toronyiránt közelítettük meg a gótikus Szent Vitus-templomot, amelyben jó jezsuita szokás szerint amit lehetett, azt barokkosítottak - pl. egy óriási oltárt tettek be. Mellette van ugyanis a jezsuita kollégium hatalmas épülettömbje - egyéb-ként szép sgraffitós díszítéssel - mintha kövekkel volna kirakva, azt mintázza. A templom hálóboltozata egyszeru és nemes vonalú. Ezen az utcán még számos jó épület hirdeti építoi dicsoségét - kisebbek-nagyobbak egyaránt. Déli irányban folytattuk utunkat Rozmberk nad Vltavouba. Ez az út volt az, amikor a Moldván többen voltak kajakokon, kenukon, mint az úton. Fantasztikus hely, a kicsi és tiszta víz óriási lehetoséget ad a vízitúrára -a környezet pedig természeti és építészeti téren is igen gazdag látnivalókat tár elénk. Eloször a gótikus templomot jártuk körbe, amelyen néhány apró freskó és festett díszítésrészlet látható, a belsejét most renoválják. Eredetileg 1271-ben épült, bár két évszázad múlva bovítették - de megmaradtak a gótikánál. Egytornyú, tornya az errefelé megszokott csúcséles toronysisakos. A folyó túlpartján, jó magasan van a két vára, az újabb, XVI. századi Felsovárból csak a kerektorony maradt meg, de az egyébként régebbi, XIV. századi Alsóvárat többször átépítették - ma neogót. Remek kilátás nyílik a városkára, a folyóra, a sok vízijármure, ahogy csurognak lefelé - északi irányba. Pár kilométert délebbre mentünk tovább a Moldva partján, és Vyssí Brodba értünk. Itt egy óriási ciszter kolostor gótikus épületkomplexuma vonzza a látogatókat. Az évszázadok alatt persze itt is voltak átalakítások, de végül neogót stílusban renoválták száz éve. Ezzel együtt jelentos része eredeti gótikus, a templom 1260-as kezdésu. Ide is csak vezetéssel lehet bejönni, viszonylag drága, és a belépovel a könyvtárat is megmutatják - na ezt mi már nem bírtuk cérnával, és oda nem mentünk át. A szembeötlo részek valóban vagy barokkok vagy neogótok, de sok apró részlet a díszítésbol tényleg régi. Ezek a részletek azonban nekem nagyon tetszettek. Még Trebonba is átmentünk, ez már - fogjuk rá - "hazafelé" volt. Tipikus cseh kisvárosnak írja a könyv, valóban egységes és kedves hely, kényelmeseknek akár egy napot is jelenthet - sörrel, knédlivel, stb. Az egyik középkori városkapun - persze a XVII. század elején kicsit kupáltak rajta - a Budejovicei-kapun mentünk be, amely mögött szinte közvetlenül volt a gótikus Szent Egyed-templom. Sajnos csak "kukucska" volt a templomban, így pl. a fohajó boltozatát nem is lehetett látni az orgonás karzat miatt. Pedig gótikus boltozata van, de minden berendezési tárgy barokk. A fotere nagyon szép, kikövezett, az épületek is jók. A városháza reneszánsz, a tornya is jó magas, loggiás. Egy másik reneszánsz városkapun is kimentünk, így a városfal-maradványokról is tudtam felvételt csinálni - aranyos kis bástyácskák voltak. A várkastély eredetileg gótikus volt, de reneszánsz kastéllyá alakították. Ekkor már késo volt, nem volt nyitva, a könyv szerint nem rossz hely egyébként. Másnap egy Világörökséges városka, Telc volt az elso célpont. A fotér színesre festett lábasházainak valóban remek hangulatuk van, ezek természetesen barokk és reneszánsz külsejuek, sok esetben gótikus épületeket rejtenek. Itt is van sgraffitós díszítésu, nekem ezek tetszettek legjobban. A tér végén van a gótikus Szent Jakab-templom, amelynek jó magas tornyából szép kilátás nyílik a fotérre és a lábánál fekvo várra. Maga a templom egyszeru, tiszta vonalvezetésu, viszonylag kevés barokkizálással terhelt. A vár gótikus volt, amelyet reneszánsz kastéllyá alakítottak. Van pár udvara, ezek közül egy nagyobbacska, szép loggia az egyik oldala, nyári színház van benne. A másik udvar egy igen nagy területu, szép kerttel, és a körülvevo épületek is szép harmonikusan illeszkednek egymáshoz. Következett a szintén Világörökség Trebic. Ez is fantasztikus hely. A fotere kissé vegyes, de remek épületek állnak rajta. A legszebb valóban az 1619-ben épített Fekete-ház, amely a nevét a sgraffitós díszítés fekete alapszínérol kapta. A fekete igen ritka, többnyire a szürke világosabb árnyalatai, vagy világosbarnát és vajszínt használtak. Itt frízképeket és nagyobb képeket készítettek ezzel a technikával.A leghíresebb épület a Szent Prokop-kolostortemplom. Román és gótikus elemek egyaránt vannak benne, kívül inkább a román, belülrol pedig a gótikus az inkább jellemzo - természetesen itt is van barokk beütés - foként a homlokzaton rondítottak. A bejárat az oldalsó, ún. Paradicsom-kapuján keresztül van - amely egy közepesen dúsan díszített kapubélletes bejárat elott emelt fedett rész, kívülrol román, de a boltozata már gótikus. A templom háromhajós, és a szentélybol egy kápolna nyílik. A gótikus elemeket - érzésem szerint részben újra kibontottak - hangsúlyozták, elég különös vonalvezetése van, két félig lezáró fal is van, egy a szentély elott közvetlenül, egy pedig valamivel elobb. A szentély is a két stílus ötvözete, alul román oszlopsor, felette gótikus ablaksor - részben csúcsíves, részben körablak -, még felette román ablaksor, még felette kicsi román körbevilágító ablaksorral - persze a boltozat gótikus. A kupola eroteljes, négyzet feletti, így teljesen szimmetrikus. A kápolna 1250-bol való, a freskói középkoriak - igen díszesek, és nagy része megmaradt. Az altemplom is méltó az egészhez, hihetetlenül eroteljes, kis fesztávolságú ívek, néhol még a régi faboltozat is megvan.A várkastély a régi kolostor helyén épült, most kicsit kopott a külseje - nem mentünk be a kiállításra. Viszont a zsidónegyeden átsétáltunk, amely szintén a Világörökség része. Kis girbegurba utcák, két volt zsinagóga, az egyikben múzeum van - nem mentünk be a prágai kiköltekezés után. Igazából a hangulata a régies, bár a házak nem olyan értékesek. Ezután hosszabb útra indultunk, azonban útközben, egy keresztezodésnél egy templom megállásra kényszerített. Ez Velká Bítes erodített temploma volt, ahova csak én mentem. Egy román templomot a XV. században építettek át gótikus stílusúvá, a belsejét természetesen barokkizálták, majd visszagótizálták - a szokásos sorrend. Itt is csak kukucska helyzet volt, de megérte. Körülötte a védmuvek 3-4 méter magasságig megmaradtak, kicsit erdélyi hangulata volt. Az úticél Tisnov-Predklásteri volt, a kolostor. 1223-ban alapították, aztán szépen az évszázadok alatt óriásivá nott. Két templom van egymás mellett - 90 fokban - az egyik a régi, gótikus, a másik valószínu-leg neogót. A régi háromhajós, kereszthajós templom, burgundi ciszter stílusban épült. Ez leginkább a Mennyek kapuja elnevezésu bélletes bejárati kapuján látszik - egy gótikus ív alatt -, amelyen a tizenkét apostol szobra is van, az ív alatt Krisztussal és az ot imádókkal. Ilyen gyönyöru és ívvel lezárt kaput kevés helyen lehet látni. A kolostor környékén óriási gazdasági és kolostori épületek vannak, amiket még nem újítottak fel, de ezekre óriási összegeket kell majd rákölteni, hogy a szocializmus pusztítását ellensúlyoz-zák. A nap végállomása Jihlava lett. Van három gótikus temploma - a minoritáknál kezdtük. Szép háromhajós templom 1250-bol, a mellékhajóban a boltozaton díszíto motívumokkal. Persze itt is barokk berendezés van. Az utca végén van az egyetlen megmaradt városkapu, az Isten anyja-kapu. A fotéren szép reneszánsz épületben van a múzeum. A szintén XIII. századi Szent Kereszt-templom ma a Cseh Testvérek Egyházáé, így nem lehet bejutni - pedig a gótikus szobrai a könyv szerint gyönyöruek. Kívülrol nem nagy szám, bár a homlokzata szép. Az aznapi utolsó templom a szintén gótikus, két tornyú, háromhajós Szent Jakab. Ezt is 1250-ben kezdték építeni, a XVI. században felújították, tornyában Csehország egyik legnagyobb harangja, a Zsuzsanna lakik. Itt már mise volt, amikorra odaértünk, bár ez jó taktika is lehetne, mert így legalább csendben körbe is lehet járni. A következo nap elso állomása Zvíkov vára volt. Errol a várról semmit sem ír a könyv, azonban a cseh kiadványok felhívták rá a figyelmet. Középkori vára folyók által három oldalról körülvett szirten áll, több udvara és néhány ép terme is van - a zömmel romos várnak. Csodaszép hely nemcsak a vár, hanem a környezete is. Az alsóvár kapujától már csak pár méternyi a víz, hajójáratok is vannak - azoknak, akiknek sok idejük van. Fénykorában óriási termei voltak, ezeknek most a gótikus boltozat-kezdetei adják meg a képzeletünk kiindulópontjait. Ami ép, az csak megerosíti a képzeletünket - egy könnyed kiállítás van benne, a foszereplo maga a vár épülete, és a XV. századi freskók. Két teremben több kép is táncmulatság-ról szól, az ún. táncterem egy viszonylag kisebb szoba, de itt a freskók a falak nagy részét beborítják. Az alakok életnagyságúnál nagyobbak. A kápolna sem nagy, bár a kb. 12x5 méteres alapméret azért nem kicsi. A falakon freskók szentekkel, bibliai alakokkal. Lenyugözo! A 20 méter magas kerektornyából jó kilátás nyílik a környékre is. Ez a vár lett az abszolút gyoztes nálunk, bár azért volt küzdelem. És itt a 100 autóból egy volt szlovák, meg mi voltunk még külföldiek. A következo Baltná vízivára volt - egy kis mesterséges tó közepén áll. A bejárati hídnál van a legrégibb része, az öregtorony, amely mellett a gótikus szárny található. A folytatása már reneszánsz, a másik oldalon a barokk szárny van - ebben van a kiállítás. A reneszánsz szárny belso oldala és a belseje felújítás elott áll, vagyis elég romos, de kívülrol az egész vár szépen mutat. Közel van a városka központja, ahol egy gótikus Szuz Mária-templom is áll. A barokk berendezés sem tudja elrontani a szép gótikus épületet, a boltozatok szépségét. A szentély boltozata kogerincekkel, szokásos megoldású, azonban a hajó vakolt, több osztatú, kisebb részekbol összeálló fehér boltozatú - talán a legszebb ebbol a fajtából az általunk látottak közül. Strakonice vára következett, itt bementünk a kiállításra - bár nem volt nagyon sok értelme. A kerektornya azonos a zvíkovival, egyébként a máltai lovagok kezdték építeni 1220-tól. Románkori körablaka muvészettörténeti jelentoségu - egy kis átméroju ablakról van szó, kb. másfél méteres. Azonban a leg-szebb része a vártemplomhoz kapcsolódó gótikus keresztfolyosón és teremben XIV. századi freskók van-nak. A templomban is vannak freskótöredékek, de ott csak kukucska helyzet volt, méghozzá a rosszabbik fajtából - az üvegen keresztül, amit a fényképezogép nem szeret. A vár a folyó felol mutatja leglátványo-sabb képét. A folyó túlpartján van az óváros, temploma gótikus, de felújítás alatt áll, bár be tudtunk menni - egy kis freskótöredék azért van benne. Ennek a várnapnak a vége Rabí vára lett. Itt rengeteg turista volt, és elég sok külföldi is. A parkolással gondok voltak, mi az odavezeto út mentén tudtunk megállni, de jól is esett az a kis séta. Onnan viszont remek fotókat lehetett csinálni, amin az egész vár látszott. Innen jól mutatott a gótikus várkápolna, amit a várfalakon kívül építettek fel 1498-ban - felújításra vár, nem lehetett bemenni. Egyébként egy nagy várrom az egész, némi épebb termekkel, de ezekben is igen egyszeru, fagyálló kiállítások vannak - többnyire makettek. Két vezetéses körrel lehet megnézni - a tornyot nyugodtan meg lehetett volna vezeto nélkül is oldani. A legmagasabb torony, az öregtorony, a tetejérol jó volt szétnézni és fényképezni - a rom többi részét és a szép hegyes-völgyes környéket. Itt is voltak befogott madarak - sasok, baglyok, stb. Ezzel együtt remek falak, épületrészek vannak, sokkal várszerubb még ebben az állapotában is, mint sok többször átépített várkastély. Ez a vár is dobogós lett nálunk. Hazafelé még Písekbe, a táboriták valaha volt másik központjába is bementünk. Az Otava folyó partján parkoltunk, a kohíd hídfojénél. Ez a híd kicsiben a prágai Károly-híd - a legrégebbi csehországi hídnak tartják. A XIII. században épült (100 évvel öregebb a prágai Károly-hídnál), és 4 barokk szoborral díszítették. Itt is csak gyalogos forgalom, no meg kerékpár van rajta. A várából foként a késobbi korok épületei vannak meg, ezekre szép kilátás nyílt a folyó felol - a túlpartról. A gótikus XII. századi várból egy épületrész maradt meg, illetve helyreállították, kb. 15 méter hosszú háromszintes, három íves, a folyó felol három keskeny ablakos rész - egy kicsit az egri gótikus palotára emlékeztet. Itt, ebben a nagyobb városban a terek már vegyes stílusúak, vagyis vannak benne ronda modern épületek is. Ezzel együtt többnyire barokk jelleguek, és a turizmust szolgálják. A háromhajós templomuk XIII. századi, és az évszázadok során ez a templom is megjárta a maga kálváriáját - végül megkeresték az eredeti állapotát. Két tornya eltéro magasságú, a magasabb is XIV. századi, sisakja persze reneszánsz. Belülrol is nagyon tetszett, a berendezések is neogótok, az egész szépen "egyben van". A falak még eléggé vaskosak, a kb. másfél méter vastag oszlopok választják el a hajókat, azonban az oldalukon freskók is megmaradtak. A következo nap már kicsit gyengébbre volt tervezve, hogy este még a lehetséges szintig össze is tudjunk majd pakolni. Azonban így sem maradtunk csodás muemlékek nélkül. Az elso hely Milevsko volt két gyönyöru templomával. Egymástól kb. 100 méterre van a premontrei kolostor temploma és a Szent Egyed-templom. Eloször az 1187-ben elkezdett kolostortemplomot próbáltuk megnézni - reggel kilenc-kor már ott voltunk, mert közel volt a szállásunkhoz. A templom rendesen, keletelve van, így teljes, éles ellenfény volt, a kívülrol már szépen rendbetett kéttornyú román homlokzatról nem tudtam normális fel-vételt csinálni. Az épületet belülrol most renoválják, szép lesz, ha elkészül. A tömege román stílusú, bár vannak benne gótikus elemek, a szentély pl. már az. A boltozata pedig barokk, de egyszeru, és gótikusra emlékezteto, nincsenek rajta freskók. Szóval nem üt el feltunoen a környezetétol. Ha kész lesz, akkor páratlan élményt fog nyújtani. A templom mellett balra is van egy gótikus épület, a kolostorhoz tartozik, szép gótikus kápolnája van, de ezeket és a templom többi szépségét kívülrol akkor lehet megnézni, ha az ember körbemegy a kolostorudvarok felé, vagy a temeto és a Szent-Egyed templom felol. Mi ezt tettük, és ennek a sétának során láttuk még egy korábbi templom alapjának jelzését, a templom szentélyét kívülrol és az egyik kolostorszárny gótikus részleteit - ez még várni fog a felújításra egy ideig. Van még egy rendbe tett gyönyöru gazdasági épület, ez a templomtól jobbra, látszik jól, ahogy az ember a templomba megy.A Szent Egyed-templomot 1184-ben, tehát három évvel a másik elott kezdték el építeni. Érdekes templom, mert a román részbol tulajdonképpen csak egy nagyobb toronykezdet maradt meg, a többit gótikus stílusban átépítették, illetve bovítették. Kívülrol csodálatos, belülrol a szentély boltozata és a freskók, régi feliratok a kazettákban, amik szépek, a fohajóban a gótikának csak a nyomai vannak. Egyébként ezt a templomot ma ravatalozónak használják. Sobeslav városa következett. A fotéren van szinte minden, ami régi. A Péter-Pál templom kéthajós korai gótikus épülete, a hajó közepén levo oszlop osztja ketté a szerkezetet. A szentélyben kobol vannak a boltozati bordák, viszont a hajókban a vakolt, fehér, többosztatú bordahálózat van - van egy freskó-darab is, egy teljes kép, a berendezése barokk. Magas tornyába nem mentünk fel, mert legfeljebb a városszerkezetet lehetett volna jobban látni - de ez annyira nem volt jelentos. Kb. 100 méterre volt tole egy valamivel késobbi Szent Vitus-templom. Ez egy apró, de nagyon arányos templom, neogót berendezéssel. Ez is kéthajós, szinte azonos megoldású a másikkal, sot itt is van freskómaradvány - sajnos csak kukucska lehetoség volt. Még egy-két reneszánsz épület is volt, amelyek hangulatossá tették a teret. Ahogy mentünk vissza az autóhoz, az egyetlen megmaradt városfal-torony felé kanyarodtunk - egy 10-15 méter magas kerek kotorony, cserépsisakkal. Egy olyan vár következett, amelyet "ismeretlen ismeros"-nek is nevezhetnék, mert a mi korosztályunk-ban, akiknek volt TV-jük, azok jól emlékezhetnek A névtelen vár filmes feldolgozására - és azt itt, Cervená Lhotán forgatták. Ez egy mesterséges tó szigetére, sziklára 1530-ban épített váracska, amely nagyon látványos. Végül nem mentünk be a termekrol készült fényképek alapján. Nemrég renoválták ezt a várat is, szép terrakotta színu a fala. Egyébként itt is óriási tömeg volt, kb. 200 autó a parkolókban. A napot Jindrichuv Hradec városában fejeztük be. Kissé nehezen azonosítottuk be magunkat a könyv térképén, mert elég kívül álltunk meg az autóval. Az elso templom, amely az utunkba került, a Szent Katalin volt, amely a barokkizálás után is mutat valamennyi gótikus jegyet kívülrol - nem lehetett bejutni. Végül csak sikerült a megfelelo irányt megtalálni, és a Keresztelo Szent János-templomra rálelni. Ez egy XIV. századi gótikus minorita templom, kolostorral együtt. A kolostor felol lehet bemenni, itt jó és ke-vésbé érdekes kiállítások vannak a földszinti termekben, azonban a termek eleve figyelemre méltóak, pazar részletekkel. Az ámulat igazából a kerengon kezdodik, ahol gótikus ívek alatt, freskórészletek között sétálhattunk. Az egyik barokkizált kápolnában egy nagyon jó régizene együttes próbált - a karmester egy kópia-orgonapozitívon játszott, ebbol is a régifajtán. A hangszertest felett volt a kettéosztott fújtató, amelynek a tetején kosúly volt, ezeket egy lánynak emelgetnie kellett szükség szerint. Egyébként olyan jól esett a lelkünknek is ez a zene - valami barokk kismester kantátáját próbálták. Nyolctagú volt az ének-együttes, egyénileg is fantasztikusan jók voltak - többen is szólóztak a legalább negyedóra alatt, amíg ott voltunk. A zenekar is szólamonként egy játékosból állt, szóval igazi kamara. Szívesen maradtunk volna, de hát az ido fogy. A templom óriási meglepetés volt, mert nemcsak hogy gyönyöru, de igen sok régi részletet megorzo hely. A freskók egy része figurális, másik része nem, és a boltozat is szép, részint sima ko, részint festett. Így, az út végefelé is óriási élményt jelentett. A városban gótikus lábasházak is voltak, amik itt is tetszettek. A város plébániatemploma a Mária mennybemenetele-templom szintén gótikus stílusú, háromhajós. Oltára neogót faszerkezetu. A tornyából remek kilátás nyílt a városra, jókat lehetett fotózni. Innen a várba mentünk, amely egy ötudvaros, öregtornyos épületegyüttes. Itt is csak vezetéssel lehet bemenni - kivéve a tornyot, ahova fel is másztunk Dorcsival - és az egész vár itt is több körre volt választva. Egy dolgot sajnálok csak, egy 1338-ban készült Szent György legendás freskót a vár egyik termébol. Az egyik udvar folátványossága a háromszintes reneszánsz folyosó-loggia - teljesen olaszos. A többi épület - gótikus, reneszánsz - is jó, eroteljes és látványos. Az utolsó udvar egy barokk kert, a csúcsán egy különálló, kerek, barokk zeneteremmel, ami igen látványos, de nekem nem tetszett. Szóval, ha valaki erre jár és több ideje van, és még nem volt benn sok vármúzeumban, ne hagyja ki. Elérkezett a hazaindulás ideje is. A reggeli után Znojmo városát vettük célba, a késoi reggeli után indulva dél körül értünk oda - a fotéren parkoltunk le. Innen egy kört kellett tenni, hogy felfedezzük ezt a remek várost. A Szent Kereszt-templom gótikusságából csak a szentély külseje maradt meg. Az óvárosi utcákon a sokszor megcsodált sgraffitós technikát, a lábasházakat láttuk, a városfalmaradványokkal, bástyákkal, az óváros egyik oldalát a Dyje folyó jelenti. Az Óvárosháza egy összetett épület, tornya még a gótikus - 68 méter magas, a sokat látott fiatornyos sisakformával, bár itt megkettozve - a kapuja reneszánsz. A Szent Miklós-templom románnak indult, de gótikussá építették át - nagyon szép -, a belsejét barokkizálták. A külseje már rendben van, belül most renoválják, így nem lehetett bejutni. Mellette van, a folyó feletti szirt szélén a Szent Vencel-templom 1520-ból, amely kétszintu; az alsó szintje román stílusú - ebbol nyílik egy körkápolna, amely egy idoben csontkamra volt - a felso pedig gótikus, a boltozata 1602-bol való. Az egész nagyon egyszeru és kis alapterületu, berendezése alig van, az is teljesen elkülönül stílusában is - most az ortodoxok használják, egy szimpatikus fiatal pópa mutatta meg a körkápolnát is.Innen a várba mentünk, ahova esküvo miatt sem juthattunk be. A vár mellett van a XI. századi Szent Katalin-rotunda, amelyben van szintén román stílusú freskó is, de sajnos ez sem volt nyitva. Következett Brno, amely végül az utolsó megnézett hely lett. A Péter-Pál-katedrálissal kezdtünk, amely mára alapvetoen gótikus - román elozményekkel, barokkosítás és viszaalakítás után. A szentélye tetszett, a világos gótikus kobordákkal. Jellegzetes tuszeru tornyai emblematikussá teszik. A nem tervezett nagy kanyar a Szuz Mária-templomhoz vezetett, amely1322-bol való téglagótikus, kívülrol az eredeti szépségét mutatja - ablaksora, oromfala. A Spílberk vár a kezdeti idok óta erodítmény, sok évszázad alatt épült ki a mostani állapotára - ez az egyetlen vár, ami a töröknek is ellen tudott volna állni. Jó kis gótikus részletek láthatók - kápolnának tunt az egyik rész, de a késobbi stílusok is tetszetosek. A múzeumba nem mentünk be, eléggé elcsigázottak voltak különösen a gyerekek - ekkor már 2 óra körül járt az ido. A várból a Szent Jakab-templomba mentünk, amely a németek temploma volt. XIII. századi csodaszép gótikus 3 hajós templom. Légiesen karcsú oszlopok, nagyon magas hajókat alkotnak, a szentély körül teljesen körülmegy a szélso hajó, s a boltozata pedig elnyugözo. Ez a templom sokkal jobban elvarázsolt, mint a katedrális. Egyáltalán nem katonás szimmetria jellemzi a hajó és a szentély boltozatát is, de a szentély fölötti óriási fantáziával, elegánsan szinte szövetté szove. Persze ezt a templomot is körbejártuk, a véleményünk természetesen nem változott meg róla - de az épület belülrol sokkal többet mutat.A fotéren még a reneszánsz Lipa-palotát megnéztük kívül-belül. Az Óvárosháza valóban jó kis épület, a gótika és a reneszánsz keveréke, a tornya igen magas. A bejárat fölötti gótikus díszének jellegzetessége, hogy a középso csúcsdísz vonala nem egyenes, hanem kanyarog. Az udvara is tetszett, no meg természe-tesen a nagy krokodil az átjáróban. Visszafelé az autóhoz még egy-két reneszánsz épületnél megpihent a szemünk, és még egy udvarról képet is készítettem. Ezzel ért véget végül a cseh túránk. 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Cayman Eco - Beyond Cayman  ??????Colombia to host 2020 World Environment Day on biodiversity?UN Environment11 December 2019Image Credit: Pacific Standard/Getty ImagesOn the eve of a critical year for environmental decision-making, Colombia, Germany and UN Environment Programme (UNEP) today announced that Colombia will host World Environment Day 2020 in partnership with Germany and that it will focus on biodiversity.World Environment Day takes place every year on 5 June. It is the United Nations’ flagship day for promoting worldwide awareness and action for the environment. Over the years, it has grown to be the largest global platform for environmental public outreach and is celebrated by millions of people in more than 100 countries.Making the announcement on the margins of the UN Climate Change Conference (COP25) in Madrid, Spain, Ricardo Lozano, Colombia’s Minister of Environment and Sustainable Development, Jochen Flasbarth, Germany’s State Secretary for Environment, and Inger Andersen, Executive Director of the UN Environment Programme, stressed that with one million plant and animal species facing extinction, there has never been a more important time to focus on the issue of biodiversity. Read the whole story here.??Hawaii’s Most Populated Island Passes Sweeping Single-Use Plastic Ban?Huff Post8 December 2019Image Credit: Hawaiilife.comLawmakers in Hawaii’s largest city just passed what could be one of the strictest bans on single-use plastics in the country.The Honolulu City Council this week voted 7-2 to pass Bill 40, which bans businesses and restaurants in Honolulu County from serving food and beverages with plastic straws and utensils and containers made of polystyrene foam. The legislation will take effect in phases, with polystyrene foam being banned first in 2021 and disposable plastic being banned in 2022.The measure will cover Honolulu County, which the council oversees and includes the entirety of Oahu, Hawaii’s most populated island.Lawmakers on the Big Island and Maui County, which includes the islands of Maui and Molokai, have previously banned foam containers but those measures do not cover plastic utensils. Honolulu County followed suit in 2015 and banned plastic bags in grocery stores, making Hawaii the only state at the time to completely ban most plastic bags. Read the whole story and watch the video here.?Seven Caribbean countries will ban the use of plastics in the year 2020?Yucatan Times4 December 2019Starting January 1st, 2020, single-use plastics and polystyrene will be banned in seven Caribbean countries, with the main objective of preventing ocean pollution which directly affects different marine species.Unfortunately, the Caribbean has been highlighted as one of the most polluted regions in the world, so this measure is intended to prevent the degradation of their marine habitat that would cause a health and food security  risk for some 40 million people living in coastal areas.Which Countries Will Ban The Use Of Plastic?Jamaica, Belize, Barbados, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Trinidad and Tobago and the Bahamas are the countries that will ban the import and use of single-use plastics and polystyrene starting on January 1st, 2020.ImportanceAn average of 5 billion plastic bags made from petroleum products are consumed each year, most of these items could take hundreds of years to degrade.FactsOf the world’s thirty largest per capita polluters of this type of plastic, ten are of the Caribbean region. Read the whole story here.?People of Venice protest over floods and cruise ships? The Guardian25 November 2019 Boots worn by a protester from Venice’s ‘No Big Ships’ committee. Photograph: Miguel Medina/AFP via Getty Images Thousands of Venetians have taken to the streets to protest over frequent flooding and the impact of giant cruise ships. In heavy rain between 2,000 and 3,000 people answered the call of environmental groups and a collective opposed to the ships. Critics say the waves cruise ships create are eroding Venice’s foundations. Chanting “Venice resist” and calling for the resignation of the mayor, Luigi Brugnaro, the marchers also appealed for a massive project, Mose, to be mothballed.The multi-billion euro infrastructure project has been under way since 2003 to protect the city from flooding but has been plagued by cost overruns, corruption scandals and delays. The protest follows unprecedented flooding that devastated the city, submerging homes, businesses and cultural treasures. “Venetians have just endured a deep wound. The flooding … brought this city to its knees and revealed its extreme fragility to the world,” said activist Enrico Palazzi. Read the whole story here.?China says stopping climate change needs everybody to get involved? Bloomberg News21 November 2019  Shanxi, China. Photographer: Kevin Frayer/Getty ImagesFacing down the challenges of climate change requires multilateral cooperation and global carbon emission reduction goals, according to China’s special representative for climate change affairs. China has always sought a “multilateral system” on climate change negotiations, and is willing to work with the U.S. to help reign in global warming, Xie Zhenhua, told a session of the New Economy Forum in Beijing on Thursday. The comments contrast with the decision by U.S. President Donald Trump to pull the world’s biggest economy out of the main multinational attempt to stave off global warming, the Paris climate accords.  Xie, who’s also president of the Institute of Climate Change & Sustainable Development at Tsinghua University, said China has an advantage when pursuing climate goals, as it’s central control of the economy provides levers to implement cleaner policies. Read the whole story here.?  A Roadmap for Combatting Climate Change? Conservation Law Foundation29 October 2019? Image credit: pnglot.com This post was co-written by Alyssa Rayman-Read, Vice President and Director of CLF Massachusetts, and Joan Meschino, state representative for the Third Plymouth District and lead sponsor of the 2050 Roadmap Bill. It originally appeared in Commonwealth. Living on the Massachusetts coastline means we both get a front-row seat to some of the most dramatic impacts of climate change. We can see what rising seas and pounding storms are doing to our beaches, businesses, and storied seaside communities. However, the effects of the climate crisis will not only be felt on the coast. Whether you live in Worcester, the Pioneer Valley, or on Cape Cod, none of us is immune to the public health, economic, and environmental impacts. The science is clear: Climate change threatens everything we know and depend on. And we have a responsibility to act now. Massachusetts has been a leader in the fight against climate change. Yet, several alarming reports by top climate scientists have made it clear that this fight is just beginning. If we are serious about safeguarding the character and nature of our communities, we must take action now. We need a bold commitment to addressing the climate crisis that includes concrete steps for reaching net-zero carbon emissions while promoting a just transition to a clean energy economy. That is why 59 legislators in the Massachusetts House and Senate, on both sides of the aisle, have signed onto the 2050 Roadmap Bill (H.3983). Developed with input from a diverse group of stakeholders, including labor and business leaders, local officials, environmentalists, and our utilities, the 2050 Roadmap Bill is a bold response to the crisis currently at our doorstep. The bill gives us a plan for steadily reducing our carbon pollution, while ensuring that the opportunities and benefits of a cleaner, healthier, more just economy are enjoyed by everyone in Massachusetts. Achieving carbon neutrality and a just transition by 2050 seems a daunting challenge. Still, it is one that we are confident that we can accomplish by updating and strengthening our existing legislative framework for climate action — the landmark Global Warming Solutions Act of 2008. Since it was implemented a decade ago, the GWSA has helped to drive our emissions down and our economy up, with the addition of more than 100,000 clean energy jobs in Massachusetts and over $13 billion annually to our economy. The 2050 Roadmap Bill will ensure that these nation-leading successes continue as we work to achieve net-zero greenhouse gas emissions. How will this happen? By combining the best-available science with a healthy measure of common sense. Like any business or family building for the future, the Commonwealth’s long-term climate goals will be best achieved by making a plan and then sticking to it. As its name signals, this wisdom lies at the heart of the 2050 Roadmap Bill. After re-calibrating our Global Warming Solutions Act goal to net-zero, the 2050 Roadmap Bill directs our state agencies to accelerate, broaden, and integrate their efforts to combat climate change, so that the Commonwealth will have a new, comprehensive strategy in place in record time. Shortly thereafter, the 2050 Roadmap Bill requires that the Commonwealth create new programs and regulations – whatever is needed to implement the plan. And not just once. The bill requires that we keep at it, updating our research, planning, and framework for action every three years so we can learn from our experience and continue to take advantage of new technologies, markets, and opportunities. As we accelerate these efforts, however, we need to ensure that we are moving forward together, building a new, clean energy economy that benefits us all. That is why the 2050 Roadmap Bill will, for the first time, place people-centered protections at the heart of our climate efforts. By requiring that the new plan and policies be designed to assess and minimize whenever possible any adverse economic, environmental, or public health impacts, this new legislation will ensure that low- and moderate-income people and those living in environmental justice neighborhoods thrive as we decarbonize. We do not need another study to tell us that the impacts of climate change are here. Storms are growing more intense each year, and we continue to break heat records every summer. We must reach net-zero emissions in the coming decades to ensure these conditions do not get worse, and the 2050 Roadmap Bill provides the plan to get us there. Read the whole story here.?  Ocean Cleanup mission takes aim at rivers? Mother Nature Network28 October 2019 The group behind the mission to rid our oceans of plastic has opened a second front in the war by pulling plastic from the world's most polluted waterways before it gets to the ocean. The Ocean Cleanup team unveiled a group of Interceptors, which are currently in operation on two rivers in Malaysia and Indonesia. By their estimate, roughly 80% of the world's plastic reaches the ocean through 1,000 rivers. The goal is to clean up those rivers by 2025, pulling in roughly 50,000 kilograms of plastic a day with each river Interceptor. "To truly rid the oceans of plastic, we need to both clean up the legacy and close the tap, preventing more plastic from reaching the oceans in the first place," said founder Boyan Slat. The river element was unveiled less than a month after the team successfully collected plastic in the ocean after a rocky few months. Read the whole story here.? Johnson’s Brexit Deal Could Water Down Environmental Standards? Forbes22 October 2019  Anti-Brexit protesters take part in 'Together for the Final Say' rally on October 19th, 2019, in London, UK. NURPHOTO VIA GETTY IMAGES The British Parliament is today fiercely debating whether to approve a new Brexit deal negotiated by British Prime Minister Boris Johnson, and its approval will depend on getting enough support from opposition Labour Party MEPs. But as they learn more about what this version of Brexit would have in store for British environmental protection, they less the Labour MEPs like it. Like in the United States, environmental law in the EU is an area mostly legislated at ‘federal’ level – that is, in Brussels. That’s because standards need to be consistent across the EU’s single market. If the U.K. secedes from the European Union, it will be free to make its own environmental law. Given that Johnson’s governing Conservative Party has cited EU environmental regulations as the kind of “red tape” they want to do away with, there are concerns that environment and climate law is about to be uprooted to make the U.K. a more attractive place for industry. Read the whole story here.? Budget 2020: Styrofoam is out, water coolers are in?Loop TT7 October 2019(TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO) Government will ban the use of Styrofoam food containers within the local business industry from January 1, 2020.The measure was announced by Finance Minister Colm Imbert in the national 2020 budget presentation in Parliament on October 7, 2019.The measure had been previously stated by the Planning Ministry in 2018, who was arranging the final stages of legislation for launch this year. Imbert said the ban means local Styrofoam manufacturers will be required to include additives to make their products biodegradable."In our pursuit to attain our stated goal of placing the environment at the centre of national development, I propose to eliminate the use of Styrofoam and single-use plastics within the national economy."As an initial step, I propose to ban the importation of Styrofoam for use in the food service industry and to require manufacturers of food containers to introduce additives to make their products biodegradable."Additionally, Imbert said government offices will switch out their plastic water bottles for water coolers, to reduce plastic usage. "In order to encourage behavioural change, I propose to terminate the use of plastic water bottles in Government offices and substitute them with coolers with filters. This measure will take effect on January 1, 2020," he said. Government has a mandate to ensure 10 percent of its energy output comes from renewable sources by 2021, as part of its Sustainable Development Goals (SGDs). Read the whole story here.? Ocean cleanup device successfully collects plastic for first time?The Guardian3 October 2019The boom skims up waste ranging in size from a discarded net and a car wheel to tiny chips of plastic. Photograph: APA huge floating device designed by Dutch scientists to clean up an island of rubbish in the Pacific Ocean that is three times the size of France has successfully picked up plastic from the high seas for the first time.Boyan Slat, the creator of the Ocean Cleanup project, tweeted that the 600 metre-long (2,000ft) free-floating boom had captured and retained debris from what is known as the Great Pacific Garbage Patch.Alongside a picture of the collected rubbish, which includes a car wheel, Slat wrote: “Our ocean cleanup system is now finally catching plastic, from one-ton ghost nets to tiny microplastics! Also, anyone missing a wheel?”......During a previous four-month trial the boom broke apart and no plastic was collected. Since then, changes have been made to the design including the addition of a “parachute anchor” to slow down the device’s movement in the ocean, allowing for faster-moving plastic debris to float into the system.The latest trial began in June when the system was launched into the sea from Vancouver. The project was started in 2013 and its design has undergone several major revisions. It is hoped the final design will be able to clean up half of the debris in the Great Pacific Garbage Patch. Read the whole story here.? A rising tide: ‘overtourism’ and the curse of the cruise ships?The Guardian16 September 2019In Kotor and Dubrovnik large cruise ships dock regularly throughout the season, depositing thousands of people each day into the tourist hotspots and putting intense pressure on the historic portsKnown as the “pearl of the Adriatic”, Dubrovnik has become one of the biggest tourist attractions in the Mediterranean. Its charming old town, array of Unesco World Heritage sites and sizeable port were always draws, but the new success of Game of Thrones, much of which was shot in the Croatian city, has made it a particularly popular stopoff point for cruise ships, whose passengers are told they can see the highlights in a single day.Smaller boats or tenders take the passengers on to dry land, where they are typically bussed into the old town. Tours often start at the 16th-century Pile Gate, followed by a stroll along the Stradun to the city walls, entrance to which costs €30 (£27). Game of Thrones locations and Europe’s oldest pharmacy in a 14th-century Franciscan monastery are big pulls.Last year around three million visitors descended on the old town, most of them having poured out of around 400 cruise ships docked in the harbour. Critics say they are causing long-term damage to historical sites, but with the livelihoods of 80% of the locals dependent on tourist traffic, some are reluctant to address the problems. Read the whole story here.?Climate cartoons: an illustrated guide to a major new climate crisis poll?The Guardian15 September 2019The Guardian’s comic artist Susie Cagle draws some conclusions from a major CBS News poll released today as part of Covering Climate Now.Read the full poll results: ‘Americans are waking up’.CBS News surveyed a representative sample of more than 2,000 Americans earlier this month and found that...'Chaos, chaos, chaos': a journey through Bolsonaro's Amazon inferno?The Guardian9 September 2019A forest fire near Palmeiras, an isolated Amazon settlement in Brazil’s Rondônia state.From afar, it resembles a tornado: an immense grey column shooting thousands of feet upwards from the forest canopy into the Amazonian skies.Up close it is an inferno: a raging conflagration obliterating yet another stretch of the world’s greatest rainforest as a herd of Nelore cattle looks on in bewilderment.“It started this morning,” said Valdir Urumon, the chief of an indigenous village in this isolated corner of Rondônia state, as the vast pillar of smoke loomed over his settlement’s palm-thatched homes.By late afternoon, when the Guardian arrived on the scene, the fire had intensified into a catastrophic blaze, streaking north through a strip of jungle perhaps two miles long.Huge plumes of smoke drifted skywards as if this sweep of woodland near Brazil’s north-western border with Bolivia had been subjected to a ferocious bombing campaign. At the farmhouse nearest to the blaze the lights were on but not a soul was to be seen – much less anyone who might extinguish the giant pyre.But two empty petrol barrels and a cluster of plastic jerrycans dumped at its entrance hinted at a possible culprit – a cattle rancher torching yet another swath of the Brazilian jungle in order to expand his Amazon domain.Three weeks after Brazil’s unusually severe burning season sparked an international storm, the far-right government of Jair Bolsonaro has launched a global PR campaign to try to convince the world everything is under control. Read the whole story here.? Why we must protect the ocean's 'twilight zone'?Mother Nature Network4 September 2019The twilight zone is so cold and dark that often the only light comes from bioluminescent life. (Photo: Margus Vilibas/Shutterstock)?Most of us think of the ocean as what we see on the sunny surface. But beneath the shimmering waves, there's a deeper layer called the twilight zone.Referred to by scientists as the mesopelagic, this dimension is considered a "dark hole" in our understanding of ecosystems and one of the most understudied regions in the world.The twilight zone can be found 200 to 1,000 meters (about 650 to 3,300 feet) below the ocean surface, at the point where the sun's rays can no longer reach, according to the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute (WHOI) in Massachusetts. Because it's so deep and there's no sunlight, it's cold and dark.But that doesn't mean this deep layer is still and quiet. Instead, it's full of life including fish, crustaceans, jellyfish, squids and worms.Occasionally, there are bursts of bioluminescence, when living creatures give off their natural glows.Researchers estimate there may be up to 1 million undiscovered species in the zone. Oceanographers who want to study this life don't have much natural light to observe them. But if they use too much artificial light, they risk frightening them. So researchers are still trying to find the right balance.Studies have suggested that the biomass or weight of fish in the twilight zone might be as much as 10 times greater than they had originally thought, which is more than in the rest of the entire ocean. It could, in fact, make up more than 90% of all fish in the sea, according to the Blue Marine Foundation. Read the whole story here.?Brazil’s Bolsonaro on the Environment, in His Own Words?The New York Times27 August 2019President Jair Bolsonaro of Brazil has often criticized agencies that enforce environmental laws, and called fines for environmental crimes an “industry” that needs to be abolished. (Photo Credit: Adriano Machado/Reuters)Facing an avalanche of criticism over the fires raging across the Amazon, President Jair Bolsonaro of Brazil pledged in a televised address on Friday that his government would take a “zero tolerance” approach to environmental crimes.But that position is at odds with Mr. Bolsonaro’s own track record on safeguarding his country’s environment. Since taking office, he has worked relentlessly and unapologetically to roll back enforcement of Brazil’s once-strict environmental protections.More broadly, Mr. Bolsonaro has championed industries that want greater access to protected areas of the Amazon, sought to weaken the land rights of Indigenous people and scaled back efforts to combat illegal logging, ranching and mining.But last week, a surge in fires in the Amazon set off a wave of international outrage, with politicians, celebrities and protesters raising the alarm. It soon became clear that Brazil stood to lose mightily if Mr. Bolsonaro did not take action to protect the forest: European leaders said they might walk away from a trade deal struck in June and calls to boycott Brazilian products were gaining traction on social media. Read the whole story here.? The City Just Sweated Through Its 10th-Hottest July Ever?New York Today20 August 2019It was hot last month. In fact, it was the 10th-hottest July on record in New York City, according to data from the National Weather Service, which has been monitoring temperatures in Central Park since 1869.New Yorkers, though, weren’t alone in suffering through oppressive and dangerous heat. The average number of heat waves in 50 major American cities has tripled since the 1960s. And last week, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration declared that last month was the hottest July on record for the planet. Read the whole story here.? 17 countries currently use more than 80 percent of their typical yearly water supply?Science News8 August 2019PARCHED  People line up for water in New Delhi, one of several Indian cities that have faced water crises this year. A new analysis shows the country is one of 17 that typically uses more than 80 percent of its water supply. SHASHANK AGARWAL/SHUTTERSTOCKThe world is facing a water scarcity crisis, with 17 countries including India, Israel and Eritrea using more than 80 percent of their available water supplies each year, a new analysis finds. Those countries are home to a quarter of the world’s 7.7 billion people. Further population rise or dwindling water supplies could cause critical water shortages, the researchers warn.“As soon as a drought hits or something unexpected happens, major cities can find themselves in very dire situations,” says Rutger Hofste, a data scientist at the Washington, D.C.–based World Resources Institute, which released the data on August 6. “That’s something that we expect to see more and more.”To gauge countries’ risk — or “water stress,” WRI updated its online calculator with data from 1961 to 2014 on water use by households, industry and agriculture, as well as water supply data from surface sources and aquifers. Previously, the tool — called the Aqueduct Water Risk Atlas — assessed water demand based a snapshot of 2010 data.People “immediately link [water woes] to climate change,” says Hofste, who is based in Amsterdam. But economic and population growth “are the biggest drivers.” Water use has increased by 250 percent, from 1,888.7 cubic kilometers in 1961 to 4,720.8 cubic kilometers in 2014, the analysis found. Read the whole story here.? How the 5 riskiest U.S. cities for coastal flooding are preparing for rising tides?Science News6 August 2019HIGH STAKES  Miami is the U.S. city at greatest risk of coastal flooding. Here, a 2009 storm brought 8 to 9 inches of rain to Miami Beach.The five U.S. cities most at risk from coastal flooding have begun to make plans for adapting to rising sea levels. Some are further along than others. Here’s where their flood resilience efforts stand:MIAMIFlorida’s flooding risk comes not just from storms and high tides but also from water seeping up through the porous limestone that underlies much of the state. After 2017’s Hurricane Irma caused more than $50 billion in damage, Miami residents voted in favor of a new tax to fund coastal flooding resilience projects across the city. The first project, in the city’s low-lying Fair Isle neighborhood, broke ground in March and will construct a drainage collection system and raise roadways.NEW YORK CITYIn 2012, Hurricane Sandy hit New York City with a 3.4-meter storm tide, causing over $19 billion in damage. Although there are now several programs to guide rebuilding and resiliency efforts, few adaptation projects have come to fruition, says Robert Freudenberg, an environmental planner with the Regional Plan Association in New York City. In March, the New York City Panel on Climate Change released a report and new flooding maps. In May, the city’s Office of Emergency Management began installing sandbags around lower Manhattan as a temporary measure to protect the waterfront while more permanent solutions are considered.Read the whole story here.? Brazilian institute head fired after clashing with nation’s president over deforestation data?ScienceMag.org4 August 2019Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro (left), here with Minister of the Environment Ricardo Salles, attacked the validity of satellite data showing deforestation in Brazil has increased since he took office. AP PHOTO/ERALDO PERESThe director of the Brazilian agency that monitors deforestation was fired Friday, following a public face-off with President Jair Bolsonaro. Physicist Ricardo Galvão announced his own ousting as director of National Institute for Space Research (INPE) to reporters in Brasília, saying his altercation with the president had made the situation “unsustainable.” No replacement has been announced.Known for his stout personality, Galvão challenged Bolsonaro on 20 July, rebutting remarks about deforestation the president had made the day before. Questioned by journalists about the rise of deforestation in the Amazon—as indicated by satellite data from INPE’s Real-time Deforestation Detection System (DETER)—Bolsonaro called the institute’s data “a lie,” and said Galvão appeared to be “at the service of some nongovernmental organization.” Galvão replied by calling Bolsonaro a “coward,” defending INPE science, and daring Bolsonaro to repeat the accusation to his face. Bolsonaro didn’t meet with Galvão and continued to question INPE data in the following 2 weeks, even as deforestation continued. According to the latest DETER numbers, approximately 4500 square kilometers of forest were cleared in the first 7 months of this year, since the beginning of Bolsonaro’s administration—60% more than in the same period in 2018. Read the whole story here.?Ethiopia plants over 350 million trees in a day, setting new world record?UN Environment2 August 2019Photo credit: SmithsonianMag.comIn a record-breaking day this week, at the Gulele Botanical Garden in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia launched an historic tree planting campaign. Over 350 million trees were planted in an ambitious move to counter the effects of deforestation and climate change.The event is part of Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed’s Green Legacy Initiative. It aimed at planting 200 million trees in a single day in 1,000 sites across the country.Prime Minister Ahmed congratulated the country for not only meeting its collective Green Legacy goal but also exceeding it.Ethiopia's Minister of Innovation and Technology Getahun Mekuria was quoted saying that more than 350 million trees were planted in 12 hours, breaking the world record held by India since 2016, for the most trees planted in one day and which stood at 50 million trees. Read the whole story here.?School kids are drawn into battle over palm oil and the environment?Los Angeles Times2 August 2019Forest land smolders in Taruma Mirim, Brazil, after it was slashed and burned to make way for a palm plantation. (Brian Vander Brug / Los Angeles Times)Schoolchildren in Malaysia are at the center of the controversy over palm oil after staging a play that claimed it causes deforestation and the disappearance of thousands of orangutans every year.Students of the International School at ParkCity in Kuala Lumpur showed an excerpt from an anti-palm oil advertisement made by Greenpeace, prompting criticism of the school by Teresa Kok, the minister in charge of the industry. Kok, who’s championed the commodity - Malaysia’s biggest agricultural export, which is used in a huge range of consumer products, including ice cream, bread, cosmetics and cleaning products - said the school was spreading anti-palm-oil propaganda.The school later apologized, but questions have been raised over how far the government will go to control the image of its key agricultural industry. The scene encapsulates the larger political tensions with the European Union, where palm oil faces new limits on its use in the bloc’s biofuel sector. The furor surrounding the school shows just how sensitive the government has become over how palm oil is perceived. Read the whole story here.? Philippines: Most deadly place to defend the environment?ClickOn Detroit31 July 2019Protesters in the Philippines call on President Rodrigo Duterte to end extrajudicial killings.LONDON - The Philippines is now the deadliest country in the world for land and environmental defenders, with 34 killed in 2018, according to new research.Worldwide, a total of 164 people were killed in related violence - an average of more than three per week - according to the "Enemies of the State?" report from NGO Global Witness. Mining conflicts were responsible for the largest share of the deaths.But in the Philippines, disputes linked to agribusiness led to half of the killings, according to the research. Such conflicts have increased in the Southeast Asian nation due to President Rodrigo Duterte's plans to hand 1.6 million hectares of land over to industrial plantations.At the same time, Duterte's "war on drugs," which has led to thousands of extrajudicial killings, is creating a "culture of fear," according to the NGO. Read the whole story here.? Greta Thunberg to Attend New York Climate Talks. She’ll Take a Sailboat.?The New York Times29 July 2019Greta Thunberg at the National Assembly in Paris on Tuesday.CreditCreditPhilippe Wojazer/ReutersGreta Thunberg, the 16-year-old Swedish climate activist, will cross the Atlantic Ocean in mid-August on an open-cockpit racing yacht to attend a United Nations summit meeting on global warming.“Good news! I’ll be joining the U.N. Climate Action Summit in New York,” Ms. Thunberg said Monday on Twitter. “I’ve been offered a ride on the 60ft racing boat Malizia II.”The trip to New York is expected to take two weeks. Ms. Thunberg, who is taking the year off from school to campaign against climate change, also plans to attend the annual United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change talks, to be held in December in Santiago, Chile.She has called the two conferences “pretty much where our future will be decided” because nations will be pushed to further reduce emissions of the planet-warming gasses that come from burning fossil fuels. “We still have a window of time when things are in our own hands. But that window is closing fast. That is why I have decided to make this trip now,” Ms. Thunberg said in a statement Monday. Greta Thunberg plans to sail to New York in August aboard the Malizia II. CreditEPA, via ShutterstockMs. Thunberg does not fly because of the greenhouse gas emissions associated with air travel. She had been seeking an alternate means of traveling to New York for the summit meeting. Read the whole story here.? Fear of flying? Plant a spekboom to offset your carbon footprint?Daily Maverick30 July 2019Some of the 600 spekboom handed to delegates at the SATSA conference to get the carbon offset programme rolling. (Photo: SATSA)Flygskam — the word coined in Sweden to describe the shame of flying because of the high amount of climate-changing carbon that air travel generates — is gaining traction in Europe with increasing numbers turning to rail instead.While the flygskam movement can help cut carbon emissions, if the trend grows substantially it could have a negative impact on tourism in countries that Europeans cannot reach by hopping on a train — such as South Africa.The South African tourism industry is alert to that and has come up with a scheme it hopes will ensure European tourists don’t ditch plans to fly here on holiday because of the embarrassment of clocking up carbon emissions.The idea takes the form of a carbon-offsetting project launched a few weeks ago at the Southern African Tourism Services Association’s (SATSA) annual conference in the Eastern Cape.SATSA hopes that the project will grow to such a level that tourist flights to and from South Africa will eventually become carbon-neutral.There is nothing hi-tech about it, nor anything involving complex finance or carbon markets. It simply entails planting succulents. Not just any succulents, but the humble spekboom — many millions of them — as a carbon-offsetting mechanism.? Read the whole story here. Loggerhead sea turtles nesting in record numbers in Southeast?Mother Nature Network16 July 2019Photo: Bureau of Land Management/FlickrMassive loggerhead sea turtles lumber ashore each summer to dig nests in the sand along the Atlantic Coast. Although they're found worldwide mostly in subtropical and temperate ocean waters, they're the most abundant sea turtle species found in U.S. coastal waters of the Atlantic, from North Carolina through southwest Florida, according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).All loggerhead turtle populations are listed as endangered or threatened under the Endangered Species Act and classified as vulnerable (with their numbers decreasing) on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.But there's some good news this summer. There's an egg-laying boom along the coast in Georgia, South Carolina and North Carolina, reports The Associated Press. Wildlife researchers credit the comeback to federal protections that were put in place more than 30 years ago.As MNN's Russell McLendon points out, the government protects endangered sea turtles in several ways:"Coastal wildlife refuges provide key nesting habitat, for example, since they're largely free of sea walls, beach lights and other types of development that can deter or disorient turtles. Refuge workers also cage eggs against predators like raccoons and opossums, and relocate nests at risk of washing away. And since the Endangered Species Act forbids killing or disturbing endangered turtles, they're also relatively safe from human hunters." Read the whole story here.? Trump touts environment record, green groups scoff?Reuters8 July 2019Photo credit: businessinsider.comWASHINGTON - U.S. President Donald Trump boasted about his administration’s environmental record on Monday, saying America can lead the world in fighting pollution at the same time it is promoting fossil fuels, in a speech green groups derided as “utter fantasy.”Trump, who has dismantled scores of environmental rules and rejected mainstream climate science since taking office, gave the speech at a time of growing national support here for strong environmental protections. He is widely seen as vulnerable on that issue ahead of next year's presidential elections. Read the whole story here.? How could Brexit impact the environment??France 245 July 2019Image credit: Politico.euWhen you live in Europe, the air you breathe, the water you drink and the meat or fish you eat are all controlled in Brussels. That could no longer be the case for the United Kingdom. Due to Brexit, the country is now entering uncharted territory, and the environment could become collateral damage.About 80 percent of the UK's environmental rules derive from European laws, which over the past decades have played a leading role in helping the country clean up.Previously considered the "dirty man of Europe", the UK has reduced its CO2 emissions by 38 percent since 1990, faster than any other major developed country.So how could the UK's EU withdrawal impact the environment? The government has promised a green Brexit, but activists worry much of the progress made could be undone. Read the whole story here.? Nigeria turns the tide on electronic waste?UN Environment19 June 2019An ambitious new project launched in Lagos today is aiming to reform the electronics sector and put an end to the toxic toll improper management of electronic waste is taking on Nigeria.Over half a million tonnes of discarded appliances are processed in the country every year, threatening both the health of people in the informal recycling industry and the nation’s environment.With backing from the Global Environment Facility, the Government of Nigeria has joined forces with UN Environment and partners to turn the tide on e-waste, under the Circular Economy Approaches for the Electronics Sector in Nigeria project. Led by the National Environmental Standards and Regulations Enforcement Agency (NESREA), the $15-million initiative will bring together players from government, the private sector and civil society to kickstart a financially self-sustaining circular economy approach for electronics in Nigeria, protecting the environment while creating safe employment for thousands of Nigerians. Read the whole story here.?China’s environment ministry summons six city mayors for failing to deal with winter smog?South China Morning Post13 June 2019Baoding is one of two cities in the steel heartland of Hebei province that failed to meet its air pollution targets. Photo: AlamyChina’s environment ministry has summoned the mayors of six northern cities to a meeting in Beijing to account for their failures to meet winter targets to cut smog.Average air quality worsened significantly in much of northern China over the winter compliance period from October to March, prompting concerns the country’s “war on pollution” was losing steam amid an economic slowdown.The cities named by the Ministry of Ecology and Environment on Thursday were Baoding and Langfang in the steel heartland of Hebei province, as well as Luoyang, Anyang and Puyang in neighbouring Henan and Jinzhong in Shanxi.“These cities have relaxed their efforts to defend the blue skies, key tasks have not been completed … and some problems have rebounded,” the ministry said.? Read the whole story here. World Environment Day: 10 Quotes To Inspire You For Better Living?NDTV5 June 2019Image credit: dhakatribune.comNEW DELHI: World Environment Day is celebrated on June 5 every year. Each year, World Environment Day has a new theme. The year's World Environment Day 2019 theme is "Beat Air Pollution" and the host is China. It was first established by the UN General Assembly in 1972. The day puts focus on environment and how it affects people's health. Pledging for a cleaner, safer, sustainable planet, this World Environment Day brings the focus on living in harmony with nature and addressing various challenges our environment faces.World Environment Day Quotes To Inspire You:For a better tomorrow, plant more trees and make this planet a better place to live in."Each one plant as many as you can" should be today's mantra.Live life more sustainably by being in sync with nature.A life lived consciously is a life best lived.Say no to plastic. Make your life eco-friendly products your best friend."Earth provides enough to satisfy every man's needs, but not every man's greed."- Mahatma Gandhi"A nation that destroys its soils destroys itself. Forests are the lungs of our land, purifying the air and giving fresh strength to our people."- Franklin D Roosevelt"What is the use of a house if you haven't got a tolerable planet to put it on?"- Henry David Thoreau, Familiar LettersNature is the best healer. Do not spoil it with your acts.Start changing your habits and make them environment friendly.Be pro-environment, pro-energy conservation and pro-nature this World Environment Day.Make environmentally conscious choices this World Environment Day.?Costa Rica has doubled its forest cover in the last 30 years?Mother Nature Network24 May 2019Photo: Anna Om/Shutterstock?In an interview with The New York Times, the country's first lady, urban planner Claudia Dobles, says that achieving that goal would combat a “sense of negativity and chaos” in the face of global warming. "We need to start providing answers."Although the goal seems like a big one, the tiny country lush with rainforests has already made some impressive inroads. Notably, after decades of deforestation, Costa Rica has doubled its tree cover in the last 30 years. Now, half of the country's land surface is covered with trees. That forest cover is able to absorb a huge amount of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.Although the story of Costa Rica's tree cover is a bit of a roller coaster, it's definitely on a positive climb now. In the 1940s, more than three-quarters of the country was covered in mostly tropical rainforests and other indigenous woodland, according to United Nations University. But extensive, uncontrolled logging led to severe deforestation. By 1983, only 26% of the country had forest cover. But through a continued environmental focus by policymakers, today forest cover has increased to 52%, which is double 1983 levels.Costa Rican President Carlos Alvarado has called the climate crisis "the greatest task of our generation." He and other Costa Rican leaders hope they can spur other nations to follow their example. Read the whole story here. Mexico City declares environment emergency as fires hurt air quality?Reuters14 May 2019?A Mexican flag against a hazy backdrop of buildings in metropolitan Mexico City May 14, 2019. Mexican authorities declared an environmental emergency on Tuesday for metropolitan Mexico City as smoke from nearby wildfires pushed pollution to levels deemed potentially harmful to human health. REUTERS/Henry Romero?Environmental authorities advised residents to avoid outdoor activities and exercise and remain indoors with windows and doors shut. It called for especially sensitive groups, including infants, the elderly and sick, to stay at home.The local government said later that the circulation of vehicles would be restricted for most of Wednesday.The Mexican capital is home to nearly 9 million people, with more than 21 million in its metropolitan area.The city’s Environmental Commission of the Megalopolis came under pressure to act after visibility in the city began dropping sharply last week because of ash and smoke in the air. Dry weather has played a role in a spate of fires around the city. Read the whole story here.? One burger, hold the meat?CBC The National8 May 2019Lester Walker of Ghetto Gastro adds the finishing touches to a Beyond Beef dish during a product showcase in New York City last month. (Stuart Ramson/Associated Press)Once upon a time, only vegetarians, vegans and health food aficionados would be eager to nosh on meatless meals. Now food manufacturers, grocery stores and investors see huge potential in this growing consumer trend. When California-based company Beyond Meat listed its shares on the stock market late last week, the share price shot up 163 per cent on the first day of trading.Beyond Meat patties were introduced in an A&W burger last summer. When they sold out almost immediately, it helped ignite the phenomenon.That product is now going to be available for sale at grocery stores as well, for home grilling. And other brands and other products are coming fast.Even Canadian meat giant Maple Leaf Foods is jumping on the bandwagon, investing a whopping $600 million in plant-based protein. I interviewed CEO Michael McCain for this story, and he says he now views Maple Leaf as a "protein company," not as a meat company. "The consumer has been very clear that they want more protein in their diet, that they want more choice," he says. Read the whole story here.? UK MPs declare climate emergency?Cayman News Service3 May 2019?Jeremy Corbyn addresses a crowd after climate emergency declared by Parliament?Members of the UK parliament have backed a motion brought by the opposition leader, Jeremy Corbyn, declaring an environmental emergency. The House of Commons declaration comes on the heels of mass protests in London by grassroots environmental group Extinction Rebellion. While the parliamentary support for the declaration is not legally binding on the British government, it was described by the Labour leader as “a huge step forward” that could trigger a wave of “action from parliaments and governments around the globe”.“We pledge to work as closely as possible with countries that are serious about ending the climate catastrophe and make clear to US President Donald Trump that he cannot ignore international agreements and action on the climate crisis,” he said.Labour’s motion also calls on the government to aim to achieve net-zero emissions before 2050 and for ministers to outline urgent proposals to restore the UK’s natural environment and deliver a “zero waste economy” within the next six months. Read the whole story here.? Coachella 2019: This organization wants to save the environment with the festival’s fans?20 April 2019The Press-Enterprise?Attendees of the Coachella Valley Music and Arts Festival enjoy riding seesaws at the Energy Factory booth on Saturday, April 20, 2019. (Photo by Drew A. Kelley, Contributing Photographer)?There are a few things you’ve come to expect at the Coachella Valley Music and Arts Festival.First, there’s the music and discovering new artists. Then there’s the heat, always the heat.And for 16 out of the past 20 years the festival has been happening, people have also been learning about the environment — even if they didn’t know it — thanks to Global Inheritance.As Earth Day approaches, the nonprofit environmental awareness organization, which is responsible for bringing the now iconic and colorfully decorated recycling bins and the teeter-totter that uses kinetic energy to charge your phone, celebrates its sweet 16 at Coachella with a couple of new programs.“We design programming to get people that aren’t engaged in environmental and social issues. We’re sort of that first date for people to experience different things from energy to recycling and transportation,” said Eric Ritz, founder and executive director of Global Inheritance.“It’s all the really obvious things we need to fix in the world and we present them in a way that is fun and interactive,” he added. Read the whole story here.? Living in a country that thinks green?BBC15 April 2019Norway (Photo credit: kimkim.com)?The latest climate reports look grim: recent research published in Science journal indicates that oceans are warming 40% faster than previously thought, while the UN panel of climate-change scientists released a landmark report in October 2018 warning that rising temperatures may cause major flooding, droughts, food shortages and wildfires by 2040 unless drastic action is taken.While the global community still has a long way to go in addressing the reported climate changes, certain countries have emerged as making positive global contributions to the planet, according to the Good Country Index, which aims to measure the impact a single country has on the wider world, such as its ecological footprint relative to the size of the economy and the percentage of renewable energy used.“In our age of advanced globalisation and massive interdependence, everything sooner or later, has an impact on the whole system,” said Simon Anholt, an independent policy advisor who founded the index. “I wanted to create the first index that measured the external impact of each country on the whole of humanity, the whole planet, outside its own borders.” Read the whole story here.? Sounding the climate alarm?CBC News: The National Today2 April 2019?A pharmacy sign displays record-breaking temperatures in Lille, northern France, last summer. There are several disturbing new reports about the pace and effects of global warming. (Denis Charlet/AFP/Getty Images)?The world is quickly getting warmer, and what little we are doing to combat the problem might actually be making things worse.  That's the conclusion of a series of alarming new studies and reports published over the past week, looking at the galloping impact of climate change both in Canada and around the globe.A comprehensive federal report on Canada's changing climate, released this morning, says the country is warming twice as fast as the rest of the world, with an average rise of 1.7 C since 1948. It's even more extreme in the far North, where temperatures have increased 2.3 C in the same period.The findings echo the UN's World Meteorological Organization report on the State of the Global Climate in 2018, which catalogued another year of record temperatures, soaring carbon dioxide levels, melting glaciers, and rising sea levels — up 2 to 3 mm from 2017.??The organization estimates that 62 million people worldwide were affected by extreme weather events last year, with more than two million of them forced to relocate. Read the whole story here.? The Arctic Ocean, explained?National Geographic31 March 2019?Black-legged kittiwakes soar past an Arctic Ocean iceberg in Svalbard, Norway. (Photo credit: Toehold.in)?THE ARCTIC OCEAN is Earth's northernmost body of water. It encircles the Arctic, and flows beneath it. Most of the Arctic Ocean is covered by ice throughout the year—although that is starting to change as temperatures climb. Pale and stark on the surface, the Arctic Ocean is home to a stunning array of life.Though it's the world's smallest ocean—spanning 6.1 million square miles—the Arctic is now receiving unprecedented international attention. Scientists are racing to understand how warming temperatures will alter Arctic Ocean waters—and by extension the rest of the climate—and world leaders are racing to control newly opening waters.The Arctic Ocean is warming faster than anywhere else on Earth and feeling the onslaught of climate change. Read the whole story here.? UK pupils to join global strike over climate change crisis8 February 2019The GuardianStudents protest for climate action during a Fridays for Future school strike in Magdeburg, Germany. Photograph: Klaus-Dietmar Gabbert/APThe school climate strikes that have led to tens of thousands of young people taking to the streets around the world over recent months are poised to arrive in the UK next Friday.Thousands of pupils are expected to walk out of lessons at schools and colleges across the country amid growing concern about the escalating climate crisis.The movement started in August when the 16-year-old schoolgirl Greta Thunberg held a solo protest outside Swedens parliament. Now, up to 70,000 schoolchildren each week are taking part in 270 towns and cities worldwide.Individual protests have been held in the UK, but next week a coordinated day of action is expected to result in walkouts in more than 30 towns and cities from Lancaster to Truro, and Ullapool to Leeds. Read the whole story here. Climate change endangers small Jewish communities, warn campaigners23 January 2019The JCGeorge Town Harbour flooded by rough seas (Photo credit: Cayman News Service)The Commonwealth Jewish Council is launching a campaign to raise awareness of the dangers climate change poses to small islands.Its Small Islands: Big Challenges campaign will be inaugurated on Monday at a Westminster event to be addressed by the governments former special adviser on climate change, Sir David King.Members of the CJCs 37 communities will be asked to press their governments to take action in line with the 2015 Paris Agreement on climate change.CJC president Lord Mendelsohn - who this week hosted a dinner in the Lords for High Commissioners from small islands - said the organisation backed efforts to persuade countries to implement the Paris Agreement.But we hope for more, he said in an introduction to the CJCs campaign pack. We hope to help develop durable partnerships that can deal with the challenges of weather extremes and climate change and their terrible impacts.We want to help across the range of need, from finding ways to build early warning systems and adaptation measures to mechanisms to build resilient communities.The campaign has been timed to follow this weeks celebration of Tu Bishvat, the New Year for Trees.In a video message of support which cited the commandment given to Adam to take care of the world, Chief Rabbi Ephraim Mirvis said: We have a Jewish foreign policy for the 21st century. It is our responsibility within our Jewish psyche to recognise what we should be doing for the world around us.Recalling a holiday he and his Valerie had spent in the Cayman Islands, he said residents had told him of the horrific experience they had endured when a hurricane submerged Grand Cayman under water. Read the whole story here. When it comes to saving Floridas environment, DeSantis gets it so far11 January 2019Miami HeraldPhoto credit: orlandoweekly.comGov. Ron DeSantis got lots of attention when he focused on the environment for a handful of paragraphs during his inauguration speech last week.The unusually optimistic reaction shows that Floridians who hope to preserve a few precious pieces of this remarkable place are starved for hope and desperate for leadership.DeSantis began his green passage with an understatement: Our economic potential will be jeopardized if we do not solve the problems afflicting our environment and water resources.In truth, Floridas economy wont merely be jeopardized if we dont clean up our act; it will be strangled. Witness the crushing impact of the marathon red-tide outbreak and blue-green algae blooms upon businesses in coastal communities. That was a harrowing, nauseating, tourist-repelling glimpse of the future.But, unlike his predecessor, DeSantis seems to grasp that its a serious long-term challenge, not a fleeting scientific anomaly-turned-political inconvenience. The quality of our water and environmental surroundings are foundational to our prosperity as a state, DeSantis said. It doesnt just drive tourism; it affects property values, anchors many local economies and is central to our quality of life. The water is part and parcel of Florida s DNA, he went on. Protecting it is the smart thing to do; its also the right thing to do.Some wariness from the public would make sense, because this isnt the first time weve heard such words from politicians who in times of choking red tides or slime-covered rivers become born-again environmentalists. The test, of course, is how hard (or if) the politicians back up their words after the campaign is over.DeSantis is wasting no time. On Thursday, he issued a head-spinning executive order calling for a $2.5 billion hike in environmental funding, including increased water-quality monitoring, a purge of septic tanks, and hang on a ban on fracking. This is a Republican, folks, one who apparently has heard of Theodore Roosevelt. Read the whole story here. In India, Natures Power Overwhelms Engineered WetlandsYale Enviornment 36020 December 2018Partially submerged houses in Kerala, India last August. REUTERS / SIVARAM VIn India, they call the state of Kerala in the countrys far south Gods own country. That wasnt how it felt last August, when monsoon floods devastated its densely populated low-lying coastal plain. Around 500 people drowned, in an area best known to outsiders for its placid backwaters, a network of brackish lakes, lagoons, and canals where growing numbers of Western tourists cruise the picturesque waterways aboard luxury houseboats.Now that the floodwaters have abated, questions are being raised about whether the disaster was made worse by water engineering projects in the backwaters designed to feed the states population and attract tourists. Increasingly, Kerala residents are wondering if Gods own country is damned as well as dammed.The floods came out of the Western Ghats. This chain of mountains down the west side of India is one of the countrys wettest places, drenched from June to September in monsoon. In early August, the rains there were exceptionally intense and unremitting. The rivers flowing from the mountains west toward the Arabian Sea dumped their water into the backwaters on a coastal plain that is largely below sea level. Read the whole story here. Do Brazilians really care about the environment?Scientific American8 November 2018by Carlos SouzaPhoto credit: Getty ImagesThe election of Jair Bolsonaro as our next president suggests we dont, but the truth is more complicated.Brazil is the guardian of the planets largest tropical rainforest, where most of the Earth's biodiversity and forest carbon stocks are concentrated, and which possesses the worlds largest reservoir of fresh water. Its natural patrimony extends over other five unique biomes. Even though, recently elected President Jair Bolsonaro, with 55 percent of valid votes, had made clear during his campaign that the environmental agenda was not a priority.Bolsonaros first moves after the election showed signs that he was going to merge the Ministry of the Environment with the Ministry of Agriculture. However, in response to initial critiques from academics, NGOs, conservationists, and part of the agribusiness sectorsuch a merger had been called an extinction by conservationists, anthropologists, and activistsBolsonaro is backing down. But Bolsonaro has promised other actions that could negatively affect the environmental, such as allowing mining inside Protected Areas; ending he calls an industry" of fines designed to enforce the environmental regulation; and making environmental licensing for infrastructure development and the use of pesticides more flexible.Collateral effects of his promises during the presidential campaign to loosen environmental regulations have already begun. Deforestation in the Amazon region has risen, according to existing forest monitoring alerts (see SAD data from Imazon and DETER data from Inpe.), and more invasions of Protected Areas. Read the whole story here. The White House approved a climate reportThe New York TimesClimate Fwd:by Lisa Friedman10 October 2018Its been a big week for climate science. My colleague Coral Davenport, who spent the past week in Korea nailing down the findings of a landmark report from the United Nations scientific panel on climate change, writes that the immediate consequences of global warming are more dire than previously thought. The report describes a strong risk of crisis as early as 2040.At current levels of warming, which stand around 1.8 degrees Fahrenheit (1.0 degree Celsius) above preindustrial levels, the planet is already seeing more intense forest fires, coral bleaching, storm surges and crop failures.Things will get far worse, the report found, if the warming reaches 2.7 degrees Fahrenheit (1.5 degrees Celsius). That, unfortunately, is the course were on. This piece by Brad Plumer and Nadja Popovich helps visualize how critical that half-degree Celsius can be.Despite the scientists call to action, Coral and Mark Landler report, the response from the White House was muted, with President Trump saying Tuesday evening only that he will be looking at it. Since the Trump administration has systematically worked to discredit climate science and dismantle regulations aimed at reducing greenhouse gas emissions, it fit a pattern.And yet Coral noted something significant: Despite its stance on climate science, the Trump administration formally approved the document. In the world of diplomacy, it sends a signal that even the Trump administration might not be willing to publicly buck the conclusions of the worlds top climate scientists. Read the whole story here. Nobel Prize-winning economist says carbon taxes are the solution to climate changeCBC8 October 2018Paul Romer,2018 Nobel Memorial Prize in economic sciences co-winner(Photo credit: qz.com)Just hours before William Nordhaus and Paul Romer won a Nobel Prize on Monday for their work on the economics of climate change, the UN issued a dire warning about global warming.The report from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change says that an extra single degree of heat could make a life-or-death difference in the next few decades for multitudes of people and ecosystems on this fast-warming planet.But Romer whose work focuses on adapting economic theory to take better account of environmental issues and technological progress says this crisis can easily be averted through economic policy. Read the whole story here. Swiss Company Opens Its Third CO2-Capturing SiteYale Environment 3602 October 2018A new ClimeWorks facility in Italy will suck 150 metric tons of CO2 from the atmosphere every year. CLIMEWORKSClimeWorks, a Swiss company working to commercialize carbon sequestration technology, has opened its third carbon dioxide capture site, located in Troia, Italy. The new plant will suck 150 metric tons of CO2 from the atmosphere every year the equivalent of taking 32 cars off the road and convert it to methane to be used in natural gas-powered trucks, Quartz reported.Scientists have long argued that reducing greenhouse gas emissions isnt enough by itself to combat climate change. The world must also lower existing atmospheric concentrations of CO2 by removing carbon dioxide from the air. ClimeWorks launched its first carbon sequestration plant in Zurich in May 2017. The facility captures 900 metric tons of CO2 annually, which is then pumped into the greenhouse of a Swiss farm. Read the whole story here. Worlds First Recycled Plastic Bike Path Opens in The NetherlandsYale Environment 36017 September 2018A new bike path in the Dutch city of Zwolle is made from the equivalent of 218,000 recycled plastic cups. Photo credit: KWS/TOTAL/WAVINA new 100-foot track in the Dutch city of Zwolle is the worlds first bike path made almost entirely out of recycled plastic, containing the equivalent of 218,000 plastic cups or 500,000 plastic bottle caps. The plastic road is the latest example of the growing shift among cities and businesses toward a circular economy, which requires reusing products and producing no waste.The designers of the new bike path in Zwolle Dutch engineering firm KWS, pipe maker Wavin, and French oil major Total claim the road is two to three times more durable than traditional asphalt roads and has the potential for drastically reducing the amount of plastic waste that ends up in landfills and oceans. This first pilot is a big step towards a sustainable road made of recycled plastic waste, the paths inventors, Anne Koudstaal and Simon Jorritsma, said in a statement.The plastic track is a prefabricated, modular design, allowing for quick and easy installation. It is filled with sensors that will monitor the durability of the road, including tracking temperature and the number of bike trips. The path also has cavities to divert and store excess stormwater. A second plastic section of bike path will be installed in the Dutch city of Giethoorn in November.In recent years, engineers across the globe have been developing innovative second uses for roadways, from building bridges out of recycled plastic to opening solar-paneled motorways. Giant deep sea coral reef discovered off South Carolina coastMother Nature Network26 August 2018A deep sea coral specimen that was discovered off the coast of East Timor. (Photo: Nick Hobgood/Wiki Commons)It's not every day that you find a huge, previously undiscovered biological feature sitting right off a major U.S. coastline, but that's exactly what scientists manning the research vessel Atlantis stumbled upon while exploring some 160 miles off the coast of Charleston, South Carolina.There, about a half mile below the ocean's surface, lies a dense forest of deep sea coral that stretches for at least 85 miles. It's a humongous ecosystem that has probably been developing for at least a few hundred thousand years.This is a huge feature, said Erik Cordes, the expedition's chief scientist, to the Huffington Post. Its incredible that it stayed hidden off the U.S. East Coast for so long.Just mountains of it, he added. We couldnt find a place that didnt have corals.The existence of the reef, which was initially flagged from sonar mapping, was officially confirmed using a pair of submersible dives. The expedition's original mission was to explore uncharted canyons, gas seeps and coral ecosystems off the Atlantic coast. No one thought that they'd find something like this, though.The live corals are living upon giant mounds of rubble that were constructed by the corals that came before them. It's a massive piece of scaffolding that accumulates as corals die and leave their skeletal remains behind. Cordes estimates that coral has likely been growing here for millennia. He also predicts that the reef probably plays a keystone role in the region's fisheries. The team witnessed at least one giant swordfish cruising over the corals during their time in the submersible.The find comes as the Trump administration is proposing an expansive offshore drilling plan that could stretch up and down the Atlantic coast. Researchers hope that their findings will stall those plans, or at least strengthen efforts to designate protected zones. Given that these coral reefs are a new, previously unstudied ecosystem, it's unclear just how sensitive the region's ecology might be to oil and gas exploration.It's a remarkable discovery, and proof of just how little we know about the ocean's ecosystems. Hopefully it won't disappear before we get a chance to truly explore and understand this natural wonder. Environment Minister Nicolas Hulot quits French governmentFrance 2428 August 2018Photo credit: Rappler.comFrench Environment Minister Nicolas Hulot announced his resignation on Tuesday, citing disappointment with the lack of progress on climate and other environmental goals.Hulot said his decision, taken on Monday night, was the result of an accumulation of disappointments over the inadequacy of steps to tackle climate change, defend biodiversity and address other environmental threats.A former TV presenter and green activist whose cabinet portfolio included energy, Hulot said on France Inter radio that he had not yet informed President Emmanuel Macron of his decision to resign.Hulot consistently scored high in popularity polls and his departure will be a blow to Macron, whose own ratings are plumbing new lows. Read the whole story here. Illegal fishing and Amazon deforestation operations linked with offshore tax havensThe Independent13 August 2018Industries linked to environmental damage including Amazon rainforest deforestation and illegal fishing are heavily involved in the shady world of offshore tax havens.An investigation has revealed that huge quantities of money flowing into the Brazilian soy and beef sectors are funnelled through nations where taxation is low and financial transparency is lacking.The same analysis found most fishing vessels implicated in illegal or unregulated activities were registered in tax havens.The release of the Paradise Papers and Panama Papers has shown how businesses, politicians and global elites make use of offshore tax havens to undertake financial dealings in secret and pay minimal tax.However, the potential environmental impacts of these activities have been largely ignored. Read the whole story here. Al Gore Says President Trump Not Yet as Damaging to Environment as He FearedTIME14 August 2018Former U.S. Vice President Al Gore speaks during an interview in Greensboro, N.C., Aug. 13, 2018. Gerry BroomeAPThe Trump administration has made some dangerous changes to environmental policy, but the damage so far has been less than it initially appeared, former Vice President Al Gore said in an interview Monday.He (President Trump) has had less of an impact so far than I feared that he would. Someone said last year his administration is a blend of malevolence and incompetence, Gore said in an interview with The Associated Press in Greensboro. I think theyve made some mistakes in some of the moves theyve made. The courts have blocked some of what they wanted to do as a result.Even the Republican-controlled Congress has stepped in at times, he said. The U.S. system has a lot of inherent resilience, Gore said. Its hard for one person, even the president, to change things very quickly if the majority of American people dont want them changed. Read the whole story here. How corruption has damaged Armenia's environmentFRANCE 2418 June 2018Photo credit: 123RF.comIt's now more than a month since anti-government demonstrations in Armenia forced the government of Serzh Sargsyan to resign. At the heart of the protest movement was anger over widespread corruption. Open-pit mining has left scars on the tiny country's beautiful landscape. Corruption allowed developers to flaunt environmental regulations and locals' rights, as FRANCE 24's Gulliver Cragg reports. Watch the video here. In a warming West, the Rio Grande is drying upThe New York Times24 May 2018The Rio Grande south of Socorro, N.M.Even in a good year, much of the Rio Grande is diverted forirrigation. But its only May, and the river is already turning to sand.LEMITAR, N.M. Mario Rosales, who farms 365 acres along the Rio Grande, knows the river is in bad shape this year. It has already dried to a dusty ribbon of sand in some parts, and most of the water that does flow is diverted to irrigate crops, including Mr. Rosaless fields of wheat, oats, alfalfa and New Mexicos beloved chiles.Because last winters mountain snowpack was the second-lowest on record, even that irrigation water may run out at the end of July, three months earlier than usual. But Mr. Rosales isnt worried. He is sure that the summer thunderstorms, known here as the monsoon, will come.Sooner or later, well get the water, he said.The monsoon rains he is counting on are notoriously unpredictable, however. So he and many of the other farmers who work 62,000 acres along 140 miles of the Rio Grande in central New Mexico may get by or they may not.Nobodys got a whole lot of water, said David Gensler, the hydrologist for the Middle Rio Grande Conservancy District, whose job is to manage the river water that is delivered to Mr. Rosales and the others through diversion dams, canals and ditches. If we use it up early in the season and dont get any rain further on, the whole things going to crash. Read the whole story here. Kenyas coastal conservation heroesUN Environment15 May 2018Kenya Marine and Fisheries Research Institute Chief Scientist James Kairo holds a mangrove seedling while talking to visitors at the Mikoko Pamoja project site.Here in Gazi we get 1.5 tonnes [of carbon] per hectare, Kairo says. That is the carbon stored below ground and if you add the one which is stored above ground, which is up to 500 tonnes, we are talking about 2,000 tonnes of carbon in the system.Just 30 km south of the booming port town of Mombasa, residents of two tranquil Kenyan villages are making history.Here, amongst the mud-walled houses and coconut trees, the people of Gazi and Makongeni villages have become the worlds first communities to harness the carbon market through mangrove conservation.The Mikoko Pamoja (mangroves together) project is restoring Gazi Bays coastal ecosystems, with community members planting thousands of mangrove seedlings each year and trading the resulting carbon offset on the global market protecting the coastline, restoring local fisheries, and bringing in over $25,000 for community initiatives in the projects first two years alone. Read the whole story here. Caribbean Island Nations Cite U.S. Report at Climate Change TalksScientific American3 May 2018Photo credit Express.co.ukA U.S. report was offered for a conference on how the global battle against climate change is progressingbut it wasnt put there by the United States.A group of Caribbean islands led by St. Lucia posted the 2017 U.S. National Climate Assessment special report released under the Trump administration in November as one of its submissions ahead of Sundays dialogue on progress and ambition for the Paris Agreement. Its a forum intended to encourage countries to increase the ambition of their Paris pledges by 2020.The climate of the United States is strongly connected to the changing global climate, begins the executive summary of the report, which the U.S. Office of Global Change released after a deadline had lapsed. It is part of the Fourth National Climate Assessment, which will be completed in 2018.Its unclear whether the islands were making a political statement by offering the report. The United States has made no submission ahead of Sundays preliminary Talanoa Dialogue discussion on the sidelines of the U.N. Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) talks in Bonn, Germany. The State Department confirmed that the United States will participate in the Sunday session.So the highly vulnerable islands might have intended the submission as a dig against the Trump administration for its Paris retreat and lack of financial assistance to at-risk countries like them. But a separate submission points to the reports section on the Southeast and the Caribbean, which details threats from changes in ocean circulation and other impacts. Read the whole story here. Electric buses are hurting the oil industryBloomberg.com23 April 2018Photo credit: govtech.com- About 279,000 barrels a day of fuel wont be needed this year- China adds a London-sized electric bus fleet every five weeksElectric buses were seen as a joke at an industry conference in Belgium seven years ago when the Chinese manufacturer BYD Co. showed an early model.Everyone was laughing at BYD for making a toy, recalled Isbrand Ho, the Shenzhen-based companys managing director in Europe. And look now. Everyone has one.Suddenly, buses with battery-powered motors are a serious matter with the potential to revolutionize city transportand add to the forces reshaping the energy industry. With China leading the way, making the traditional smog-belching diesel behemoth run on electricity is starting to eat away at fossil fuel demand. Read the whole story here. How the Environment Has Changed Since the First Earth DayNational Geographic21 April 2018Ash spews from a coal-fueled power plantWhen Earth Day was first created in 1970, it rode the coattails of a decade filled with social activism. Voting rights were strengthened, civil rights were outlined, and women were demanding equal treatment.But there was no Environmental Protection Agency, no Clean Air Act, or Clean Water Act.Fast forward 48 years and what started as a grassroots movement has exploded into an international day of attention and activism dedicated to preserving the environment. Officially, the United Nations recognizes this upcoming April 22 as International Mother Earth Day.Across the globe, millions of people take part in Earth Day. According to the Earth Day Network, one of the largest activist bodies organizing Earth Day events, people celebrate by holding marches, planting trees, meeting with local representatives, and cleaning up their local environments. Read the whole story here. Global Warming is Increasing Russia's Profits, and PollutionVICE News8 March 2018Photo credit: Wikipedia.orgWhile many parts of the world are struggling from catastrophic effects of climate change, Russia is looking to capitalize on it, with the Kremlin driving a narrative that touts the economic benefits.Like more and faster access to petroleum and mineral reserves that were previously unreachable. The Northern Sea Passage, a legendary shipping lane along Russias Arctic coastline, has been largely inaccessible for part of the year because of dense sea ice. But now, that ice is melting, opening up a new trade route for Russia's cargo ships. Russian oil companies are already betting big on the new reserves they hope to find in the Russian Arctic, and other industries like mining are ramping up production since they now have faster shipping routes to many ports. Read the whole story here.China's plastic trash banREUTERS (Oslo)29 January 2018REUTERS-Kim Kyung-Hoon-File PhotoChinas crackdown on imports of plastic trash should be a signal for rich nations to increase recycling and cut down on non-essential products such as plastic drinking straws, the head of the U.N Environment Programme said on Monday.Erik Solheim, a former Norwegian environment minister, urged developed nations to re-think their use of plastics and not simply seek alternative foreign dumping grounds after Chinas restrictions took effect this month.We should see the Chinese decision I heard some complaints from Europeans as a great service to the people of China and a wake-up call to the rest of the world, he said in a telephone interview from Nairobi.And there are lots of products we simply dont need.Prime examples, he said, were microbeads - tiny pieces of plastic often used in cosmetics which have been found to pollute the worlds oceans, rivers and lakes - and drinking straws.The average American uses 600 straws a year, he said, generating vast amounts of plastic waste. Everyone can drink straight from the bottle or the cup.He suggested restaurants and bars could put up signs along the lines of: If you desperately need a straw we will provide it.Some companies have already cut back on straws.He praised bans on microbeads, sometimes used as abrasives in facial scrubs or toothpaste. The United States passed a law in 2015 to ban microbeads and a ban in Britain took effect this month.Piles of waste have built up in some western ports after China, the main destination for more than half of plastic waste exported by western nations, banned foreign garbage including some grades of plastics and paper. Read the whole story here.Why plastic straws are key to fighting ocean pollutionThe Weather Network1 December 2017Photo Credit www.theweathernetwork.comThe world uses 1 billion unrecyclable plastic straws a day 500 million in the United States an untold number of which end up in the ocean, polluting the water and coastlines and posing a deadly threat to sea turtles and other marine animals. The Lonely Whale Foundations Strawless in Seattle campaign resulted in the elimination of 2.3 million disposable plastic straws in the month of September in that city. As of July 1, 2018, Seattle will ban non-compostable plastic straws and cutlery from 3,100 food service businesses that range from Starbucks to sports stadiums. Lonely Whale will take its strawless campaign to at least 10 more cities next year. Read whole story here. Business risk from climate change now top of mind for Canadas corporate boardsThe Globe and Mail22 November 2017Michael Sabia has a message for Canada's corporate directors as he weighs how to deploy one of the biggest pools of investment capital in the country: Climate change is top of mind.Mr. Sabia the chief executive officer of the Caisse de dpt et placement du Qubec wants climate-related factors to be at the core of how the country's second-largest pension fund approaches all of its investment decisions, regardless of asset class."That's what I think is going to be required for investors like us to benefit from the opportunities and protect ourselves from the risks that are obvious here," Mr. Sabia says.Last month, the pension fund announced plans to slash the carbon footprint of its investment portfolio by 25 per cent by 2025. It also aims to boost its low-carbon investments by 50 per cent to the tune of more than $8-billion by 2020.The term "carbon footprint" refers to the amount of greenhouse gases produced by a particular company or person. As part of its commitment, the Caisse says it will be reducing its exposure to the most carbon-intensive assets in its portfolio, such as activities related to coal. The pension fund will also begin disclosing data on the portfolio's greenhouse gas emissions in its annual report. Read the whole story here.Satellite eye on Earth: September 2017 - in picturesThe Guardian31 October 2017Photograph VIIRS-Suomi NPP-NASAAlgal blooms, hurricanes and volcano fields are among the images captured by Nasa and the ESA last month. See the fascinating photoshere. Forget 'the environment': we need new words to convey life's wondersThe GuardianAugust 9, 2017If Moses had promised the Israelites a land flowing with mammary secretions and insect vomit, would they have followed him into Canaan? Though this means milk and honey, I doubt it would have inspired them.So why do we use such language to describe the natural wonders of the world? There are examples everywhere, but I will illustrate the problem with a few from the UK. On land, places in which nature is protected are called sites of special scientific interest. At sea, they are labelled no-take zones or reference areas. Had you set out to estrange people from the living world, you could scarcely have done better. Read the whole story here. Chinas Religious Revival Fuels Environmental ActivismThe New York TimesJuly 12, 2017MAO MOUNTAIN, China Far from the smog-belching power plants of nearby cities, on a hillside covered in solar panels and blossoming magnolias, Yang Shihua speaks of the need for a revolution.Mr. Yang, the abbot of Mao Mountain, a sacred Taoist site in eastern China, has grown frustrated by indifference to a crippling pollution crisis that has left the land barren and the sky a haunting gray. So he has set out to spur action through religion, building a $17.7 million eco-friendly temple and citing 2,000-year-old texts to rail against waste and pollution.China doesnt lack money it lacks a reverence for the environment, Abbot Yang said. Our morals are in decline and our beliefs have been lost. Read the whole story here. Stony corals more resistant to climate change than thoughtScience DailyJune 1, 2017Stylophora pistillata is a colorful and well-studied stony coral common in the Indo-Pacific.Stony corals may be more resilient to ocean acidification than once thought, according to a Rutgers University study that shows they rely on proteins to help create their rock-hard skeletons."The bottom line is that corals will make rock even under adverse conditions," said Paul G. Falkowski, a distinguished professor who leads the Environmental Biophysics and Molecular Ecology Laboratory at Rutgers University-New Brunswick. "They will probably make rock even as the ocean becomes slightly acidic from the burning of fossil fuels."Read the whole story here.Facts and evidence matter in confronting climate crisisDavid Suzuki FoundationMarch 24, 2017Melting arctic ice in the sunset (Photo credit: NASA Goddard Space Flight Center via Flickr)We recently highlighted the faulty logic of a pseudoscientific argument against addressing climate change: the proposition that because CO2 is necessary for plants, increasing emissions is good for the planet and the life it supports.Those who read, write or talk regularly about climate change and ecology are familiar with other anti-environmental arguments not coated with a scientific sheen. A common one is that if you drive a car, buy any plastic goods or even type on a computer keyboard your observation that we need to reduce fossil fuel use is not valid no matter how much evidence you present. Like the CO2 is plant food claim, its a poor argument, but for different reasons.Its easy to refute the junk science claim with large amounts of available evidence. This ones simply a logical fallacy.The statement that gas-fuelled cars cause pollution is true whether or not the person making it drives a car, just as a claim that automobile emissions are harmless is false, regardless of the claimants car ownership or driving habits.As well as being a faulty assertion, pointing out the many uses for fossil fuels in an attempt to reject the need to reduce reliance on them is actually an argument in favour of burning less coal, gas and oil. Fossil fuels are useful for many purposes from life-saving medical equipment to computer keyboards so why extract, transport and burn them so rapidly and wastefully? Supplies arent endless.Read the whole story here. Pope Francis, in Sweeping Encyclical, Calls for Swift Action on Climate ChangeNew York TimesJune 18, 2015Pope Francis on Thursday called for a radical transformation of politics, economics and individual lifestyles to confront environmental degradation and climate change, blending a biting critique of consumerism and irresponsible development with a plea for swift and unified global action.The vision that Francis outlined in a 184-page papal encyclical is sweeping in ambition and scope: He describes relentless exploitation and destruction of the environment and says apathy, the reckless pursuit of profits, excessive faith in technology and political shortsightedness are to blame.The most vulnerable victims, he declares, are the worlds poorest people, who are being dislocated and disregarded.Francis, the first pope from the developing world, used the encyclical titled Laudato Si, or Praise Be to You to highlight the crisis posed by climate change. He places most of the blame on fossil fuels and human activity, while warning of an unprecedented destruction of ecosystems, with serious consequence for all of us if corrective action is not taken swiftly. Developed, industrialized countries were mostly responsible, he says, and are obligated to help poorer nations confront the crisis. Read the whole story here. The Dutch boy mopping up a sea of plasticBBC News MagazineOctober16, 2014"I don't understand why 'obsessive' has a negative connotation, I'm an obsessive and I like it," says Boyan Slat. "I get an idea and I stick to it."This idea came to him at the age of 16, in the summer of 2011, when diving in Greece. "I saw more plastic bags than fish," says Slat. He was shocked, and even more shocked that there was no apparent solution. "Everyone said to me: 'Oh there's nothing you can do about plastic once it gets into the oceans,' and I wondered whether that was true."Over the last 30 to 40 years, millions of tonnes of plastic have entered the oceans. Global production of plastic now stands at 288 million tonnes per year, of which 10% ends up in the ocean in time. Most of that - 80% - comes from land-based sources. Litter gets swept into drains, and ends up in rivers - so that plastic straw or cup lid you dropped, the cigarette butt you threw on the road they could all end up in the sea.The plastic is carried by currents and congregates in five revolving water systems, called gyres, in the major oceans, the most infamous being the huge Pacific Garbage Patch, half way between Hawaii and California. Read the whole story here. Addressing global warming is an economic necessityDavid Suzuki FoundationJuly 11, 2014Those who don't outright deny the existence of human-caused global warming often argue we can't or shouldn't do anything about it because it would be too costly. Take Prime Minister Stephen Harper [of Canada], whorecently said, "No matter what they say, no country is going to take actions that are going to deliberately destroy jobs and growth in their country."But in failing to act on global warming, many leaders are putting jobs and economic prosperity at risk, according to recent studies. It's suicidal, both economically and literally, to focus on the fossil fuel industry's limited, short-term economic benefits at the expense of long-term prosperity, human health and the natural systems, plants and animals that make our well-being and survival possible. Those who refuse to take climate change seriously are subjecting us to enormous economic risks and foregoing the numerous benefits that solutions would bring.The World Bank hardly a radical organization isbehind one study. While still viewing the problem and solutions through the lens of outmoded economic thinking, its report demolishes arguments made by the likes of Stephen Harper. Read the whole story here. UN Panel Looks to Renewables As the Key to Stabilizing ClimateYale Environment 360April 17, 2014In its latest report, the UN's Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change makes a strong case for a sharp increase in low-carbon energy production, especially solar and wind, and provides hope that this transformation can occur in time to hold off the worst impacts of global warming.Those wind turbines endlessly turning on the hill near your home tell of a changing world. So do the fields of solar panels sprouting from the deserts of California to the plains of Germany. But the world is not changing fast enough, says the latest report from the UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).The 2,000-page study of how to head off climate change, released in Berlin on Sunday, calls for a tripling of the share of global energy generated by low-carbon energy sources. Electricity generation will have to go from its current 30 percent use of low-carbon sources to 80 percent by 2050, the report says. And with todays main low-carbon sources nuclear and hydropower unlikely to grow much, that requires a vastly bigger plug-in to the newcomers, wind and solar.Only that way, says the IPCC, can the world have a better-than-even chance of keeping below the two degrees of warming widely regarded as the danger level.Crazy? Some believe an industrial world powered by sun and wind is an expensive green dream that is destined to fail. But maybe not. For one thing, the report says, prices of wind and solar energy are falling fast. So the damaging impact of such a transformation on the global economy would be very small provided we get moving soon. Read the whole story here.Johnson’s Brexit Deal Could Water Down Environmental Standards?Forbes22 October 2019Anti-Brexit protesters take part in 'Together for the Final Say' rally on October 19th, 2019, in London, UK. NURPHOTO VIA GETTY IMAGESThe British Parliament is today fiercely debating whether to approve a new Brexit deal negotiated by British Prime Minister Boris Johnson, and its approval will depend on getting enough support from opposition Labour Party MEPs.But as they learn more about what this version of Brexit would have in store for British environmental protection, they less the Labour MEPs like it.Like in the United States, environmental law in the EU is an area mostly legislated at ‘federal’ level – that is, in Brussels. That’s because standards need to be consistent across the EU’s single market.If the U.K. secedes from the European Union, it will be free to make its own environmental law. Given that Johnson’s governing Conservative Party has cited EU environmental regulations as the kind of “red tape” they want to do away with, there are concerns that environment and climate law is about to be uprooted to make the U.K. a more attractive place for industry. Read the whole story here.Johnson’s Brexit Deal Could Water Down Environmental Standards?Forbes22 October 2019Anti-Brexit protesters take part in 'Together for the Final Say' rally on October 19th, 2019, in London, UK. NURPHOTO VIA GETTY IMAGESThe British Parliament is today fiercely debating whether to approve a new Brexit deal negotiated by British Prime Minister Boris Johnson, and its approval will depend on getting enough support from opposition Labour Party MEPs.But as they learn more about what this version of Brexit would have in store for British environmental protection, they less the Labour MEPs like it.Like in the United States, environmental law in the EU is an area mostly legislated at ‘federal’ level – that is, in Brussels. That’s because standards need to be consistent across the EU’s single market.If the U.K. secedes from the European Union, it will be free to make its own environmental law. Given that Johnson’s governing Conservative Party has cited EU environmental regulations as the kind of “red tape” they want to do away with, there are concerns that environment and climate law is about to be uprooted to make the U.K. a more attractive place for industry. Read the whole story here.Johnson’s Brexit Deal Could Water Down Environmental Standards?Forbes22 October 2019Anti-Brexit protesters take part in 'Together for the Final Say' rally on October 19th, 2019, in London, UK. NURPHOTO VIA GETTY IMAGESThe British Parliament is today fiercely debating whether to approve a new Brexit deal negotiated by British Prime Minister Boris Johnson, and its approval will depend on getting enough support from opposition Labour Party MEPs.But as they learn more about what this version of Brexit would have in store for British environmental protection, they less the Labour MEPs like it.Like in the United States, environmental law in the EU is an area mostly legislated at ‘federal’ level – that is, in Brussels. That’s because standards need to be consistent across the EU’s single market.If the U.K. secedes from the European Union, it will be free to make its own environmental law. Given that Johnson’s governing Conservative Party has cited EU environmental regulations as the kind of “red tape” they want to do away with, there are concerns that environment and climate law is about to be uprooted to make the U.K. a more attractive place for industry. Read the whole story here.Seven Caribbean countries will ban the use of plastics in the year 2020?Yucatan Times4 December 2019Starting January 1st, 2020, single-use plastics and polystyrene will be banned in seven Caribbean countries, with the main objective of preventing ocean pollution which directly affects different marine species.Unfortunately, the Caribbean has been highlighted as one of the most polluted regions in the world, so this measure is intended to prevent the degradation of their marine habitat that would cause a health and food security  risk for some 40 million people living in coastal areas.Which Countries Will Ban The Use Of Plastic?Jamaica, Belize, Barbados, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Trinidad and Tobago and the Bahamas are the countries that will ban the import and use of single-use plastics and polystyrene starting on January 1st, 2020.ImportanceAn average of 5 billion plastic bags made from petroleum products are consumed each year, most of these items could take hundreds of years to degrade.Facts Cayman Eco - Beyond Cayman  ??????Colombia to host 2020 World Environment Day on biodiversity?UN Environment11 December 2019Image Credit: Pacific Standard/Getty ImagesOn the eve of a critical year for environmental decision-making, Colombia, Germany and UN Environment Programme (UNEP) today announced that Colombia will host World Environment Day 2020 in partnership with Germany and that it will focus on biodiversity.World Environment Day takes place every year on 5 June. It is the United Nations’ flagship day for promoting worldwide awareness and action for the environment. Over the years, it has grown to be the largest global platform for environmental public outreach and is celebrated by millions of people in more than 100 countries.Making the announcement on the margins of the UN Climate Change Conference (COP25) in Madrid, Spain, Ricardo Lozano, Colombia’s Minister of Environment and Sustainable Development, Jochen Flasbarth, Germany’s State Secretary for Environment, and Inger Andersen, Executive Director of the UN Environment Programme, stressed that with one million plant and animal species facing extinction, there has never been a more important time to focus on the issue of biodiversity. Read the whole story here.??Hawaii’s Most Populated Island Passes Sweeping Single-Use Plastic Ban?Huff Post8 December 2019Image Credit: Hawaiilife.comLawmakers in Hawaii’s largest city just passed what could be one of the strictest bans on single-use plastics in the country.The Honolulu City Council this week voted 7-2 to pass Bill 40, which bans businesses and restaurants in Honolulu County from serving food and beverages with plastic straws and utensils and containers made of polystyrene foam. The legislation will take effect in phases, with polystyrene foam being banned first in 2021 and disposable plastic being banned in 2022.The measure will cover Honolulu County, which the council oversees and includes the entirety of Oahu, Hawaii’s most populated island.Lawmakers on the Big Island and Maui County, which includes the islands of Maui and Molokai, have previously banned foam containers but those measures do not cover plastic utensils. Honolulu County followed suit in 2015 and banned plastic bags in grocery stores, making Hawaii the only state at the time to completely ban most plastic bags. Read the whole story and watch the video here.?Seven Caribbean countries will ban the use of plastics in the year 2020?Yucatan Times4 December 2019Starting January 1st, 2020, single-use plastics and polystyrene will be banned in seven Caribbean countries, with the main objective of preventing ocean pollution which directly affects different marine species.Unfortunately, the Caribbean has been highlighted as one of the most polluted regions in the world, so this measure is intended to prevent the degradation of their marine habitat that would cause a health and food security  risk for some 40 million people living in coastal areas.Which Countries Will Ban The Use Of Plastic?Jamaica, Belize, Barbados, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Trinidad and Tobago and the Bahamas are the countries that will ban the import and use of single-use plastics and polystyrene starting on January 1st, 2020.ImportanceAn average of 5 billion plastic bags made from petroleum products are consumed each year, most of these items could take hundreds of years to degrade.FactsOf the world’s thirty largest per capita polluters of this type of plastic, ten are of the Caribbean region. Read the whole story here.?People of Venice protest over floods and cruise ships? The Guardian25 November 2019 Boots worn by a protester from Venice’s ‘No Big Ships’ committee. Photograph: Miguel Medina/AFP via Getty Images Thousands of Venetians have taken to the streets to protest over frequent flooding and the impact of giant cruise ships. In heavy rain between 2,000 and 3,000 people answered the call of environmental groups and a collective opposed to the ships. Critics say the waves cruise ships create are eroding Venice’s foundations. Chanting “Venice resist” and calling for the resignation of the mayor, Luigi Brugnaro, the marchers also appealed for a massive project, Mose, to be mothballed.The multi-billion euro infrastructure project has been under way since 2003 to protect the city from flooding but has been plagued by cost overruns, corruption scandals and delays. The protest follows unprecedented flooding that devastated the city, submerging homes, businesses and cultural treasures. “Venetians have just endured a deep wound. The flooding … brought this city to its knees and revealed its extreme fragility to the world,” said activist Enrico Palazzi. Read the whole story here.?China says stopping climate change needs everybody to get involved? Bloomberg News21 November 2019  Shanxi, China. Photographer: Kevin Frayer/Getty ImagesFacing down the challenges of climate change requires multilateral cooperation and global carbon emission reduction goals, according to China’s special representative for climate change affairs. China has always sought a “multilateral system” on climate change negotiations, and is willing to work with the U.S. to help reign in global warming, Xie Zhenhua, told a session of the New Economy Forum in Beijing on Thursday. The comments contrast with the decision by U.S. President Donald Trump to pull the world’s biggest economy out of the main multinational attempt to stave off global warming, the Paris climate accords.  Xie, who’s also president of the Institute of Climate Change & Sustainable Development at Tsinghua University, said China has an advantage when pursuing climate goals, as it’s central control of the economy provides levers to implement cleaner policies. Read the whole story here.?  A Roadmap for Combatting Climate Change? Conservation Law Foundation29 October 2019? Image credit: pnglot.com This post was co-written by Alyssa Rayman-Read, Vice President and Director of CLF Massachusetts, and Joan Meschino, state representative for the Third Plymouth District and lead sponsor of the 2050 Roadmap Bill. It originally appeared in Commonwealth. Living on the Massachusetts coastline means we both get a front-row seat to some of the most dramatic impacts of climate change. We can see what rising seas and pounding storms are doing to our beaches, businesses, and storied seaside communities. However, the effects of the climate crisis will not only be felt on the coast. Whether you live in Worcester, the Pioneer Valley, or on Cape Cod, none of us is immune to the public health, economic, and environmental impacts. The science is clear: Climate change threatens everything we know and depend on. And we have a responsibility to act now. Massachusetts has been a leader in the fight against climate change. Yet, several alarming reports by top climate scientists have made it clear that this fight is just beginning. If we are serious about safeguarding the character and nature of our communities, we must take action now. We need a bold commitment to addressing the climate crisis that includes concrete steps for reaching net-zero carbon emissions while promoting a just transition to a clean energy economy. That is why 59 legislators in the Massachusetts House and Senate, on both sides of the aisle, have signed onto the 2050 Roadmap Bill (H.3983). Developed with input from a diverse group of stakeholders, including labor and business leaders, local officials, environmentalists, and our utilities, the 2050 Roadmap Bill is a bold response to the crisis currently at our doorstep. The bill gives us a plan for steadily reducing our carbon pollution, while ensuring that the opportunities and benefits of a cleaner, healthier, more just economy are enjoyed by everyone in Massachusetts. Achieving carbon neutrality and a just transition by 2050 seems a daunting challenge. Still, it is one that we are confident that we can accomplish by updating and strengthening our existing legislative framework for climate action — the landmark Global Warming Solutions Act of 2008. Since it was implemented a decade ago, the GWSA has helped to drive our emissions down and our economy up, with the addition of more than 100,000 clean energy jobs in Massachusetts and over $13 billion annually to our economy. The 2050 Roadmap Bill will ensure that these nation-leading successes continue as we work to achieve net-zero greenhouse gas emissions. How will this happen? By combining the best-available science with a healthy measure of common sense. Like any business or family building for the future, the Commonwealth’s long-term climate goals will be best achieved by making a plan and then sticking to it. As its name signals, this wisdom lies at the heart of the 2050 Roadmap Bill. After re-calibrating our Global Warming Solutions Act goal to net-zero, the 2050 Roadmap Bill directs our state agencies to accelerate, broaden, and integrate their efforts to combat climate change, so that the Commonwealth will have a new, comprehensive strategy in place in record time. Shortly thereafter, the 2050 Roadmap Bill requires that the Commonwealth create new programs and regulations – whatever is needed to implement the plan. And not just once. The bill requires that we keep at it, updating our research, planning, and framework for action every three years so we can learn from our experience and continue to take advantage of new technologies, markets, and opportunities. As we accelerate these efforts, however, we need to ensure that we are moving forward together, building a new, clean energy economy that benefits us all. That is why the 2050 Roadmap Bill will, for the first time, place people-centered protections at the heart of our climate efforts. By requiring that the new plan and policies be designed to assess and minimize whenever possible any adverse economic, environmental, or public health impacts, this new legislation will ensure that low- and moderate-income people and those living in environmental justice neighborhoods thrive as we decarbonize. We do not need another study to tell us that the impacts of climate change are here. Storms are growing more intense each year, and we continue to break heat records every summer. We must reach net-zero emissions in the coming decades to ensure these conditions do not get worse, and the 2050 Roadmap Bill provides the plan to get us there. Read the whole story here.?  Ocean Cleanup mission takes aim at rivers? Mother Nature Network28 October 2019 The group behind the mission to rid our oceans of plastic has opened a second front in the war by pulling plastic from the world's most polluted waterways before it gets to the ocean. The Ocean Cleanup team unveiled a group of Interceptors, which are currently in operation on two rivers in Malaysia and Indonesia. By their estimate, roughly 80% of the world's plastic reaches the ocean through 1,000 rivers. The goal is to clean up those rivers by 2025, pulling in roughly 50,000 kilograms of plastic a day with each river Interceptor. "To truly rid the oceans of plastic, we need to both clean up the legacy and close the tap, preventing more plastic from reaching the oceans in the first place," said founder Boyan Slat. The river element was unveiled less than a month after the team successfully collected plastic in the ocean after a rocky few months. Read the whole story here.? Johnson’s Brexit Deal Could Water Down Environmental Standards? Forbes22 October 2019  Anti-Brexit protesters take part in 'Together for the Final Say' rally on October 19th, 2019, in London, UK. NURPHOTO VIA GETTY IMAGES The British Parliament is today fiercely debating whether to approve a new Brexit deal negotiated by British Prime Minister Boris Johnson, and its approval will depend on getting enough support from opposition Labour Party MEPs. But as they learn more about what this version of Brexit would have in store for British environmental protection, they less the Labour MEPs like it. Like in the United States, environmental law in the EU is an area mostly legislated at ‘federal’ level – that is, in Brussels. That’s because standards need to be consistent across the EU’s single market. If the U.K. secedes from the European Union, it will be free to make its own environmental law. Given that Johnson’s governing Conservative Party has cited EU environmental regulations as the kind of “red tape” they want to do away with, there are concerns that environment and climate law is about to be uprooted to make the U.K. a more attractive place for industry. Read the whole story here.? Budget 2020: Styrofoam is out, water coolers are in?Loop TT7 October 2019(TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO) Government will ban the use of Styrofoam food containers within the local business industry from January 1, 2020.The measure was announced by Finance Minister Colm Imbert in the national 2020 budget presentation in Parliament on October 7, 2019.The measure had been previously stated by the Planning Ministry in 2018, who was arranging the final stages of legislation for launch this year. Imbert said the ban means local Styrofoam manufacturers will be required to include additives to make their products biodegradable."In our pursuit to attain our stated goal of placing the environment at the centre of national development, I propose to eliminate the use of Styrofoam and single-use plastics within the national economy."As an initial step, I propose to ban the importation of Styrofoam for use in the food service industry and to require manufacturers of food containers to introduce additives to make their products biodegradable."Additionally, Imbert said government offices will switch out their plastic water bottles for water coolers, to reduce plastic usage. "In order to encourage behavioural change, I propose to terminate the use of plastic water bottles in Government offices and substitute them with coolers with filters. This measure will take effect on January 1, 2020," he said. Government has a mandate to ensure 10 percent of its energy output comes from renewable sources by 2021, as part of its Sustainable Development Goals (SGDs). Read the whole story here.? Ocean cleanup device successfully collects plastic for first time?The Guardian3 October 2019The boom skims up waste ranging in size from a discarded net and a car wheel to tiny chips of plastic. Photograph: APA huge floating device designed by Dutch scientists to clean up an island of rubbish in the Pacific Ocean that is three times the size of France has successfully picked up plastic from the high seas for the first time.Boyan Slat, the creator of the Ocean Cleanup project, tweeted that the 600 metre-long (2,000ft) free-floating boom had captured and retained debris from what is known as the Great Pacific Garbage Patch.Alongside a picture of the collected rubbish, which includes a car wheel, Slat wrote: “Our ocean cleanup system is now finally catching plastic, from one-ton ghost nets to tiny microplastics! Also, anyone missing a wheel?”......During a previous four-month trial the boom broke apart and no plastic was collected. Since then, changes have been made to the design including the addition of a “parachute anchor” to slow down the device’s movement in the ocean, allowing for faster-moving plastic debris to float into the system.The latest trial began in June when the system was launched into the sea from Vancouver. The project was started in 2013 and its design has undergone several major revisions. It is hoped the final design will be able to clean up half of the debris in the Great Pacific Garbage Patch. Read the whole story here.? A rising tide: ‘overtourism’ and the curse of the cruise ships?The Guardian16 September 2019In Kotor and Dubrovnik large cruise ships dock regularly throughout the season, depositing thousands of people each day into the tourist hotspots and putting intense pressure on the historic portsKnown as the “pearl of the Adriatic”, Dubrovnik has become one of the biggest tourist attractions in the Mediterranean. Its charming old town, array of Unesco World Heritage sites and sizeable port were always draws, but the new success of Game of Thrones, much of which was shot in the Croatian city, has made it a particularly popular stopoff point for cruise ships, whose passengers are told they can see the highlights in a single day.Smaller boats or tenders take the passengers on to dry land, where they are typically bussed into the old town. Tours often start at the 16th-century Pile Gate, followed by a stroll along the Stradun to the city walls, entrance to which costs €30 (£27). Game of Thrones locations and Europe’s oldest pharmacy in a 14th-century Franciscan monastery are big pulls.Last year around three million visitors descended on the old town, most of them having poured out of around 400 cruise ships docked in the harbour. Critics say they are causing long-term damage to historical sites, but with the livelihoods of 80% of the locals dependent on tourist traffic, some are reluctant to address the problems. Read the whole story here.?Climate cartoons: an illustrated guide to a major new climate crisis poll?The Guardian15 September 2019The Guardian’s comic artist Susie Cagle draws some conclusions from a major CBS News poll released today as part of Covering Climate Now.Read the full poll results: ‘Americans are waking up’.CBS News surveyed a representative sample of more than 2,000 Americans earlier this month and found that...'Chaos, chaos, chaos': a journey through Bolsonaro's Amazon inferno?The Guardian9 September 2019A forest fire near Palmeiras, an isolated Amazon settlement in Brazil’s Rondônia state.From afar, it resembles a tornado: an immense grey column shooting thousands of feet upwards from the forest canopy into the Amazonian skies.Up close it is an inferno: a raging conflagration obliterating yet another stretch of the world’s greatest rainforest as a herd of Nelore cattle looks on in bewilderment.“It started this morning,” said Valdir Urumon, the chief of an indigenous village in this isolated corner of Rondônia state, as the vast pillar of smoke loomed over his settlement’s palm-thatched homes.By late afternoon, when the Guardian arrived on the scene, the fire had intensified into a catastrophic blaze, streaking north through a strip of jungle perhaps two miles long.Huge plumes of smoke drifted skywards as if this sweep of woodland near Brazil’s north-western border with Bolivia had been subjected to a ferocious bombing campaign. At the farmhouse nearest to the blaze the lights were on but not a soul was to be seen – much less anyone who might extinguish the giant pyre.But two empty petrol barrels and a cluster of plastic jerrycans dumped at its entrance hinted at a possible culprit – a cattle rancher torching yet another swath of the Brazilian jungle in order to expand his Amazon domain.Three weeks after Brazil’s unusually severe burning season sparked an international storm, the far-right government of Jair Bolsonaro has launched a global PR campaign to try to convince the world everything is under control. Read the whole story here.? Why we must protect the ocean's 'twilight zone'?Mother Nature Network4 September 2019The twilight zone is so cold and dark that often the only light comes from bioluminescent life. (Photo: Margus Vilibas/Shutterstock)?Most of us think of the ocean as what we see on the sunny surface. But beneath the shimmering waves, there's a deeper layer called the twilight zone.Referred to by scientists as the mesopelagic, this dimension is considered a "dark hole" in our understanding of ecosystems and one of the most understudied regions in the world.The twilight zone can be found 200 to 1,000 meters (about 650 to 3,300 feet) below the ocean surface, at the point where the sun's rays can no longer reach, according to the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute (WHOI) in Massachusetts. Because it's so deep and there's no sunlight, it's cold and dark.But that doesn't mean this deep layer is still and quiet. Instead, it's full of life including fish, crustaceans, jellyfish, squids and worms.Occasionally, there are bursts of bioluminescence, when living creatures give off their natural glows.Researchers estimate there may be up to 1 million undiscovered species in the zone. Oceanographers who want to study this life don't have much natural light to observe them. But if they use too much artificial light, they risk frightening them. So researchers are still trying to find the right balance.Studies have suggested that the biomass or weight of fish in the twilight zone might be as much as 10 times greater than they had originally thought, which is more than in the rest of the entire ocean. It could, in fact, make up more than 90% of all fish in the sea, according to the Blue Marine Foundation. Read the whole story here.?Brazil’s Bolsonaro on the Environment, in His Own Words?The New York Times27 August 2019President Jair Bolsonaro of Brazil has often criticized agencies that enforce environmental laws, and called fines for environmental crimes an “industry” that needs to be abolished. (Photo Credit: Adriano Machado/Reuters)Facing an avalanche of criticism over the fires raging across the Amazon, President Jair Bolsonaro of Brazil pledged in a televised address on Friday that his government would take a “zero tolerance” approach to environmental crimes.But that position is at odds with Mr. Bolsonaro’s own track record on safeguarding his country’s environment. Since taking office, he has worked relentlessly and unapologetically to roll back enforcement of Brazil’s once-strict environmental protections.More broadly, Mr. Bolsonaro has championed industries that want greater access to protected areas of the Amazon, sought to weaken the land rights of Indigenous people and scaled back efforts to combat illegal logging, ranching and mining.But last week, a surge in fires in the Amazon set off a wave of international outrage, with politicians, celebrities and protesters raising the alarm. It soon became clear that Brazil stood to lose mightily if Mr. Bolsonaro did not take action to protect the forest: European leaders said they might walk away from a trade deal struck in June and calls to boycott Brazilian products were gaining traction on social media. Read the whole story here.? The City Just Sweated Through Its 10th-Hottest July Ever?New York Today20 August 2019It was hot last month. In fact, it was the 10th-hottest July on record in New York City, according to data from the National Weather Service, which has been monitoring temperatures in Central Park since 1869.New Yorkers, though, weren’t alone in suffering through oppressive and dangerous heat. The average number of heat waves in 50 major American cities has tripled since the 1960s. And last week, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration declared that last month was the hottest July on record for the planet. Read the whole story here.? 17 countries currently use more than 80 percent of their typical yearly water supply?Science News8 August 2019PARCHED  People line up for water in New Delhi, one of several Indian cities that have faced water crises this year. A new analysis shows the country is one of 17 that typically uses more than 80 percent of its water supply. SHASHANK AGARWAL/SHUTTERSTOCKThe world is facing a water scarcity crisis, with 17 countries including India, Israel and Eritrea using more than 80 percent of their available water supplies each year, a new analysis finds. Those countries are home to a quarter of the world’s 7.7 billion people. Further population rise or dwindling water supplies could cause critical water shortages, the researchers warn.“As soon as a drought hits or something unexpected happens, major cities can find themselves in very dire situations,” says Rutger Hofste, a data scientist at the Washington, D.C.–based World Resources Institute, which released the data on August 6. “That’s something that we expect to see more and more.”To gauge countries’ risk — or “water stress,” WRI updated its online calculator with data from 1961 to 2014 on water use by households, industry and agriculture, as well as water supply data from surface sources and aquifers. Previously, the tool — called the Aqueduct Water Risk Atlas — assessed water demand based a snapshot of 2010 data.People “immediately link [water woes] to climate change,” says Hofste, who is based in Amsterdam. But economic and population growth “are the biggest drivers.” Water use has increased by 250 percent, from 1,888.7 cubic kilometers in 1961 to 4,720.8 cubic kilometers in 2014, the analysis found. Read the whole story here.? How the 5 riskiest U.S. cities for coastal flooding are preparing for rising tides?Science News6 August 2019HIGH STAKES  Miami is the U.S. city at greatest risk of coastal flooding. Here, a 2009 storm brought 8 to 9 inches of rain to Miami Beach.The five U.S. cities most at risk from coastal flooding have begun to make plans for adapting to rising sea levels. Some are further along than others. Here’s where their flood resilience efforts stand:MIAMIFlorida’s flooding risk comes not just from storms and high tides but also from water seeping up through the porous limestone that underlies much of the state. After 2017’s Hurricane Irma caused more than $50 billion in damage, Miami residents voted in favor of a new tax to fund coastal flooding resilience projects across the city. The first project, in the city’s low-lying Fair Isle neighborhood, broke ground in March and will construct a drainage collection system and raise roadways.NEW YORK CITYIn 2012, Hurricane Sandy hit New York City with a 3.4-meter storm tide, causing over $19 billion in damage. Although there are now several programs to guide rebuilding and resiliency efforts, few adaptation projects have come to fruition, says Robert Freudenberg, an environmental planner with the Regional Plan Association in New York City. In March, the New York City Panel on Climate Change released a report and new flooding maps. In May, the city’s Office of Emergency Management began installing sandbags around lower Manhattan as a temporary measure to protect the waterfront while more permanent solutions are considered.Read the whole story here.? Brazilian institute head fired after clashing with nation’s president over deforestation data?ScienceMag.org4 August 2019Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro (left), here with Minister of the Environment Ricardo Salles, attacked the validity of satellite data showing deforestation in Brazil has increased since he took office. AP PHOTO/ERALDO PERESThe director of the Brazilian agency that monitors deforestation was fired Friday, following a public face-off with President Jair Bolsonaro. Physicist Ricardo Galvão announced his own ousting as director of National Institute for Space Research (INPE) to reporters in Brasília, saying his altercation with the president had made the situation “unsustainable.” No replacement has been announced.Known for his stout personality, Galvão challenged Bolsonaro on 20 July, rebutting remarks about deforestation the president had made the day before. Questioned by journalists about the rise of deforestation in the Amazon—as indicated by satellite data from INPE’s Real-time Deforestation Detection System (DETER)—Bolsonaro called the institute’s data “a lie,” and said Galvão appeared to be “at the service of some nongovernmental organization.” Galvão replied by calling Bolsonaro a “coward,” defending INPE science, and daring Bolsonaro to repeat the accusation to his face. Bolsonaro didn’t meet with Galvão and continued to question INPE data in the following 2 weeks, even as deforestation continued. According to the latest DETER numbers, approximately 4500 square kilometers of forest were cleared in the first 7 months of this year, since the beginning of Bolsonaro’s administration—60% more than in the same period in 2018. Read the whole story here.?Ethiopia plants over 350 million trees in a day, setting new world record?UN Environment2 August 2019Photo credit: SmithsonianMag.comIn a record-breaking day this week, at the Gulele Botanical Garden in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia launched an historic tree planting campaign. Over 350 million trees were planted in an ambitious move to counter the effects of deforestation and climate change.The event is part of Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed’s Green Legacy Initiative. It aimed at planting 200 million trees in a single day in 1,000 sites across the country.Prime Minister Ahmed congratulated the country for not only meeting its collective Green Legacy goal but also exceeding it.Ethiopia's Minister of Innovation and Technology Getahun Mekuria was quoted saying that more than 350 million trees were planted in 12 hours, breaking the world record held by India since 2016, for the most trees planted in one day and which stood at 50 million trees. Read the whole story here.?School kids are drawn into battle over palm oil and the environment?Los Angeles Times2 August 2019Forest land smolders in Taruma Mirim, Brazil, after it was slashed and burned to make way for a palm plantation. (Brian Vander Brug / Los Angeles Times)Schoolchildren in Malaysia are at the center of the controversy over palm oil after staging a play that claimed it causes deforestation and the disappearance of thousands of orangutans every year.Students of the International School at ParkCity in Kuala Lumpur showed an excerpt from an anti-palm oil advertisement made by Greenpeace, prompting criticism of the school by Teresa Kok, the minister in charge of the industry. Kok, who’s championed the commodity - Malaysia’s biggest agricultural export, which is used in a huge range of consumer products, including ice cream, bread, cosmetics and cleaning products - said the school was spreading anti-palm-oil propaganda.The school later apologized, but questions have been raised over how far the government will go to control the image of its key agricultural industry. The scene encapsulates the larger political tensions with the European Union, where palm oil faces new limits on its use in the bloc’s biofuel sector. The furor surrounding the school shows just how sensitive the government has become over how palm oil is perceived. Read the whole story here.? Philippines: Most deadly place to defend the environment?ClickOn Detroit31 July 2019Protesters in the Philippines call on President Rodrigo Duterte to end extrajudicial killings.LONDON - The Philippines is now the deadliest country in the world for land and environmental defenders, with 34 killed in 2018, according to new research.Worldwide, a total of 164 people were killed in related violence - an average of more than three per week - according to the "Enemies of the State?" report from NGO Global Witness. Mining conflicts were responsible for the largest share of the deaths.But in the Philippines, disputes linked to agribusiness led to half of the killings, according to the research. Such conflicts have increased in the Southeast Asian nation due to President Rodrigo Duterte's plans to hand 1.6 million hectares of land over to industrial plantations.At the same time, Duterte's "war on drugs," which has led to thousands of extrajudicial killings, is creating a "culture of fear," according to the NGO. Read the whole story here.? Greta Thunberg to Attend New York Climate Talks. She’ll Take a Sailboat.?The New York Times29 July 2019Greta Thunberg at the National Assembly in Paris on Tuesday.CreditCreditPhilippe Wojazer/ReutersGreta Thunberg, the 16-year-old Swedish climate activist, will cross the Atlantic Ocean in mid-August on an open-cockpit racing yacht to attend a United Nations summit meeting on global warming.“Good news! I’ll be joining the U.N. Climate Action Summit in New York,” Ms. Thunberg said Monday on Twitter. “I’ve been offered a ride on the 60ft racing boat Malizia II.”The trip to New York is expected to take two weeks. Ms. Thunberg, who is taking the year off from school to campaign against climate change, also plans to attend the annual United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change talks, to be held in December in Santiago, Chile.She has called the two conferences “pretty much where our future will be decided” because nations will be pushed to further reduce emissions of the planet-warming gasses that come from burning fossil fuels. “We still have a window of time when things are in our own hands. But that window is closing fast. That is why I have decided to make this trip now,” Ms. Thunberg said in a statement Monday. Greta Thunberg plans to sail to New York in August aboard the Malizia II. CreditEPA, via ShutterstockMs. Thunberg does not fly because of the greenhouse gas emissions associated with air travel. She had been seeking an alternate means of traveling to New York for the summit meeting. Read the whole story here.? Fear of flying? Plant a spekboom to offset your carbon footprint?Daily Maverick30 July 2019Some of the 600 spekboom handed to delegates at the SATSA conference to get the carbon offset programme rolling. (Photo: SATSA)Flygskam — the word coined in Sweden to describe the shame of flying because of the high amount of climate-changing carbon that air travel generates — is gaining traction in Europe with increasing numbers turning to rail instead.While the flygskam movement can help cut carbon emissions, if the trend grows substantially it could have a negative impact on tourism in countries that Europeans cannot reach by hopping on a train — such as South Africa.The South African tourism industry is alert to that and has come up with a scheme it hopes will ensure European tourists don’t ditch plans to fly here on holiday because of the embarrassment of clocking up carbon emissions.The idea takes the form of a carbon-offsetting project launched a few weeks ago at the Southern African Tourism Services Association’s (SATSA) annual conference in the Eastern Cape.SATSA hopes that the project will grow to such a level that tourist flights to and from South Africa will eventually become carbon-neutral.There is nothing hi-tech about it, nor anything involving complex finance or carbon markets. It simply entails planting succulents. Not just any succulents, but the humble spekboom — many millions of them — as a carbon-offsetting mechanism.? Read the whole story here. Loggerhead sea turtles nesting in record numbers in Southeast?Mother Nature Network16 July 2019Photo: Bureau of Land Management/FlickrMassive loggerhead sea turtles lumber ashore each summer to dig nests in the sand along the Atlantic Coast. Although they're found worldwide mostly in subtropical and temperate ocean waters, they're the most abundant sea turtle species found in U.S. coastal waters of the Atlantic, from North Carolina through southwest Florida, according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).All loggerhead turtle populations are listed as endangered or threatened under the Endangered Species Act and classified as vulnerable (with their numbers decreasing) on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.But there's some good news this summer. There's an egg-laying boom along the coast in Georgia, South Carolina and North Carolina, reports The Associated Press. Wildlife researchers credit the comeback to federal protections that were put in place more than 30 years ago.As MNN's Russell McLendon points out, the government protects endangered sea turtles in several ways:"Coastal wildlife refuges provide key nesting habitat, for example, since they're largely free of sea walls, beach lights and other types of development that can deter or disorient turtles. Refuge workers also cage eggs against predators like raccoons and opossums, and relocate nests at risk of washing away. And since the Endangered Species Act forbids killing or disturbing endangered turtles, they're also relatively safe from human hunters." Read the whole story here.? Trump touts environment record, green groups scoff?Reuters8 July 2019Photo credit: businessinsider.comWASHINGTON - U.S. President Donald Trump boasted about his administration’s environmental record on Monday, saying America can lead the world in fighting pollution at the same time it is promoting fossil fuels, in a speech green groups derided as “utter fantasy.”Trump, who has dismantled scores of environmental rules and rejected mainstream climate science since taking office, gave the speech at a time of growing national support here for strong environmental protections. He is widely seen as vulnerable on that issue ahead of next year's presidential elections. Read the whole story here.? How could Brexit impact the environment??France 245 July 2019Image credit: Politico.euWhen you live in Europe, the air you breathe, the water you drink and the meat or fish you eat are all controlled in Brussels. That could no longer be the case for the United Kingdom. Due to Brexit, the country is now entering uncharted territory, and the environment could become collateral damage.About 80 percent of the UK's environmental rules derive from European laws, which over the past decades have played a leading role in helping the country clean up.Previously considered the "dirty man of Europe", the UK has reduced its CO2 emissions by 38 percent since 1990, faster than any other major developed country.So how could the UK's EU withdrawal impact the environment? The government has promised a green Brexit, but activists worry much of the progress made could be undone. Read the whole story here.? Nigeria turns the tide on electronic waste?UN Environment19 June 2019An ambitious new project launched in Lagos today is aiming to reform the electronics sector and put an end to the toxic toll improper management of electronic waste is taking on Nigeria.Over half a million tonnes of discarded appliances are processed in the country every year, threatening both the health of people in the informal recycling industry and the nation’s environment.With backing from the Global Environment Facility, the Government of Nigeria has joined forces with UN Environment and partners to turn the tide on e-waste, under the Circular Economy Approaches for the Electronics Sector in Nigeria project. Led by the National Environmental Standards and Regulations Enforcement Agency (NESREA), the $15-million initiative will bring together players from government, the private sector and civil society to kickstart a financially self-sustaining circular economy approach for electronics in Nigeria, protecting the environment while creating safe employment for thousands of Nigerians. Read the whole story here.?China’s environment ministry summons six city mayors for failing to deal with winter smog?South China Morning Post13 June 2019Baoding is one of two cities in the steel heartland of Hebei province that failed to meet its air pollution targets. Photo: AlamyChina’s environment ministry has summoned the mayors of six northern cities to a meeting in Beijing to account for their failures to meet winter targets to cut smog.Average air quality worsened significantly in much of northern China over the winter compliance period from October to March, prompting concerns the country’s “war on pollution” was losing steam amid an economic slowdown.The cities named by the Ministry of Ecology and Environment on Thursday were Baoding and Langfang in the steel heartland of Hebei province, as well as Luoyang, Anyang and Puyang in neighbouring Henan and Jinzhong in Shanxi.“These cities have relaxed their efforts to defend the blue skies, key tasks have not been completed … and some problems have rebounded,” the ministry said.? Read the whole story here. World Environment Day: 10 Quotes To Inspire You For Better Living?NDTV5 June 2019Image credit: dhakatribune.comNEW DELHI: World Environment Day is celebrated on June 5 every year. Each year, World Environment Day has a new theme. The year's World Environment Day 2019 theme is "Beat Air Pollution" and the host is China. It was first established by the UN General Assembly in 1972. The day puts focus on environment and how it affects people's health. Pledging for a cleaner, safer, sustainable planet, this World Environment Day brings the focus on living in harmony with nature and addressing various challenges our environment faces.World Environment Day Quotes To Inspire You:For a better tomorrow, plant more trees and make this planet a better place to live in."Each one plant as many as you can" should be today's mantra.Live life more sustainably by being in sync with nature.A life lived consciously is a life best lived.Say no to plastic. Make your life eco-friendly products your best friend."Earth provides enough to satisfy every man's needs, but not every man's greed."- Mahatma Gandhi"A nation that destroys its soils destroys itself. Forests are the lungs of our land, purifying the air and giving fresh strength to our people."- Franklin D Roosevelt"What is the use of a house if you haven't got a tolerable planet to put it on?"- Henry David Thoreau, Familiar LettersNature is the best healer. Do not spoil it with your acts.Start changing your habits and make them environment friendly.Be pro-environment, pro-energy conservation and pro-nature this World Environment Day.Make environmentally conscious choices this World Environment Day.?Costa Rica has doubled its forest cover in the last 30 years?Mother Nature Network24 May 2019Photo: Anna Om/Shutterstock?In an interview with The New York Times, the country's first lady, urban planner Claudia Dobles, says that achieving that goal would combat a “sense of negativity and chaos” in the face of global warming. "We need to start providing answers."Although the goal seems like a big one, the tiny country lush with rainforests has already made some impressive inroads. Notably, after decades of deforestation, Costa Rica has doubled its tree cover in the last 30 years. Now, half of the country's land surface is covered with trees. That forest cover is able to absorb a huge amount of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.Although the story of Costa Rica's tree cover is a bit of a roller coaster, it's definitely on a positive climb now. In the 1940s, more than three-quarters of the country was covered in mostly tropical rainforests and other indigenous woodland, according to United Nations University. But extensive, uncontrolled logging led to severe deforestation. By 1983, only 26% of the country had forest cover. But through a continued environmental focus by policymakers, today forest cover has increased to 52%, which is double 1983 levels.Costa Rican President Carlos Alvarado has called the climate crisis "the greatest task of our generation." He and other Costa Rican leaders hope they can spur other nations to follow their example. Read the whole story here. Mexico City declares environment emergency as fires hurt air quality?Reuters14 May 2019?A Mexican flag against a hazy backdrop of buildings in metropolitan Mexico City May 14, 2019. Mexican authorities declared an environmental emergency on Tuesday for metropolitan Mexico City as smoke from nearby wildfires pushed pollution to levels deemed potentially harmful to human health. REUTERS/Henry Romero?Environmental authorities advised residents to avoid outdoor activities and exercise and remain indoors with windows and doors shut. It called for especially sensitive groups, including infants, the elderly and sick, to stay at home.The local government said later that the circulation of vehicles would be restricted for most of Wednesday.The Mexican capital is home to nearly 9 million people, with more than 21 million in its metropolitan area.The city’s Environmental Commission of the Megalopolis came under pressure to act after visibility in the city began dropping sharply last week because of ash and smoke in the air. Dry weather has played a role in a spate of fires around the city. Read the whole story here.? One burger, hold the meat?CBC The National8 May 2019Lester Walker of Ghetto Gastro adds the finishing touches to a Beyond Beef dish during a product showcase in New York City last month. (Stuart Ramson/Associated Press)Once upon a time, only vegetarians, vegans and health food aficionados would be eager to nosh on meatless meals. Now food manufacturers, grocery stores and investors see huge potential in this growing consumer trend. When California-based company Beyond Meat listed its shares on the stock market late last week, the share price shot up 163 per cent on the first day of trading.Beyond Meat patties were introduced in an A&W burger last summer. When they sold out almost immediately, it helped ignite the phenomenon.That product is now going to be available for sale at grocery stores as well, for home grilling. And other brands and other products are coming fast.Even Canadian meat giant Maple Leaf Foods is jumping on the bandwagon, investing a whopping $600 million in plant-based protein. I interviewed CEO Michael McCain for this story, and he says he now views Maple Leaf as a "protein company," not as a meat company. "The consumer has been very clear that they want more protein in their diet, that they want more choice," he says. Read the whole story here.? UK MPs declare climate emergency?Cayman News Service3 May 2019?Jeremy Corbyn addresses a crowd after climate emergency declared by Parliament?Members of the UK parliament have backed a motion brought by the opposition leader, Jeremy Corbyn, declaring an environmental emergency. The House of Commons declaration comes on the heels of mass protests in London by grassroots environmental group Extinction Rebellion. While the parliamentary support for the declaration is not legally binding on the British government, it was described by the Labour leader as “a huge step forward” that could trigger a wave of “action from parliaments and governments around the globe”.“We pledge to work as closely as possible with countries that are serious about ending the climate catastrophe and make clear to US President Donald Trump that he cannot ignore international agreements and action on the climate crisis,” he said.Labour’s motion also calls on the government to aim to achieve net-zero emissions before 2050 and for ministers to outline urgent proposals to restore the UK’s natural environment and deliver a “zero waste economy” within the next six months. Read the whole story here.? Coachella 2019: This organization wants to save the environment with the festival’s fans?20 April 2019The Press-Enterprise?Attendees of the Coachella Valley Music and Arts Festival enjoy riding seesaws at the Energy Factory booth on Saturday, April 20, 2019. (Photo by Drew A. Kelley, Contributing Photographer)?There are a few things you’ve come to expect at the Coachella Valley Music and Arts Festival.First, there’s the music and discovering new artists. Then there’s the heat, always the heat.And for 16 out of the past 20 years the festival has been happening, people have also been learning about the environment — even if they didn’t know it — thanks to Global Inheritance.As Earth Day approaches, the nonprofit environmental awareness organization, which is responsible for bringing the now iconic and colorfully decorated recycling bins and the teeter-totter that uses kinetic energy to charge your phone, celebrates its sweet 16 at Coachella with a couple of new programs.“We design programming to get people that aren’t engaged in environmental and social issues. We’re sort of that first date for people to experience different things from energy to recycling and transportation,” said Eric Ritz, founder and executive director of Global Inheritance.“It’s all the really obvious things we need to fix in the world and we present them in a way that is fun and interactive,” he added. Read the whole story here.? Living in a country that thinks green?BBC15 April 2019Norway (Photo credit: kimkim.com)?The latest climate reports look grim: recent research published in Science journal indicates that oceans are warming 40% faster than previously thought, while the UN panel of climate-change scientists released a landmark report in October 2018 warning that rising temperatures may cause major flooding, droughts, food shortages and wildfires by 2040 unless drastic action is taken.While the global community still has a long way to go in addressing the reported climate changes, certain countries have emerged as making positive global contributions to the planet, according to the Good Country Index, which aims to measure the impact a single country has on the wider world, such as its ecological footprint relative to the size of the economy and the percentage of renewable energy used.“In our age of advanced globalisation and massive interdependence, everything sooner or later, has an impact on the whole system,” said Simon Anholt, an independent policy advisor who founded the index. “I wanted to create the first index that measured the external impact of each country on the whole of humanity, the whole planet, outside its own borders.” Read the whole story here.? Sounding the climate alarm?CBC News: The National Today2 April 2019?A pharmacy sign displays record-breaking temperatures in Lille, northern France, last summer. There are several disturbing new reports about the pace and effects of global warming. (Denis Charlet/AFP/Getty Images)?The world is quickly getting warmer, and what little we are doing to combat the problem might actually be making things worse.  That's the conclusion of a series of alarming new studies and reports published over the past week, looking at the galloping impact of climate change both in Canada and around the globe.A comprehensive federal report on Canada's changing climate, released this morning, says the country is warming twice as fast as the rest of the world, with an average rise of 1.7 C since 1948. It's even more extreme in the far North, where temperatures have increased 2.3 C in the same period.The findings echo the UN's World Meteorological Organization report on the State of the Global Climate in 2018, which catalogued another year of record temperatures, soaring carbon dioxide levels, melting glaciers, and rising sea levels — up 2 to 3 mm from 2017.??The organization estimates that 62 million people worldwide were affected by extreme weather events last year, with more than two million of them forced to relocate. Read the whole story here.? The Arctic Ocean, explained?National Geographic31 March 2019?Black-legged kittiwakes soar past an Arctic Ocean iceberg in Svalbard, Norway. (Photo credit: Toehold.in)?THE ARCTIC OCEAN is Earth's northernmost body of water. It encircles the Arctic, and flows beneath it. Most of the Arctic Ocean is covered by ice throughout the year—although that is starting to change as temperatures climb. Pale and stark on the surface, the Arctic Ocean is home to a stunning array of life.Though it's the world's smallest ocean—spanning 6.1 million square miles—the Arctic is now receiving unprecedented international attention. Scientists are racing to understand how warming temperatures will alter Arctic Ocean waters—and by extension the rest of the climate—and world leaders are racing to control newly opening waters.The Arctic Ocean is warming faster than anywhere else on Earth and feeling the onslaught of climate change. Read the whole story here.? UK pupils to join global strike over climate change crisis8 February 2019The GuardianStudents protest for climate action during a Fridays for Future school strike in Magdeburg, Germany. Photograph: Klaus-Dietmar Gabbert/APThe school climate strikes that have led to tens of thousands of young people taking to the streets around the world over recent months are poised to arrive in the UK next Friday.Thousands of pupils are expected to walk out of lessons at schools and colleges across the country amid growing concern about the escalating climate crisis.The movement started in August when the 16-year-old schoolgirl Greta Thunberg held a solo protest outside Swedens parliament. Now, up to 70,000 schoolchildren each week are taking part in 270 towns and cities worldwide.Individual protests have been held in the UK, but next week a coordinated day of action is expected to result in walkouts in more than 30 towns and cities from Lancaster to Truro, and Ullapool to Leeds. Read the whole story here. Climate change endangers small Jewish communities, warn campaigners23 January 2019The JCGeorge Town Harbour flooded by rough seas (Photo credit: Cayman News Service)The Commonwealth Jewish Council is launching a campaign to raise awareness of the dangers climate change poses to small islands.Its Small Islands: Big Challenges campaign will be inaugurated on Monday at a Westminster event to be addressed by the governments former special adviser on climate change, Sir David King.Members of the CJCs 37 communities will be asked to press their governments to take action in line with the 2015 Paris Agreement on climate change.CJC president Lord Mendelsohn - who this week hosted a dinner in the Lords for High Commissioners from small islands - said the organisation backed efforts to persuade countries to implement the Paris Agreement.But we hope for more, he said in an introduction to the CJCs campaign pack. We hope to help develop durable partnerships that can deal with the challenges of weather extremes and climate change and their terrible impacts.We want to help across the range of need, from finding ways to build early warning systems and adaptation measures to mechanisms to build resilient communities.The campaign has been timed to follow this weeks celebration of Tu Bishvat, the New Year for Trees.In a video message of support which cited the commandment given to Adam to take care of the world, Chief Rabbi Ephraim Mirvis said: We have a Jewish foreign policy for the 21st century. It is our responsibility within our Jewish psyche to recognise what we should be doing for the world around us.Recalling a holiday he and his Valerie had spent in the Cayman Islands, he said residents had told him of the horrific experience they had endured when a hurricane submerged Grand Cayman under water. Read the whole story here. When it comes to saving Floridas environment, DeSantis gets it so far11 January 2019Miami HeraldPhoto credit: orlandoweekly.comGov. Ron DeSantis got lots of attention when he focused on the environment for a handful of paragraphs during his inauguration speech last week.The unusually optimistic reaction shows that Floridians who hope to preserve a few precious pieces of this remarkable place are starved for hope and desperate for leadership.DeSantis began his green passage with an understatement: Our economic potential will be jeopardized if we do not solve the problems afflicting our environment and water resources.In truth, Floridas economy wont merely be jeopardized if we dont clean up our act; it will be strangled. Witness the crushing impact of the marathon red-tide outbreak and blue-green algae blooms upon businesses in coastal communities. That was a harrowing, nauseating, tourist-repelling glimpse of the future.But, unlike his predecessor, DeSantis seems to grasp that its a serious long-term challenge, not a fleeting scientific anomaly-turned-political inconvenience. The quality of our water and environmental surroundings are foundational to our prosperity as a state, DeSantis said. It doesnt just drive tourism; it affects property values, anchors many local economies and is central to our quality of life. The water is part and parcel of Florida s DNA, he went on. Protecting it is the smart thing to do; its also the right thing to do.Some wariness from the public would make sense, because this isnt the first time weve heard such words from politicians who in times of choking red tides or slime-covered rivers become born-again environmentalists. The test, of course, is how hard (or if) the politicians back up their words after the campaign is over.DeSantis is wasting no time. On Thursday, he issued a head-spinning executive order calling for a $2.5 billion hike in environmental funding, including increased water-quality monitoring, a purge of septic tanks, and hang on a ban on fracking. This is a Republican, folks, one who apparently has heard of Theodore Roosevelt. Read the whole story here. In India, Natures Power Overwhelms Engineered WetlandsYale Enviornment 36020 December 2018Partially submerged houses in Kerala, India last August. REUTERS / SIVARAM VIn India, they call the state of Kerala in the countrys far south Gods own country. That wasnt how it felt last August, when monsoon floods devastated its densely populated low-lying coastal plain. Around 500 people drowned, in an area best known to outsiders for its placid backwaters, a network of brackish lakes, lagoons, and canals where growing numbers of Western tourists cruise the picturesque waterways aboard luxury houseboats.Now that the floodwaters have abated, questions are being raised about whether the disaster was made worse by water engineering projects in the backwaters designed to feed the states population and attract tourists. Increasingly, Kerala residents are wondering if Gods own country is damned as well as dammed.The floods came out of the Western Ghats. This chain of mountains down the west side of India is one of the countrys wettest places, drenched from June to September in monsoon. In early August, the rains there were exceptionally intense and unremitting. The rivers flowing from the mountains west toward the Arabian Sea dumped their water into the backwaters on a coastal plain that is largely below sea level. Read the whole story here. Do Brazilians really care about the environment?Scientific American8 November 2018by Carlos SouzaPhoto credit: Getty ImagesThe election of Jair Bolsonaro as our next president suggests we dont, but the truth is more complicated.Brazil is the guardian of the planets largest tropical rainforest, where most of the Earth's biodiversity and forest carbon stocks are concentrated, and which possesses the worlds largest reservoir of fresh water. Its natural patrimony extends over other five unique biomes. Even though, recently elected President Jair Bolsonaro, with 55 percent of valid votes, had made clear during his campaign that the environmental agenda was not a priority.Bolsonaros first moves after the election showed signs that he was going to merge the Ministry of the Environment with the Ministry of Agriculture. However, in response to initial critiques from academics, NGOs, conservationists, and part of the agribusiness sectorsuch a merger had been called an extinction by conservationists, anthropologists, and activistsBolsonaro is backing down. But Bolsonaro has promised other actions that could negatively affect the environmental, such as allowing mining inside Protected Areas; ending he calls an industry" of fines designed to enforce the environmental regulation; and making environmental licensing for infrastructure development and the use of pesticides more flexible.Collateral effects of his promises during the presidential campaign to loosen environmental regulations have already begun. Deforestation in the Amazon region has risen, according to existing forest monitoring alerts (see SAD data from Imazon and DETER data from Inpe.), and more invasions of Protected Areas. Read the whole story here. The White House approved a climate reportThe New York TimesClimate Fwd:by Lisa Friedman10 October 2018Its been a big week for climate science. My colleague Coral Davenport, who spent the past week in Korea nailing down the findings of a landmark report from the United Nations scientific panel on climate change, writes that the immediate consequences of global warming are more dire than previously thought. The report describes a strong risk of crisis as early as 2040.At current levels of warming, which stand around 1.8 degrees Fahrenheit (1.0 degree Celsius) above preindustrial levels, the planet is already seeing more intense forest fires, coral bleaching, storm surges and crop failures.Things will get far worse, the report found, if the warming reaches 2.7 degrees Fahrenheit (1.5 degrees Celsius). That, unfortunately, is the course were on. This piece by Brad Plumer and Nadja Popovich helps visualize how critical that half-degree Celsius can be.Despite the scientists call to action, Coral and Mark Landler report, the response from the White House was muted, with President Trump saying Tuesday evening only that he will be looking at it. Since the Trump administration has systematically worked to discredit climate science and dismantle regulations aimed at reducing greenhouse gas emissions, it fit a pattern.And yet Coral noted something significant: Despite its stance on climate science, the Trump administration formally approved the document. In the world of diplomacy, it sends a signal that even the Trump administration might not be willing to publicly buck the conclusions of the worlds top climate scientists. Read the whole story here. Nobel Prize-winning economist says carbon taxes are the solution to climate changeCBC8 October 2018Paul Romer,2018 Nobel Memorial Prize in economic sciences co-winner(Photo credit: qz.com)Just hours before William Nordhaus and Paul Romer won a Nobel Prize on Monday for their work on the economics of climate change, the UN issued a dire warning about global warming.The report from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change says that an extra single degree of heat could make a life-or-death difference in the next few decades for multitudes of people and ecosystems on this fast-warming planet.But Romer whose work focuses on adapting economic theory to take better account of environmental issues and technological progress says this crisis can easily be averted through economic policy. Read the whole story here. Swiss Company Opens Its Third CO2-Capturing SiteYale Environment 3602 October 2018A new ClimeWorks facility in Italy will suck 150 metric tons of CO2 from the atmosphere every year. CLIMEWORKSClimeWorks, a Swiss company working to commercialize carbon sequestration technology, has opened its third carbon dioxide capture site, located in Troia, Italy. The new plant will suck 150 metric tons of CO2 from the atmosphere every year the equivalent of taking 32 cars off the road and convert it to methane to be used in natural gas-powered trucks, Quartz reported.Scientists have long argued that reducing greenhouse gas emissions isnt enough by itself to combat climate change. The world must also lower existing atmospheric concentrations of CO2 by removing carbon dioxide from the air. ClimeWorks launched its first carbon sequestration plant in Zurich in May 2017. The facility captures 900 metric tons of CO2 annually, which is then pumped into the greenhouse of a Swiss farm. Read the whole story here. Worlds First Recycled Plastic Bike Path Opens in The NetherlandsYale Environment 36017 September 2018A new bike path in the Dutch city of Zwolle is made from the equivalent of 218,000 recycled plastic cups. Photo credit: KWS/TOTAL/WAVINA new 100-foot track in the Dutch city of Zwolle is the worlds first bike path made almost entirely out of recycled plastic, containing the equivalent of 218,000 plastic cups or 500,000 plastic bottle caps. The plastic road is the latest example of the growing shift among cities and businesses toward a circular economy, which requires reusing products and producing no waste.The designers of the new bike path in Zwolle Dutch engineering firm KWS, pipe maker Wavin, and French oil major Total claim the road is two to three times more durable than traditional asphalt roads and has the potential for drastically reducing the amount of plastic waste that ends up in landfills and oceans. This first pilot is a big step towards a sustainable road made of recycled plastic waste, the paths inventors, Anne Koudstaal and Simon Jorritsma, said in a statement.The plastic track is a prefabricated, modular design, allowing for quick and easy installation. It is filled with sensors that will monitor the durability of the road, including tracking temperature and the number of bike trips. The path also has cavities to divert and store excess stormwater. A second plastic section of bike path will be installed in the Dutch city of Giethoorn in November.In recent years, engineers across the globe have been developing innovative second uses for roadways, from building bridges out of recycled plastic to opening solar-paneled motorways. Giant deep sea coral reef discovered off South Carolina coastMother Nature Network26 August 2018A deep sea coral specimen that was discovered off the coast of East Timor. (Photo: Nick Hobgood/Wiki Commons)It's not every day that you find a huge, previously undiscovered biological feature sitting right off a major U.S. coastline, but that's exactly what scientists manning the research vessel Atlantis stumbled upon while exploring some 160 miles off the coast of Charleston, South Carolina.There, about a half mile below the ocean's surface, lies a dense forest of deep sea coral that stretches for at least 85 miles. It's a humongous ecosystem that has probably been developing for at least a few hundred thousand years.This is a huge feature, said Erik Cordes, the expedition's chief scientist, to the Huffington Post. Its incredible that it stayed hidden off the U.S. East Coast for so long.Just mountains of it, he added. We couldnt find a place that didnt have corals.The existence of the reef, which was initially flagged from sonar mapping, was officially confirmed using a pair of submersible dives. The expedition's original mission was to explore uncharted canyons, gas seeps and coral ecosystems off the Atlantic coast. No one thought that they'd find something like this, though.The live corals are living upon giant mounds of rubble that were constructed by the corals that came before them. It's a massive piece of scaffolding that accumulates as corals die and leave their skeletal remains behind. Cordes estimates that coral has likely been growing here for millennia. He also predicts that the reef probably plays a keystone role in the region's fisheries. The team witnessed at least one giant swordfish cruising over the corals during their time in the submersible.The find comes as the Trump administration is proposing an expansive offshore drilling plan that could stretch up and down the Atlantic coast. Researchers hope that their findings will stall those plans, or at least strengthen efforts to designate protected zones. Given that these coral reefs are a new, previously unstudied ecosystem, it's unclear just how sensitive the region's ecology might be to oil and gas exploration.It's a remarkable discovery, and proof of just how little we know about the ocean's ecosystems. Hopefully it won't disappear before we get a chance to truly explore and understand this natural wonder. Environment Minister Nicolas Hulot quits French governmentFrance 2428 August 2018Photo credit: Rappler.comFrench Environment Minister Nicolas Hulot announced his resignation on Tuesday, citing disappointment with the lack of progress on climate and other environmental goals.Hulot said his decision, taken on Monday night, was the result of an accumulation of disappointments over the inadequacy of steps to tackle climate change, defend biodiversity and address other environmental threats.A former TV presenter and green activist whose cabinet portfolio included energy, Hulot said on France Inter radio that he had not yet informed President Emmanuel Macron of his decision to resign.Hulot consistently scored high in popularity polls and his departure will be a blow to Macron, whose own ratings are plumbing new lows. Read the whole story here. Illegal fishing and Amazon deforestation operations linked with offshore tax havensThe Independent13 August 2018Industries linked to environmental damage including Amazon rainforest deforestation and illegal fishing are heavily involved in the shady world of offshore tax havens.An investigation has revealed that huge quantities of money flowing into the Brazilian soy and beef sectors are funnelled through nations where taxation is low and financial transparency is lacking.The same analysis found most fishing vessels implicated in illegal or unregulated activities were registered in tax havens.The release of the Paradise Papers and Panama Papers has shown how businesses, politicians and global elites make use of offshore tax havens to undertake financial dealings in secret and pay minimal tax.However, the potential environmental impacts of these activities have been largely ignored. Read the whole story here. Al Gore Says President Trump Not Yet as Damaging to Environment as He FearedTIME14 August 2018Former U.S. Vice President Al Gore speaks during an interview in Greensboro, N.C., Aug. 13, 2018. Gerry BroomeAPThe Trump administration has made some dangerous changes to environmental policy, but the damage so far has been less than it initially appeared, former Vice President Al Gore said in an interview Monday.He (President Trump) has had less of an impact so far than I feared that he would. Someone said last year his administration is a blend of malevolence and incompetence, Gore said in an interview with The Associated Press in Greensboro. I think theyve made some mistakes in some of the moves theyve made. The courts have blocked some of what they wanted to do as a result.Even the Republican-controlled Congress has stepped in at times, he said. The U.S. system has a lot of inherent resilience, Gore said. Its hard for one person, even the president, to change things very quickly if the majority of American people dont want them changed. Read the whole story here. How corruption has damaged Armenia's environmentFRANCE 2418 June 2018Photo credit: 123RF.comIt's now more than a month since anti-government demonstrations in Armenia forced the government of Serzh Sargsyan to resign. At the heart of the protest movement was anger over widespread corruption. Open-pit mining has left scars on the tiny country's beautiful landscape. Corruption allowed developers to flaunt environmental regulations and locals' rights, as FRANCE 24's Gulliver Cragg reports. Watch the video here. In a warming West, the Rio Grande is drying upThe New York Times24 May 2018The Rio Grande south of Socorro, N.M.Even in a good year, much of the Rio Grande is diverted forirrigation. But its only May, and the river is already turning to sand.LEMITAR, N.M. Mario Rosales, who farms 365 acres along the Rio Grande, knows the river is in bad shape this year. It has already dried to a dusty ribbon of sand in some parts, and most of the water that does flow is diverted to irrigate crops, including Mr. Rosaless fields of wheat, oats, alfalfa and New Mexicos beloved chiles.Because last winters mountain snowpack was the second-lowest on record, even that irrigation water may run out at the end of July, three months earlier than usual. But Mr. Rosales isnt worried. He is sure that the summer thunderstorms, known here as the monsoon, will come.Sooner or later, well get the water, he said.The monsoon rains he is counting on are notoriously unpredictable, however. So he and many of the other farmers who work 62,000 acres along 140 miles of the Rio Grande in central New Mexico may get by or they may not.Nobodys got a whole lot of water, said David Gensler, the hydrologist for the Middle Rio Grande Conservancy District, whose job is to manage the river water that is delivered to Mr. Rosales and the others through diversion dams, canals and ditches. If we use it up early in the season and dont get any rain further on, the whole things going to crash. Read the whole story here. Kenyas coastal conservation heroesUN Environment15 May 2018Kenya Marine and Fisheries Research Institute Chief Scientist James Kairo holds a mangrove seedling while talking to visitors at the Mikoko Pamoja project site.Here in Gazi we get 1.5 tonnes [of carbon] per hectare, Kairo says. That is the carbon stored below ground and if you add the one which is stored above ground, which is up to 500 tonnes, we are talking about 2,000 tonnes of carbon in the system.Just 30 km south of the booming port town of Mombasa, residents of two tranquil Kenyan villages are making history.Here, amongst the mud-walled houses and coconut trees, the people of Gazi and Makongeni villages have become the worlds first communities to harness the carbon market through mangrove conservation.The Mikoko Pamoja (mangroves together) project is restoring Gazi Bays coastal ecosystems, with community members planting thousands of mangrove seedlings each year and trading the resulting carbon offset on the global market protecting the coastline, restoring local fisheries, and bringing in over $25,000 for community initiatives in the projects first two years alone. Read the whole story here. Caribbean Island Nations Cite U.S. Report at Climate Change TalksScientific American3 May 2018Photo credit Express.co.ukA U.S. report was offered for a conference on how the global battle against climate change is progressingbut it wasnt put there by the United States.A group of Caribbean islands led by St. Lucia posted the 2017 U.S. National Climate Assessment special report released under the Trump administration in November as one of its submissions ahead of Sundays dialogue on progress and ambition for the Paris Agreement. Its a forum intended to encourage countries to increase the ambition of their Paris pledges by 2020.The climate of the United States is strongly connected to the changing global climate, begins the executive summary of the report, which the U.S. Office of Global Change released after a deadline had lapsed. It is part of the Fourth National Climate Assessment, which will be completed in 2018.Its unclear whether the islands were making a political statement by offering the report. The United States has made no submission ahead of Sundays preliminary Talanoa Dialogue discussion on the sidelines of the U.N. Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) talks in Bonn, Germany. The State Department confirmed that the United States will participate in the Sunday session.So the highly vulnerable islands might have intended the submission as a dig against the Trump administration for its Paris retreat and lack of financial assistance to at-risk countries like them. But a separate submission points to the reports section on the Southeast and the Caribbean, which details threats from changes in ocean circulation and other impacts. Read the whole story here. Electric buses are hurting the oil industryBloomberg.com23 April 2018Photo credit: govtech.com- About 279,000 barrels a day of fuel wont be needed this year- China adds a London-sized electric bus fleet every five weeksElectric buses were seen as a joke at an industry conference in Belgium seven years ago when the Chinese manufacturer BYD Co. showed an early model.Everyone was laughing at BYD for making a toy, recalled Isbrand Ho, the Shenzhen-based companys managing director in Europe. And look now. Everyone has one.Suddenly, buses with battery-powered motors are a serious matter with the potential to revolutionize city transportand add to the forces reshaping the energy industry. With China leading the way, making the traditional smog-belching diesel behemoth run on electricity is starting to eat away at fossil fuel demand. Read the whole story here. How the Environment Has Changed Since the First Earth DayNational Geographic21 April 2018Ash spews from a coal-fueled power plantWhen Earth Day was first created in 1970, it rode the coattails of a decade filled with social activism. Voting rights were strengthened, civil rights were outlined, and women were demanding equal treatment.But there was no Environmental Protection Agency, no Clean Air Act, or Clean Water Act.Fast forward 48 years and what started as a grassroots movement has exploded into an international day of attention and activism dedicated to preserving the environment. Officially, the United Nations recognizes this upcoming April 22 as International Mother Earth Day.Across the globe, millions of people take part in Earth Day. According to the Earth Day Network, one of the largest activist bodies organizing Earth Day events, people celebrate by holding marches, planting trees, meeting with local representatives, and cleaning up their local environments. Read the whole story here. Global Warming is Increasing Russia's Profits, and PollutionVICE News8 March 2018Photo credit: Wikipedia.orgWhile many parts of the world are struggling from catastrophic effects of climate change, Russia is looking to capitalize on it, with the Kremlin driving a narrative that touts the economic benefits.Like more and faster access to petroleum and mineral reserves that were previously unreachable. The Northern Sea Passage, a legendary shipping lane along Russias Arctic coastline, has been largely inaccessible for part of the year because of dense sea ice. But now, that ice is melting, opening up a new trade route for Russia's cargo ships. Russian oil companies are already betting big on the new reserves they hope to find in the Russian Arctic, and other industries like mining are ramping up production since they now have faster shipping routes to many ports. Read the whole story here.China's plastic trash banREUTERS (Oslo)29 January 2018REUTERS-Kim Kyung-Hoon-File PhotoChinas crackdown on imports of plastic trash should be a signal for rich nations to increase recycling and cut down on non-essential products such as plastic drinking straws, the head of the U.N Environment Programme said on Monday.Erik Solheim, a former Norwegian environment minister, urged developed nations to re-think their use of plastics and not simply seek alternative foreign dumping grounds after Chinas restrictions took effect this month.We should see the Chinese decision I heard some complaints from Europeans as a great service to the people of China and a wake-up call to the rest of the world, he said in a telephone interview from Nairobi.And there are lots of products we simply dont need.Prime examples, he said, were microbeads - tiny pieces of plastic often used in cosmetics which have been found to pollute the worlds oceans, rivers and lakes - and drinking straws.The average American uses 600 straws a year, he said, generating vast amounts of plastic waste. Everyone can drink straight from the bottle or the cup.He suggested restaurants and bars could put up signs along the lines of: If you desperately need a straw we will provide it.Some companies have already cut back on straws.He praised bans on microbeads, sometimes used as abrasives in facial scrubs or toothpaste. The United States passed a law in 2015 to ban microbeads and a ban in Britain took effect this month.Piles of waste have built up in some western ports after China, the main destination for more than half of plastic waste exported by western nations, banned foreign garbage including some grades of plastics and paper. Read the whole story here.Why plastic straws are key to fighting ocean pollutionThe Weather Network1 December 2017Photo Credit www.theweathernetwork.comThe world uses 1 billion unrecyclable plastic straws a day 500 million in the United States an untold number of which end up in the ocean, polluting the water and coastlines and posing a deadly threat to sea turtles and other marine animals. The Lonely Whale Foundations Strawless in Seattle campaign resulted in the elimination of 2.3 million disposable plastic straws in the month of September in that city. As of July 1, 2018, Seattle will ban non-compostable plastic straws and cutlery from 3,100 food service businesses that range from Starbucks to sports stadiums. Lonely Whale will take its strawless campaign to at least 10 more cities next year. Read whole story here. Business risk from climate change now top of mind for Canadas corporate boardsThe Globe and Mail22 November 2017Michael Sabia has a message for Canada's corporate directors as he weighs how to deploy one of the biggest pools of investment capital in the country: Climate change is top of mind.Mr. Sabia the chief executive officer of the Caisse de dpt et placement du Qubec wants climate-related factors to be at the core of how the country's second-largest pension fund approaches all of its investment decisions, regardless of asset class."That's what I think is going to be required for investors like us to benefit from the opportunities and protect ourselves from the risks that are obvious here," Mr. Sabia says.Last month, the pension fund announced plans to slash the carbon footprint of its investment portfolio by 25 per cent by 2025. It also aims to boost its low-carbon investments by 50 per cent to the tune of more than $8-billion by 2020.The term "carbon footprint" refers to the amount of greenhouse gases produced by a particular company or person. As part of its commitment, the Caisse says it will be reducing its exposure to the most carbon-intensive assets in its portfolio, such as activities related to coal. The pension fund will also begin disclosing data on the portfolio's greenhouse gas emissions in its annual report. Read the whole story here.Satellite eye on Earth: September 2017 - in picturesThe Guardian31 October 2017Photograph VIIRS-Suomi NPP-NASAAlgal blooms, hurricanes and volcano fields are among the images captured by Nasa and the ESA last month. See the fascinating photoshere. Forget 'the environment': we need new words to convey life's wondersThe GuardianAugust 9, 2017If Moses had promised the Israelites a land flowing with mammary secretions and insect vomit, would they have followed him into Canaan? Though this means milk and honey, I doubt it would have inspired them.So why do we use such language to describe the natural wonders of the world? There are examples everywhere, but I will illustrate the problem with a few from the UK. On land, places in which nature is protected are called sites of special scientific interest. At sea, they are labelled no-take zones or reference areas. Had you set out to estrange people from the living world, you could scarcely have done better. Read the whole story here. Chinas Religious Revival Fuels Environmental ActivismThe New York TimesJuly 12, 2017MAO MOUNTAIN, China Far from the smog-belching power plants of nearby cities, on a hillside covered in solar panels and blossoming magnolias, Yang Shihua speaks of the need for a revolution.Mr. Yang, the abbot of Mao Mountain, a sacred Taoist site in eastern China, has grown frustrated by indifference to a crippling pollution crisis that has left the land barren and the sky a haunting gray. So he has set out to spur action through religion, building a $17.7 million eco-friendly temple and citing 2,000-year-old texts to rail against waste and pollution.China doesnt lack money it lacks a reverence for the environment, Abbot Yang said. Our morals are in decline and our beliefs have been lost. Read the whole story here. Stony corals more resistant to climate change than thoughtScience DailyJune 1, 2017Stylophora pistillata is a colorful and well-studied stony coral common in the Indo-Pacific.Stony corals may be more resilient to ocean acidification than once thought, according to a Rutgers University study that shows they rely on proteins to help create their rock-hard skeletons."The bottom line is that corals will make rock even under adverse conditions," said Paul G. Falkowski, a distinguished professor who leads the Environmental Biophysics and Molecular Ecology Laboratory at Rutgers University-New Brunswick. "They will probably make rock even as the ocean becomes slightly acidic from the burning of fossil fuels."Read the whole story here.Facts and evidence matter in confronting climate crisisDavid Suzuki FoundationMarch 24, 2017Melting arctic ice in the sunset (Photo credit: NASA Goddard Space Flight Center via Flickr)We recently highlighted the faulty logic of a pseudoscientific argument against addressing climate change: the proposition that because CO2 is necessary for plants, increasing emissions is good for the planet and the life it supports.Those who read, write or talk regularly about climate change and ecology are familiar with other anti-environmental arguments not coated with a scientific sheen. A common one is that if you drive a car, buy any plastic goods or even type on a computer keyboard your observation that we need to reduce fossil fuel use is not valid no matter how much evidence you present. Like the CO2 is plant food claim, its a poor argument, but for different reasons.Its easy to refute the junk science claim with large amounts of available evidence. This ones simply a logical fallacy.The statement that gas-fuelled cars cause pollution is true whether or not the person making it drives a car, just as a claim that automobile emissions are harmless is false, regardless of the claimants car ownership or driving habits.As well as being a faulty assertion, pointing out the many uses for fossil fuels in an attempt to reject the need to reduce reliance on them is actually an argument in favour of burning less coal, gas and oil. Fossil fuels are useful for many purposes from life-saving medical equipment to computer keyboards so why extract, transport and burn them so rapidly and wastefully? Supplies arent endless.Read the whole story here. Pope Francis, in Sweeping Encyclical, Calls for Swift Action on Climate ChangeNew York TimesJune 18, 2015Pope Francis on Thursday called for a radical transformation of politics, economics and individual lifestyles to confront environmental degradation and climate change, blending a biting critique of consumerism and irresponsible development with a plea for swift and unified global action.The vision that Francis outlined in a 184-page papal encyclical is sweeping in ambition and scope: He describes relentless exploitation and destruction of the environment and says apathy, the reckless pursuit of profits, excessive faith in technology and political shortsightedness are to blame.The most vulnerable victims, he declares, are the worlds poorest people, who are being dislocated and disregarded.Francis, the first pope from the developing world, used the encyclical titled Laudato Si, or Praise Be to You to highlight the crisis posed by climate change. He places most of the blame on fossil fuels and human activity, while warning of an unprecedented destruction of ecosystems, with serious consequence for all of us if corrective action is not taken swiftly. Developed, industrialized countries were mostly responsible, he says, and are obligated to help poorer nations confront the crisis. Read the whole story here. The Dutch boy mopping up a sea of plasticBBC News MagazineOctober16, 2014"I don't understand why 'obsessive' has a negative connotation, I'm an obsessive and I like it," says Boyan Slat. "I get an idea and I stick to it."This idea came to him at the age of 16, in the summer of 2011, when diving in Greece. "I saw more plastic bags than fish," says Slat. He was shocked, and even more shocked that there was no apparent solution. "Everyone said to me: 'Oh there's nothing you can do about plastic once it gets into the oceans,' and I wondered whether that was true."Over the last 30 to 40 years, millions of tonnes of plastic have entered the oceans. Global production of plastic now stands at 288 million tonnes per year, of which 10% ends up in the ocean in time. Most of that - 80% - comes from land-based sources. Litter gets swept into drains, and ends up in rivers - so that plastic straw or cup lid you dropped, the cigarette butt you threw on the road they could all end up in the sea.The plastic is carried by currents and congregates in five revolving water systems, called gyres, in the major oceans, the most infamous being the huge Pacific Garbage Patch, half way between Hawaii and California. Read the whole story here. Addressing global warming is an economic necessityDavid Suzuki FoundationJuly 11, 2014Those who don't outright deny the existence of human-caused global warming often argue we can't or shouldn't do anything about it because it would be too costly. Take Prime Minister Stephen Harper [of Canada], whorecently said, "No matter what they say, no country is going to take actions that are going to deliberately destroy jobs and growth in their country."But in failing to act on global warming, many leaders are putting jobs and economic prosperity at risk, according to recent studies. It's suicidal, both economically and literally, to focus on the fossil fuel industry's limited, short-term economic benefits at the expense of long-term prosperity, human health and the natural systems, plants and animals that make our well-being and survival possible. Those who refuse to take climate change seriously are subjecting us to enormous economic risks and foregoing the numerous benefits that solutions would bring.The World Bank hardly a radical organization isbehind one study. While still viewing the problem and solutions through the lens of outmoded economic thinking, its report demolishes arguments made by the likes of Stephen Harper. Read the whole story here. UN Panel Looks to Renewables As the Key to Stabilizing ClimateYale Environment 360April 17, 2014In its latest report, the UN's Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change makes a strong case for a sharp increase in low-carbon energy production, especially solar and wind, and provides hope that this transformation can occur in time to hold off the worst impacts of global warming.Those wind turbines endlessly turning on the hill near your home tell of a changing world. So do the fields of solar panels sprouting from the deserts of California to the plains of Germany. But the world is not changing fast enough, says the latest report from the UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).The 2,000-page study of how to head off climate change, released in Berlin on Sunday, calls for a tripling of the share of global energy generated by low-carbon energy sources. Electricity generation will have to go from its current 30 percent use of low-carbon sources to 80 percent by 2050, the report says. And with todays main low-carbon sources nuclear and hydropower unlikely to grow much, that requires a vastly bigger plug-in to the newcomers, wind and solar.Only that way, says the IPCC, can the world have a better-than-even chance of keeping below the two degrees of warming widely regarded as the danger level.Crazy? Some believe an industrial world powered by sun and wind is an expensive green dream that is destined to fail. But maybe not. For one thing, the report says, prices of wind and solar energy are falling fast. So the damaging impact of such a transformation on the global economy would be very small provided we get moving soon. Read the whole story here.Johnson’s Brexit Deal Could Water Down Environmental Standards?Forbes22 October 2019Anti-Brexit protesters take part in 'Together for the Final Say' rally on October 19th, 2019, in London, UK. NURPHOTO VIA GETTY IMAGESThe British Parliament is today fiercely debating whether to approve a new Brexit deal negotiated by British Prime Minister Boris Johnson, and its approval will depend on getting enough support from opposition Labour Party MEPs.But as they learn more about what this version of Brexit would have in store for British environmental protection, they less the Labour MEPs like it.Like in the United States, environmental law in the EU is an area mostly legislated at ‘federal’ level – that is, in Brussels. That’s because standards need to be consistent across the EU’s single market.If the U.K. secedes from the European Union, it will be free to make its own environmental law. Given that Johnson’s governing Conservative Party has cited EU environmental regulations as the kind of “red tape” they want to do away with, there are concerns that environment and climate law is about to be uprooted to make the U.K. a more attractive place for industry. Read the whole story here.Johnson’s Brexit Deal Could Water Down Environmental Standards?Forbes22 October 2019Anti-Brexit protesters take part in 'Together for the Final Say' rally on October 19th, 2019, in London, UK. NURPHOTO VIA GETTY IMAGESThe British Parliament is today fiercely debating whether to approve a new Brexit deal negotiated by British Prime Minister Boris Johnson, and its approval will depend on getting enough support from opposition Labour Party MEPs.But as they learn more about what this version of Brexit would have in store for British environmental protection, they less the Labour MEPs like it.Like in the United States, environmental law in the EU is an area mostly legislated at ‘federal’ level – that is, in Brussels. That’s because standards need to be consistent across the EU’s single market.If the U.K. secedes from the European Union, it will be free to make its own environmental law. Given that Johnson’s governing Conservative Party has cited EU environmental regulations as the kind of “red tape” they want to do away with, there are concerns that environment and climate law is about to be uprooted to make the U.K. a more attractive place for industry. Read the whole story here.Johnson’s Brexit Deal Could Water Down Environmental Standards?Forbes22 October 2019Anti-Brexit protesters take part in 'Together for the Final Say' rally on October 19th, 2019, in London, UK. NURPHOTO VIA GETTY IMAGESThe British Parliament is today fiercely debating whether to approve a new Brexit deal negotiated by British Prime Minister Boris Johnson, and its approval will depend on getting enough support from opposition Labour Party MEPs.But as they learn more about what this version of Brexit would have in store for British environmental protection, they less the Labour MEPs like it.Like in the United States, environmental law in the EU is an area mostly legislated at ‘federal’ level – that is, in Brussels. That’s because standards need to be consistent across the EU’s single market.If the U.K. secedes from the European Union, it will be free to make its own environmental law. Given that Johnson’s governing Conservative Party has cited EU environmental regulations as the kind of “red tape” they want to do away with, there are concerns that environment and climate law is about to be uprooted to make the U.K. a more attractive place for industry. Read the whole story here.Seven Caribbean countries will ban the use of plastics in the year 2020?Yucatan Times4 December 2019Starting January 1st, 2020, single-use plastics and polystyrene will be banned in seven Caribbean countries, with the main objective of preventing ocean pollution which directly affects different marine species.Unfortunately, the Caribbean has been highlighted as one of the most polluted regions in the world, so this measure is intended to prevent the degradation of their marine habitat that would cause a health and food security  risk for some 40 million people living in coastal areas.Which Countries Will Ban The Use Of Plastic?Jamaica, Belize, Barbados, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Trinidad and Tobago and the Bahamas are the countries that will ban the import and use of single-use plastics and polystyrene starting on January 1st, 2020.ImportanceAn average of 5 billion plastic bags made from petroleum products are consumed each year, most of these items could take hundreds of years to degrade.Facts
Cayman Eco
https://caymaneco.org/
Eléphants sans frontières – Les Lettres d'ivoire Eléphants sans frontières – Les Lettres d'ivoire
Que serait la France sans vignobles, vaches et chèvres ? Un pays sans âme que personne ne reconnaîtrait tant ses paysages et son art de vivre sont associés aux vins et aux fromages. Imaginez maintenant l'Afrique sans éléphants et sans lions. Serait-ce encore l'Afrique ? Bien sûr que non. C'est pourtant ce qui risque d'arriver d'ici…
https://cervieres.com/
Chanluu.com Chanluu.com
This classic double wrap bracelet is composed of Ethiopian opals on beige leather and closes with an engraved Chan Luu oval button. Wear it as a stand-alone piece or layer it with other bracelets. MATERIALS Ethiopian opals, beige leather MEASUREMENTS Adjustable closureApprox. 12" / 13" / 14" in length CARE Please visit
https://chanluu.com/
GWH Service – Chicago Medicine GWH Service – Chicago Medicine
GWH Service – Chicago Medicine
https://chicago.medicine.uic.edu/
Bienvenue - ChicIntemporel Bienvenue - ChicIntemporel
Balise Metadescription - home page
https://chic-intemporel.com/
Sponsor a Child – Ethiopia – Children’s House International Adoptions Sponsor a Child – Ethiopia – Children’s House International Adoptions
Sponsor a Child – Ethiopia – Children’s House International Adoptions
https://childrenshouseinternational.com/
Ethiopian Legal Brief – A blog about Ethiopian Law Ethiopian Legal Brief – A blog about Ethiopian Law
A blog about Ethiopian Law
https://chilot.me/
Addis Ababa Archives - Climate Outreach Addis Ababa Archives - Climate Outreach
Addis Ababa Archives - Climate Outreach
https://climateoutreach.org/
All 157 on board die in crash of Ethiopian Airlines flight - World - columbustelegram.com All 157 on board die in crash of Ethiopian Airlines flight - World - columbustelegram.com
An Ethiopian Airlines flight crashed shortly after takeoff from Ethiopia's capital on Sunday morning, killing all 157 on board, authorities said, as grieving families rushed to airports in Addis Ababa
https://columbustelegram.com/
Daniel Axum (Character) - Comic Vine Daniel Axum (Character) - Comic Vine
Super-strong person, met several defeats before being imprisoned after battle with Spider-Man. Released from prison after three years, attempted to rebuild life as professional fighter under the name Axum.
https://comicvine.gamespot.com/
Trading at Ethiopia Commodity Exchange (ECX) at Commodity.com Trading at Ethiopia Commodity Exchange (ECX) at Commodity.com
Addis Ababa’s Ethiopia Commodity Exchange (ECX) is an example of one of the new breed of commodity exchanges that are springing up around the world.
https://commodity.com/
Of Immigration, Neoliberal Globalisation, Mtumbaism & the Struggle for a Just, Peaceful and Progressive World Order Of Immigration, Neoliberal Globalisation, Mtumbaism & the Struggle for a Just, Peaceful and Progressive World Order
The Communist Party of Kenya (CPK) is a political party registered in accordance with the Constitution of Kenya and Political Party’s Act of 2011.
https://communistpartyofkenya.org/
Lotta skirt pattern for girls, teenagers and adults - Compagnie-M Lotta skirt pattern for girls, teenagers and adults - Compagnie-M
The Lotta skirt by Compagnie M. is a gathered skirt with folded pockets as a fun detail. You can choose a version with or without lining depending on the season.
https://compagnie-m.com/
Containerized car wash Containerized car wash
Containerized car wash
https://conservationx.com/
Injera - Cooking with Kids Injera - Cooking with Kids
Injera - Cooking with Kids
https://cookingwithkids.org/
Couleurcafe.ca Couleurcafe.ca
L'éthiopie produit un café qui mérite d'être goûté. Le HARRAR doux, suave et très parfumé, il est recherché par son inoubliable arôme presque boucané.
https://couleurcafe.ca/
Addis Ababa Golf Club - Addis Ababa, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia - SwingU Addis Ababa Golf Club - Addis Ababa, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia - SwingU
Addis Ababa Golf Club - Addis Ababa, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia - Swing By Swing
https://courses.swingbyswing.com/
Cousins Furniture - Shop Sofas, Dining, Bedroom and Accessories Cousins Furniture - Shop Sofas, Dining, Bedroom and Accessories
A family-run business, Cousins Furniture can help make a house your home. Shop now for great ranges in sofas, dining, bedroom furniture, rugs and more.
https://cousinsfurniture.co.uk/
Cuddleandkind.com Cuddleandkind.com
Cuddleandkind.com
https://cuddleandkind.com/
Accueil - Aspirateur Central Cyclo Vac Accueil - Aspirateur Central Cyclo Vac
Accueil - Aspirateur Central Cyclo Vac
https://cyclovac.com/
Po wyborach parlamentarnych. Marek Balt miekko laduje w CzPK Po wyborach parlamentarnych. Marek Balt miekko laduje w CzPK
Prawdopodobnie jeszcze w tym tygodniu byly posel SLD Marek Balt zostanie doradca w Czestochowskim Przedsiebiorstwie Komunalnym. - Uznalismy, ze to bedzie korzystne dla miejskiej spólki, bo jako posel byl w komisji ochrony srodowiska - twierdzi jego przyszly pracodawca
https://czestochowa.wyborcza.pl/
The Ethiopia-Netherlands Connection of the King Shiloh Soundsystem - Red Bull Music Academy Daily The Ethiopia-Netherlands Connection of the King Shiloh Soundsystem - Red Bull Music Academy Daily
How a commitment to sharing is building bonds across continents.
https://daily.redbullmusicacademy.com/
Pre-Competitive International Coffee Partners Launches Ethiopia ProjectDaily Coffee News by Roast Magazine Pre-Competitive International Coffee Partners Launches Ethiopia ProjectDaily Coffee News by Roast Magazine
Daily Coffee News by Roast magazine provides essential only news and resources for specialty coffee professionals. Daily Coffee News covers coffee news from seed to cup, including stories on coffee origin, imports, exports, logistics, supply chains, sustainability, retail, baristas, roasting and consumer trends. Focusing on Ethiopia's Amhara region, the“Coffee Alliances for Ethiopia” (CAFE) project comes from International Coffee Partners (ICP).
https://dailycoffeenews.com/
Daniafurniture.com Daniafurniture.com
Dania Furniture offers high quality modern furniture and home decor that is affordable. Shop online or visit your local store to see our offerings.
https://daniafurniture.com/
Klaver Flowers Ethiopia - High Quality Cut Flowers - Danziger Klaver Flowers Ethiopia - High Quality Cut Flowers - Danziger
Klaver Flowers Ethiopia - High Quality Cut Flowers - Danziger
https://danzigeronline.com/
Current News — Dash8World Current News — Dash8World
Current News — Dash8World
https://dash8world.com/
INASP INASP
INASP
https://dashboard.inasp.info/
Data Africa Data Africa
An open source agriculture, climate, poverty, and health visualization engine for Africa.
https://dataafrica.io/
Noah Mekonnen - Men's Soccer - Dallas Baptist University Athletics Noah Mekonnen - Men's Soccer - Dallas Baptist University Athletics
Noah Mekonnen (16) Midfielder - CAREER HONORS 2018: Fall Heartland Conference Commissioner's Honor Roll 2018 (FRESHMAN) Did not play. HIGH SCHOOL Lettered
https://dbupatriots.com/
Äthiopien Bed and Breakfast, Privatzimmer und Hotel Alternativen Äthiopien Bed and Breakfast, Privatzimmer und Hotel Alternativen
Äthiopien - Die größte Auswahl an Bed and Breakfasts. Suchen Sie nach Lage, Unterkunftsart oder Ausstattung. Hier finden Sie bestimmt, was Sie suchen. Starten Sie Ihre Urlaubssuche am besten jetzt
https://de.bedandbreakfast.com/
Decayeuxparis.com Decayeuxparis.com
Decayeux Paris - Bijoux, ceintures, bagues de luxe avec des finitions en argent 925 millièmes disponible en finition or ou palladium au design contemporain.
https://decayeuxparis.com/
Netflix’s The Silence vs A Quiet Place: How the Films Compare Netflix’s The Silence vs A Quiet Place: How the Films Compare
Is The Silence on Netflix basically just A Quiet Place? Well, kinda. Here's how the films compare.
https://decider.com/
Adam's Ethiopian Restaurant delivery from Brixton - Order with Deliveroo Adam's Ethiopian Restaurant delivery from Brixton - Order with Deliveroo
Serving up amazing food, Adam's Ethiopian Restaurant sits in the heart of Brixton. With dishes you’re guaranteed to love, order now for delivery within 32 minutes
https://deliveroo.co.uk/
Dependency injection in Android - Android Developers
Dependency injection in Android - Android Developers
https://developer.android.com/
It's a Dogs Life at the Dew Claw Dog Spa - Dew Claw Kennel It's a Dogs Life at the Dew Claw Dog Spa - Dew Claw Kennel
It's a Dogs Life at the Dew Claw Dog Spa - Dew Claw Kennel
https://dewclawkennel.com/
BE ALL OVER IT - meaning in the Cambridge English Dictionary BE ALL OVER IT - meaning in the Cambridge English Dictionary
Be all over it definition: 1. to be very involved or interested in something: 2. to be dealing with something with a lot of…. Learn more.
https://dictionary.cambridge.org/
Best Diving sites in Red Sea – Scuba dive reviews by Divezone Best Diving sites in Red Sea – Scuba dive reviews by Divezone
The Red Sea is home to an array of amazing reefs with a teeming marine life, pelagic fishes, Reef Sharks, Dolphins and even the very rare Dugong! – Diving Red Sea, : Full Review & Tips
https://divezone.net/
4.8 Ethiopia Transporter Contact List - Logistics Capacity Assessment - Digital Logistics Capacity Assessments 4.8 Ethiopia Transporter Contact List - Logistics Capacity Assessment - Digital Logistics Capacity Assessments
4.8 Ethiopia Transporter Contact List - Logistics Capacity Assessment - Digital Logistics Capacity Assessments
https://dlca.logcluster.org/
Dachshund Dog Breed Information, Pictures, Characteristics & Facts - Dogtime Dachshund Dog Breed Information, Pictures, Characteristics & Facts - Dogtime
Dachshund information including pictures, training, behavior, and care of Dachshunds and dog breed mixes.
https://dogtime.com/
Addis Ababa Light Rail Map Download - ZDNet Addis Ababa Light Rail Map Download - ZDNet
Location: Addis Ababa, Ethiopia=== Features ===- Large Light Rail Map.- No Settings Required.- Pinch to Zoom Capable.- Double Tab to Zoom an
https://downloads.zdnet.com/
Axum Axum
AXUM product page
https://d-r.nl/
Dr. Be Show – Your health mentor Dr. Be Show – Your health mentor
Dr. Be Show – Your health mentor
https://drbeshow.com/
Dubai UAE Car Exporter - Dubai Car Exporter Dealer New Used Africa, Asia, OCeania Dubai UAE Car Exporter - Dubai Car Exporter Dealer New Used Africa, Asia, OCeania
Dubai UAE Car Exporter - Dubai Car Exporter Dealer New Used Africa, Asia, OCeania
https://dubai-car-dealer.com/
104.7 Duke FM - The Legends of Country - Fargo ND, Moorhead MN 104.7 Duke FM - The Legends of Country - Fargo ND, Moorhead MN
Fargo-Moorhead's classic country radio station. Listen to the Legends of Country online, featuring artists like Alan Jackson, The Judds, George Strait and more.
https://dukefmfargo.com/
Home - Buy & Sell Everything Home - Buy & Sell Everything
Get the latest women's fashion online at dukem.org. With millions of new styles every day from dresses, onesies, heels, coats, shop women's clothing now! Free Delivery on orders over $50! Discover the latest in men fashion and women clothing online shop from over 1000,000 styles to choose from. Best Online Shopping for Ethiopian Clothes and Ethiopian Fashion at Best Prices. Women Fashion Shopping Online - Shop from a huge range of latest women clothing, shoes, Makeup Kits, Watches, footwear and more for women at best price online @ Dukem from Top Brands. Best Online Fashion Shopping -COD -30-Days Returns -Free Shipping. Online Shopping for Women, Men, Kids Fashion & Lifestyle.
https://dukem.org/
Addis Ababa Adopts Ethiopia’s First Light Rail Communications - Huawei Enterprise Addis Ababa Adopts Ethiopia’s First Light Rail Communications - Huawei Enterprise
Addis Ababa Adopts Ethiopia’s First Light Rail Communications - Huawei Enterprise
https://e.huawei.com/
Earthquakes in Mekele, Tigray, Ethiopia - Most Recent Earthquakes in Mekele, Tigray, Ethiopia - Most Recent
Epicenters and Locations of the Latest Quakes Near Mekele, Tigray, Ethiopia
https://earthquaketrack.com/
Ethiopian Airlines: Latest News & Videos, Photos about Ethiopian Airlines - The Economic Times Ethiopian Airlines: Latest News & Videos, Photos about Ethiopian Airlines - The Economic Times
Ethiopian Airlines Latest Breaking News, Pictures, Videos, and Special Reports from The Economic Times. Ethiopian Airlines Blogs, Comments and Archive News on Economictimes.com
https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/
Africa's Largest Waste-to-Energy Plant in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Africa's Largest Waste-to-Energy Plant in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Africa's largest waste-to-energy plant in Addis Ababa. The plant, which is said to have begun operating in January, will take care of 80% of the city’s waste; that would be an incineration of about 1,400 tons of waste every day. As a result, it will fulfill up to 30% of Addis’ household electricity needs.
https://ecourbanhub.com/
Addis Ababa , Sample of Term Papers Addis Ababa , Sample of Term Papers
FOR BEAUTIFUL BEACHES 7 good reasons for avoiding Addis Ababa as your next posting Posted on April 6, 2012
https://educheer.com/
Roaming costs for Ethiopia - Using your phone abroad - EE Roaming costs for Ethiopia - Using your phone abroad - EE
Whether you're an EE, Orange or T-Mobile customer, find out exactly how much it costs to make and receive calls, text and send picture messages in Ethiopia.
https://ee.co.uk/
Ethiopia - Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative Ethiopia - Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative
Ethiopia - Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative
https://eiti.org/
El  Almanaque N� 4446  Mié²£oles  14  de  Diciembre de 2011 El  Almanaque N� 4446  Mié²£oles  14  de  Diciembre de 2011
El  Almanaque N� 4446  Mié²£oles  14  de  Diciembre de 2011
https://elalmanaque.com/
Photo Addis Ababa at dawn. par wollwerth sur Envato Elements Photo Addis Ababa at dawn. par wollwerth sur Envato Elements
Télécharger Addis Ababa at dawn. Photos par wollwerth. Abonnez-vous à Envato Elements pour des téléchargements illimités Photos avec un forfait mensuel. Abonnez-vous et téléchargez maintenant
https://elements.envato.com/
Ethiopia – Elizabeth Around the World Ethiopia – Elizabeth Around the World
December 2014 – January 2015 A CORNUCOPIA IN THE HORN OF AFRICA In Ethiopia, the year, at the time of this posting, is 2008. The taxi cabs are 50 years old, the calendar has 13 months instead of 12, and the clock is six hours ahead of its eastern Africa time zone. It's the most mysterious and…
https://elizabetharoundtheworld.com/
Therapeutic Injections for Pain Management: Types of Therapeutic Injections, Guidelines for Therapeutic Application, Technical Application Therapeutic Injections for Pain Management: Types of Therapeutic Injections, Guidelines for Therapeutic Application, Technical Application
This article focuses on the use of therapeutic injections (see the image below) to treat acute and chronic pain syndromes. Discussion of this topic begins with an overview of regional anesthesia, which includes the pharmacology of frequently administered medications and basic information regarding equipment and safety.
https://emedicine.medscape.com/
The Role of Urban Planning in Rapid Growth: Nairobi, Addis Ababa, and Kigali – emerge85 The Role of Urban Planning in Rapid Growth: Nairobi, Addis Ababa, and Kigali – emerge85
The Role of Urban Planning in Rapid Growth: Nairobi, Addis Ababa, and Kigali – emerge85
https://emerge85.io/
Ethiopia - Canon Central and North Africa Ethiopia - Canon Central and North Africa
Ethiopia - Canon Central and North Africa
https://en.canon-cna.com/
Yelp.ch Yelp.ch
Yelp.ch
https://en.m.yelp.ch/
Embassy Of Ethiopia parking - Parkings publics, places de stationnement dans la rue, garages privés Embassy Of Ethiopia parking - Parkings publics, places de stationnement dans la rue, garages privés
Trouvez le prix du stationnement, les heures d'ouverture et les cartes de stationnement pour tous les parcs de stationnement de Embassy Of Ethiopia, le stationnement dans la rue, les horodateurs et les garages privés
https://en.parkopedia.com/
Oasis in Addis! - Review of The Residence Suite Hotel, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia - TripAdvisor Oasis in Addis! - Review of The Residence Suite Hotel, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia - TripAdvisor
The Residence Suite Hotel: Oasis in Addis! - See 94 traveller reviews, 28 candid photos, and great deals for The Residence Suite Hotel at TripAdvisor.
https://en.tripadvisor.com.hk/
Yelp.be Yelp.be
Yelp.be
https://en.yelp.be/
Ethiopia Energy Situation - energypedia.info Ethiopia Energy Situation - energypedia.info
Ethiopia Energy Situation - energypedia.info
https://energypedia.info/
Analyzing ecological footprint of residential building construction in Adama City, Ethiopia - Environmental Systems Research - Full Text Analyzing ecological footprint of residential building construction in Adama City, Ethiopia - Environmental Systems Research - Full Text
The pressure of urbanization on the earth’s ecosystem is becoming unprecedented and urges a clear policy at all levels. Urbanization in Ethiopia is so swift that needs to balance its pace with resources the urban way of life need. For this, a residential neighborhood in Adama City is considered and checked for its sustainability using the ecological footprint (EF) method. Cluster analysis and regression analysis were used for grouping the sampled residences and relating EF with the combination of family size, floor area and plot area, respectively. Computing the biocapacity of the country, the level of resource consumption for residential building construction was compared and contrasted. The results show that from 1.084 to 8.146 gha/capita resources were consumed and the overall EF is found to be 2.952 gha/capita. The deficit is found to be 1.277 gha/capita, indicates that the existing practice is not sustainable. Moreover, the significant relationship is found between the EF and the linear combination of floor area, family size and plot area. Besides, the EF is sensitive to the variability of floor area. In line with the growing concern of sustainable urban growth, planners and stakeholders should recognize where there is over-utilization of natural capital and plan a new heading before negative outcomes become irreversible. Formulation of policies for sustainable resource use should also aim to create a balance between ecological and socio-economic needs.
https://environmentalsystemsresearch.springeropen.com/
Esport business is yet to take off in Africa - E-PLAY Africa Esport business is yet to take off in Africa - E-PLAY Africa
The market of eSports is becoming more popular with punters across the globe, with every passing month. Yet in Africa it is still in its infancy stage of growth.
https://e-playafrica.com/
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: A Misunderstood Land - ErikaWithAK Travel Blog Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: A Misunderstood Land - ErikaWithAK Travel Blog
James was a military diplomat in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia for many years. He shared his story with us here. -ErikaWithAK -AddisAbaba -Ethiopia -TopTravelBlog
https://erikawithak.me/
English Archives - EthioExplorer.com English Archives - EthioExplorer.com
English Archives - EthioExplorer.com
https://ethioexplorer.com/
Resources - Ethiopia Resources - Ethiopia
Resources - Ethiopia
https://ethiopia.lutheranworld.org/
Home Home
Home
https://ethiopia.rdnglobal.com/
Ethiopiaembassy.fr Ethiopiaembassy.fr
Ethiopiaembassy.fr
https://ethiopiaembassy.fr/

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